• UNE-EN 60099-4:2016

    Current The latest, up-to-date edition.

    Surge arresters - Part 4: Metal-oxide surge arresters without gaps for a.c. systems

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  Spanish, Castilian, English

    Published date:  23-11-2016

    Publisher:  Asociacion Espanola de Normalizacion

    Add To Cart

    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 Scope
    2 Normative references
    3 Terms and definitions
    4 Identification and classification
       4.1 Arrester identification
       4.2 Arrester classification
    5 Standard ratings and service conditions
       5.1 Standard rated voltages
       5.2 Standard rated frequencies
       5.3 Standard nominal discharge currents
       5.4 Service conditions
             5.4.1 Normal service conditions
             5.4.2 Abnormal service conditions
    6 Requirements
       6.1 Insulation withstand of the arrester housing
       6.2 Reference voltage
       6.3 Residual voltages
       6.4 Internal partial discharges
       6.5 Seal leak rate
       6.6 Current distribution in a multi-column arrester
       6.7 Thermal stability
       6.8 Long-duration current impulse withstand
       6.9 Operating duty
       6.10 Power-frequency voltage versus time characteristics of
             an arrester
       6.11 Short-circuit
       6.12 Disconnector
             6.12.1 Disconnector withstand
       6.13 Requirements for auxiliary equipment such as grading
             components
       6.14 Mechanical loads
             6.14.1 Bending moment
             6.14.2 Resistance against environmental stresses
             6.14.3 Insulating base
    7 General testing procedure
       7.1 Measuring equipment and accuracy
       7.2 Reference voltage measurements
       7.3 Test samples
    8 Type tests (design tests)
       8.1 General
       8.2 Insulation withstand tests on the arrester housing
             8.2.1 General
             8.2.2 Tests on individual unit housing
             8.2.3 Tests on complete arrester housing assemblies
             8.2.4 Ambient air conditions during tests
             8.2.5 Wet test procedure
             8.2.6 Lightning impulse voltage test
             8.2.7 Switching impulse voltage test
             8.2.8 Power-frequency voltage test
       8.3 Residual voltage tests
             8.3.1 Steep current impulse residual voltage test
             8.3.2 Lightning impulse residual voltage test
             8.3.3 Switching impulse residual voltage test
       8.4 Long-duration current impulse withstand test
             8.4.1 General
             8.4.2 Line discharge test requirements for 20 000 A
                    and 10 000 A arresters
             8.4.3 Long-duration current requirements for 5 000 A
                    and 2 500 A arresters
       8.5 Operating duty tests
             8.5.1 General
             8.5.2 Accelerated ageing procedure
             8.5.3 Heat dissipation behaviour of test sample
             8.5.4 High current impulse operating duty test
             8.5.5 Switching surge operating duty test
             8.5.6 Evaluation of thermal stability in the operating
                    duty tests
       8.6 Tests of arrester disconnectors/fault indicators
             8.6.1 General
             8.6.2 Current impulse and operating duty withstand tests
             8.6.3 Disconnector operation
             8.6.4 Fault indicator operation
       8.7 Short-circuit test procedure
       8.8 Internal partial discharge tests
       8.9 Test of the bending moment
             8.9.1 General
             8.9.2 Sample preparation
             8.9.3 Test procedure
             8.9.4 Test evaluation
       8.10 Environmental tests
             8.10.1 General
             8.10.2 Sample preparation
             8.10.3 Test procedure
             8.10.4 Test evaluation
       8.11 Seal leak rate test
             8.11.1 General
             8.11.2 Sample preparation
             8.11.3 Test procedure
             8.11.4 Test evaluation
       8.12 Radio interference voltage (RIV) test
    9 Routine tests and acceptance tests
       9.1 Routine tests
       9.2 Acceptance tests
             9.2.1 Standard acceptance tests
             9.2.2 Special thermal stability test
    10 Test requirements on polymer-housed surge arresters
       10.1 Scope
       10.2 Normative references
       10.3 Terms and definitions
       10.4 Identification and classification
       10.5 Standard ratings and service conditions
       10.6 Requirements
       10.7 General testing procedure
       10.8 Type tests (design tests)
             10.8.1 General
             10.8.2 Insulation withstand tests on the arrester housing
             10.8.3 Residual voltage tests
             10.8.4 Long-duration current impulse withstand test
             10.8.5 Operating duty tests
             10.8.6 Tests of arrester disconnectors and fault indicators
             10.8.7 Short-circuit tests
             10.8.8 Internal partial discharge tests
             10.8.9 Test of the bending moment
             10.8.10 Environmental tests
             10.8.11 Seal leak rate test
             10.8.12 Radio interference voltage (RIV) test
             10.8.13 Moisture ingress test
             10.8.14 Weather ageing test
    11 Test requirements on gas-insulated metal enclosed arresters
       (GIS-arresters)
       11.1 Scope
       11.2 Normative references
       11.3 Terms and definitions
       11.4 Identification and classification
       11.5 Standard ratings and service conditions
       11.6 Requirements
             11.6.1 Withstand voltages
             11.6.11 Requirements for the enclosures of GIS-arresters
       11.7 General testing procedures
       11.8 Type tests (design tests)
             11.8.1 General
             11.8.2 Insulation withstand tests
             11.8.3 Residual voltage tests
             11.8.4 Long duration current impulse withstand test
             11.8.5 Operating duty tests
             11.8.6 Tests of arrester disconnectors/fault indicators
             11.8.7 Short-circuit tests
             11.8.8 Internal partial discharge tests
       11.9 Routine tests
       11.10 Test after erection on site
    12 Separable and dead-front arresters
       12.1 Scope
       12.2 Normative references
       12.3 Terms and definitions
       12.4 Identification and classification
       12.5 Standard ratings and service conditions
       12.6 Requirements
             12.6.11 Short circuit
       12.7 General testing procedure
       12.8 Type tests (design tests)
             12.8.1 General
             12.8.2 Insulation withstand tests on the arrester housing
             12.8.3 Residual voltage tests
             12.8.4 Long duration current impulse withstand test
             12.8.5 Operating duty tests
             12.8.6 Tests of disconnectors/fault indicators
             12.8.7 Short-circuit test procedure
             12.8.8 Internal partial discharge test
       12.9 Routine tests and acceptance tests
    13 Void
    Annex A (normative) Abnormal service conditions
    Annex B (normative) Test to verify thermal equivalency between
            complete arrester and arrester section
    Annex C (normative) Requirements for high lightning duty arresters
            for voltage range 1 kV to 52 kV
    Annex D (normative) Procedure to verify the power-frequency
            voltage-versus-time characteristics of an arrester
    Annex E (informative) Guide to selection of line discharge class
    Annex F (normative) Artificial pollution test with respect to
            the thermal stress on porcelain-housed multi-unit
            metal-oxide surge arresters
            F.1 Glossary
                F.1.1 Measured quantities
                F.1.2 Calculated quantities
            F.2 General
            F.3 Classification of site severity
            F.4 Preliminary heating test: measurement of the thermal
                time constant tau and calculation of beta
            F.5 Verification of the need to perform the pollution tests
            F.6 General requirements for the pollution test
                F.6.1 Test sample
                F.6.2 Testing plant
                F.6.3 Measuring devices and measuring procedures
                F.6.4 Test preparation
            F.7 Test procedures
                F.7.1 Slurry method
                F.7.2 Salt fog method
            F.8 Evaluation of test results
                F.8.1 Calculation of K[ie]
                F.8.2 Calculation of the expected temperature rise
                      delta T[z] in service
            F.9 Example
                F.9.1 Preliminary heating test
                F.9.2 Verification of the need to perform the pollution
                      test
                F.9.3 Salt fog tests
                F.9.4 Calculation performed after five test cycles
                F.9.5 Calculation performed after 10 test cycles
    Annex G (informative) Typical information given with enquiries
            and tenders
            G.1 Information given with enquiry
                G.1.1 System data
                G.1.2 Service conditions
                G.1.3 Arrester duty
                G.1.4 Characteristics of arrester
                G.1.5 Additional equipment and fittings
                G.1.6 Any special abnormal conditions
            G.2 Information given with tender
    Annex H (informative) Typical circuit for high current impulse
            operating duty test
    Annex I (informative) Typical circuit for a distributed constant
            impulse generator for the long duration current impulse
            withstand test
    Annex J (informative) Typical maximum residual voltages
    Annex K (informative) Ageing test procedure - Arrhenius law -
            Problems with higher temperatures
    Annex L (informative) Guide for the determination of the voltage
            distribution along metal-oxide surge arresters
            L.1 General
            L.2 Modelling of the surge arrester
            L.3 Modelling of the boundary conditions
            L.4 Calculation procedure
                L.4.1 Capacitive representation of the non-linear
                      resistor column
                L.4.2 Capacitive and resistive representation of
                      the non-linear resistor column
                L.4.3 Determination of U[ct]
            L.5 Example calculations
                L.5.1 Modelling of the arrester and the boundary
                      Conditions
                L.5.2 Resistive effects of the metal-oxide non-linear
                      resistors
                L.5.3 Results and conclusions from electric field
                      calculations
    Annex M (normative) Mechanical considerations
            M.1 Test of bending moment
            M.2 Seismic test
            M.3 Definition of mechanical loads
            M.4 Definition of seal leak rate
            M.5 Calculation of wind-bending-moment
    Annex N (informative) Short-circuit tests
                N.8.7 Short circuit
    Annex ZA (normative) Normative references to international
             publications with their corresponding European
             publications
    Annex ZB (informative) Liquid-immersed arresters
    Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Applies to non-linear metal-oxide resistor type surge arresters without spark gaps designed to limit voltage surges on a.c. power circuits.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee CTN 207/SC 99
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Asociacion Espanola de Normalizacion
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    UNE 211028:2013 Cable accessories. Separable connectors (plug-in and bolted types) for use on underground distribution cables of rated voltage up to 18/30 (36) kV

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEC 60060-2:2010 High-voltage test techniques - Part 2: Measuring systems
    ISO 4892-1:2016 Plastics Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources Part 1: General guidance
    EN ISO 4287:1998/A1:2009 GEOMETRICAL PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS (GPS) - SURFACE TEXTURE: PROFILE METHOD - TERMS, DEFINITIONS AND SURFACE TEXTURE PARAMETERS
    IEC 60270:2000+AMD1:2015 CSV High-voltage test techniques - Partial discharge measurements
    ISO 4287:1997 Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) — Surface texture: Profile method — Terms, definitions and surface texture parameters
    IEC 62271-200:2011 High-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 200: AC metal-enclosed switchgear and controlgear for rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV
    IEC 62271-202:2014 High-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 202: High-voltage/ low-voltage prefabricated substation
    EN ISO 4892-1 : 2016 PLASTICS - METHODS OF EXPOSURE TO LABORATORY LIGHT SOURCES - PART 1: GENERAL GUIDANCE (ISO 4892-1:2016)
    EN 62271-1:2017 HIGH-VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR - PART 1: COMMON SPECIFICATIONS FOR ALTERNATING CURRENT SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR (IEC 62271-1:2017)
    EN ISO 4892-3:2016 PLASTICS - METHODS OF EXPOSURE TO LABORATORY LIGHT SOURCES - PART 3: FLUORESCENT UV LAMPS (ISO 4892-3:2016)
    IEC 62217:2012 Polymeric HV insulators for indoor and outdoor use - General definitions, test methods and acceptance criteria
    IEC TS 60815-2:2008 Selection and dimensioning of high-voltage insulators intended for use in polluted conditions - Part 2: Ceramic and glass insulators for a.c. systems
    EN 62271-203:2012 High-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 203: Gas-insulated metal-enclosed switchgear for rated voltages above 52 kV
    EN 60060-1 : 2010 HIGH-VOLTAGE TEST TECHNIQUES - PART 1: GENERAL DEFINITIONS AND TEST REQUIREMENTS
    IEC 60068-2-11:1981 Basic environmental testing procedures - Part 2-11: Tests - Test Ka: Salt mist
    EN 62271-202:2014/AC:2014 HIGH-VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR - PART 202: HIGH-VOLTAGE/LOW-VOLTAGE PREFABRICATED SUBSTATION (IEC 62271-202:2014)
    EN 60099-1:1994/A1:1999 SURGE ARRESTERS - PART 1: NON-LINEAR RESISTOR TYPE GAPPED SURGE ARRESTERS FOR A.C. SYSTEMS
    EN 60270:2001/A1:2016 HIGH-VOLTAGE TEST TECHNIQUES - PARTIAL DISCHARGE MEASUREMENTS (IEC 60270:2000/A1:2015)
    EN 60507:2014 ARTIFICIAL POLLUTION TESTS ON HIGH-VOLTAGE CERAMIC AND GLASS INSULATORS TO BE USED ON A.C. SYSTEMS (IEC 60507:2013)
    EN 60060-2:2011 HIGH-VOLTAGE TEST TECHNIQUES - PART 2: MEASURING SYSTEMS
    EN 60099-5:2013 SURGE ARRESTERS - PART 5: SELECTION AND APPLICATION RECOMMENDATIONS (IEC 60099-5:2013)
    ISO 4892-3:2016 Plastics Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources Part 3: Fluorescent UV lamps
    EN 60068-2-17 : 1994 BASIC ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING - TEST Q: SEALING
    IEC 60068-2-17:1994 Basic environmental testing procedures - Part 2-17: Tests - Test Q: Sealing
    IEC 62271-203:2011 High-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 203: Gas-insulated metal-enclosed switchgear for rated voltages above 52 kV
    IEC 60099-1:1991+AMD1:1999 CSV Surge arresters - Part 1: Non-linear resistor type gapped surge arresters for a.c. systems
    ISO 3274:1996 Geometrical Product Specifications (GPS) — Surface texture: Profile method — Nominal characteristics of contact (stylus) instruments
    IEC 60721-3-2:1997 Classification of environmental conditions - Part 3: Classification of groups of environmental parameters and their severities - Section 2: Transportation
    EN 60071-1:2006/A1:2010 INSULATION CO-ORDINATION - PART 1: DEFINITIONS, PRINCIPLES AND RULES
    IEC 60099-5:2013 Surge arresters - Part 5: Selection and application recommendations
    IEC 62271-1:2017 High-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 1: Common specifications for alternating current switchgear and controlgear
    CISPR TR 18-2:2017 Radio interference characteristics of overhead power lines and high-voltage equipment - Part 2: Methods of measurement and procedure for determining limits
    IEC 60071-2:1996 Insulation co-ordination - Part 2: Application guide
    ISO 4892-2:2013 Plastics Methods of exposure to laboratory light sources Part 2: Xenon-arc lamps
    EN 60071-2 : 1997 INSULATION CO-ORDINATION - APPLICATION GUIDE
    EN 60068-2-11 : 1999 ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING - TESTS - TEST KA-SALT MIST
    EN 60721-3-2 : 1997 CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS - CLASSIFICATION OF GROUPS OF ENVIRONMENTAL PARAMETERS AND THEIR SEVERITIES - TRANSPORTATION
    IEC 60060-1:2010 High-voltage test techniques - Part 1: General definitions and test requirements
    IEC 60507:2013 Artificial pollution tests on high-voltage ceramic and glass insulators to be used on a.c. systems
    IEC 60071-1:2006+AMD1:2010 CSV Insulation co-ordination - Part 1: Definitions, principles and rules
    IEC 60068-2-14:2009 Environmental testing - Part 2-14: Tests - Test N: Change of temperature
    IEC TS 60815-1:2008 Selection and dimensioning of high-voltage insulators intended for use in polluted conditions - Part 1: Definitions, information and general principles
    EN ISO 4892-2:2013 PLASTICS - METHODS OF EXPOSURE TO LABORATORY LIGHT SOURCES - PART 2: XENON-ARC LAMPS (ISO 4892-2:2013)
    EN 60068-2-14:2009 ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING - PART 2-14: TESTS - TEST N: CHANGE OF TEMPERATURE
    EN 62217:2013 POLYMERIC HV INSULATORS FOR INDOOR AND OUTDOOR USE - GENERAL DEFINITIONS, TEST METHODS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA (IEC 62217:2012)
    EN 62271-200:2012/AC:2015 HIGH-VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR - PART 200: AC METAL-ENCLOSED SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR FOR RATED VOLTAGES ABOVE 1 KV AND UP TO AND INCLUDING 52 KV (IEC 62271-200:2011)
    EN ISO 3274 : 1997 GEOMETRICAL PRODUCT SPECIFICATIONS (GPS) - SURFACE TEXTURE: PROFILE METHOD - NOMINAL CHARACTERISTICS OF CONTACT (STYLUS) INSTRUMENTS
    IEC TS 60815-3:2008 Selection and dimensioning of high-voltage insulators intended for use in polluted conditions - Part 3: Polymer insulators for a.c. systems
    • Access your standards online with a subscription

      Features

      • Simple online access to standards, technical information and regulations
      • Critical updates of standards and customisable alerts and notifications
      • Multi - user online standards collection: secure, flexibile and cost effective