• 00/705761 DC : DRAFT FEB 2000

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

    PREN 13814 - FAIRGROUND AND AMUSEMENT PARK MACHINERY AND STRUCTURES - SAFETY

    Available format(s): 

    Superseded date:  29-09-2006

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  24-11-2012

    Publisher:  British Standards Institution

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Foreword
    Introduction
    1 Scope
    2 Normative references
    3 Definitions
       3.1 Amusement devices
       3.2 Independent inspection body
       3.3 Initial approval
       3.4 Log book
       3.5 Permit
       3.6 Independent thorough examination
       3.7 Licensing body
       3.8 Modification
       3.9 Repair
       3.10 Safety critical component
       3.11 Loading area
       3.12 Passenger containment
       3.13 Passenger unit
       3.14 Platform
       3.15 Walkways and ramps
       3.16 Stair
       3.17 Amusement device operator
       3.18 Attendant
       3.19 Controller
       3.20 Daily check
       3.21 Trial run
       3.22 Service
    4 Symbols
    5 Common requirements for design and analysis
       and examination
       5.1 Design documents
            5.1.1 General
            5.1.2 Description of design and operation
            5.1.3 Design and manufacturing drawings
            5.1.4 Principles of analysis
       5.2 Selection of materials
            5.2.1 Suitability
            5.2.2 Recommended steels
            5.2.3 Aluminium alloy
            5.2.4 Timber
            5.2.5 Plastic composites
            5.2.6 Concrete
            5.2.7 Fasteners
       5.3 Design loads
            5.3.1 General
            5.3.2 Permanent actions
            5.3.3 Variable actions
            5.3.4 Seismic forces
            5.3.5 Applicable coefficients for impacts,
                   for the vibration of structural
                   components directly travelled over
                   and for collision
            5.3.6 Load combinations
       5.4 Structural analysis - Principles
            5.4.1 General
            5.4.2 Analysis principles for various
                   types of ride
            5.4.3 Roller coasters with rail track
                   bound vehicles
            5.4.4 Railways with rail track bound
                   vehicles
            5.4.5 Grandstands
       5.5 Verification of stability
            5.5.1 Safety against overturning, sliding
                   and lifting
            5.5.2 Ground anchorages
            5.5.3 Further requirements
            5.5.4 Ground support for packing
       5.6 Verification of strength
            5.6.1 General
            5.6.2 Predominantly static stress
            5.6.3 Fluctuating stress
            5.6.4 Bolts
            5.6.5 Ropes, chains, safety devices, rope
                   drives, connectors, and adapters
       5.7 Structural design and workmanship
            5.7.1 Arrangement, accessibility
            5.7.2 Locking and safety devices
            5.7.3 Disconnectable joints
            5.7.4 Shaping and designing of components
                   subject to fluctuating loads
            5.7.5 Supports
            5.7.6 Central masts
            5.7.7 Prevention of corrosion
       5.8 Initial approval, examination and tests
            recommended procedures
            5.8.1 General
            5.8.2 Testing
            5.8.3 Inspection bodies
            5.8.4 Initial approval of amusement devices
    6 Requirements for design and manufacture of rides
       and structures
       6.1 Risk reduction by prevailing design and
            safety measures
            6.1.1 General
            6.1.2 Hazard identification
            6.1.3 Risk assessment
            6.1.4 Risk reduction in case of platforms,
                   ramps, floors, stairs and walkways
            6.1.5 Risk reduction in case of railing,
                   fencing and guards
            6.1.6 Risk reduction in case of access and
                   egress
            6.1.7 Risk reduction in case of passenger
                   units
            6.1.8 Risk reduction by special provisions
       6.2 Suplementary safety requirements for
            amusement devices categories
            6.2.1 Round abouts with horizontal and/or
                   vertical movements
            6.2.2 Giant wheels, swings (with and without
                   motor)
            6.2.3 Roller coster, flume rides, dark rides,
                   railways and other railguided channel
                   or trackbound devices
            6.2.4 Dodgem cars, speedways, boat and
                   waterrides, slides, helter skelter,
                   etc.
            6.2.5 Side shows, booths, win-a-prize and
                   sales stands, maze, hall of mirrors,
                   fun houses, labyrinths, hammer, ring
                   the bell and similar
            6.2.6 Temporary grandstands, maneges, etc.
            6.2.7 Shooting stands and trailers,
                   shooting devices
            6.2.8 Mechanical system
       6.3 Manufacture and supply
            6.3.1 General
            6.3.2 Manufacture
            6.3.3 Supply
       6.4 Provisions prior to use
            6.4.1 General
            6.4.2 Permit
            6.4.3 Competence
            6.4.4 Log book
            6.4.5 Permit for used and imported devices
            6.4.6 Marking
    7 Operation and use of rides and structures
       7.1 Introduction
       7.2 Standard documentation
       7.3 Competence of Personnel
            7.3.1 Requirements for personnel
            7.3.2 Duties of the controller
            7.3.3 Duties of the amusement device
                   operator
            7.3.4 Duties of the attendant
            7.3.5 Training of personnel
       7.4 Build up and pull down
            7.4.1 The siting of amusement devices
            7.4.2 Erection and dismantling
            7.4.3 Ground and packing stability
            7.4.4 Care of equipment
       7.5 Trial operations and checks
            7.5.1 Taking into use after build up
            7.5.2 Daily check and trial run
            7.5.3 Check of emergency devices
       7.6 Operation
            7.6.1 Start up daily
            7.6.2 Loading and unloading of passengers
            7.6.3 During operating cycle
            7.6.4 Supervision of public
            7.6.5 Instruction to public
            7.6.6 Out of operation
       7.7 Maintenance, repair and modifications
            7.7.1 General
            7.7.2 Servicing
            7.7.3 Repair
            7.7.4 Modifications
       7.8 Independent examinations
            7.8.1 Independent thorough examination
            7.8.2 Installation examination
            7.8.3 Examination after repair,
                   modification and accidents
            7.8.4 Reports
            7.8.5 Examination intervals
            7.8.6 Prolongation and transfer
       7.9 Special provisions
            7.9.1 Breakdown
            7.9.2 Evacuation
            7.9.3 Adverse weather conditions
            7.9.4 Fire
    Annex A (informative) Fatigue analysis
    Annex B (normative) Detailed analysis rules
    Annex C (normative) Examination forms
    Annex D (normative) Electric installations and
            Control systems
    Annex E (informative) Guidance on design of
            passenger containments
    Annex F (informative) Log Book for an amusement
            device

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Comment Closes On
    Committee MCE/3/4
    Document Type Draft
    Publisher British Standards Institution
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    EN 294:1992/AC:1993 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - SAFETY DISTANCES TO PREVENT DANGER ZONES BEING REACHED BY THE UPPER LIMBS
    ENV 1997-1 : 1994 EUROCODE 7: GEOTECHNICAL DESIGN - GENERAL RULES
    ISO 7090:2000 Plain washers, chamfered Normal series Product grade A
    EN 24018 : 1991 HEXAGONAL HEAD SCREWS - PRODUCT GRADE C
    EN 418 : 1992 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - EMERGENCY STOP EQUIPMENT, FUNCTIONAL ASPECTS - PRINCIPLES FOR DESIGN
    ISO 209-1:1989 Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys Chemical composition and forms of products Part 1: Chemical composition
    EN 982 : 96 + A1 2008 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR FLUID POWER SYSTEMS AND THEIR COMPONENTS - HYDRAULICS
    EN 699 : 1995 FIBRE ROPES FOR GENERAL SERVICE - POLYPROPYLENE
    EN 701 : 1995 FIBRE ROPES FOR GENERAL SERVICE - GENERAL SPECIFICATION
    EN 1176-3:2017 Playground equipment and surfacing - Part 3: Additional specific safety requirements and test methods for slides
    EN 697 : 1995 FIBRE ROPES FOR GENERAL SERVICE - POLYESTER
    HD 384.4.41 S2:1996/A1:2002 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS OF BUILDINGS - PART 4: PROTECTION FOR SAFETY - CHAPTER 41: PROTECTION AGAINST ELECTRIC SHOCK
    ISO 6362-2:2014 Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded rods/bars, tubes and profiles — Part 2: Mechanical properties
    EN 20898-1 : 1991 MECHANICAL PROPERTIES OF FASTENERS - BOLTS, SCREWS AND STUDS
    EN 10164 : 2004 STEEL PRODUCTS WITH IMPROVED DEFORMATION PROPERTIES PERPENDICULAR TO THE SURFACE OF THE PRODUCT - TECHNICAL DELIVERY CONDITIONS
    EN 698 : 1995 FIBRE ROPES FOR GENERAL SERVICE - MANILA AND SISAL
    ENV 1991-2-3 : 1995 EUROCODE 1 - BASIS OF DESIGN AND ACTIONS ON STRUCTURES - SNOW LOADS
    ENV 1991-1 : DRAFT 1994 EUROCODE 1: BASIS OF DESIGN AND ACTIONS ON STRUCTURES - BASIS OF DESIGN
    EN 719 : 1994 WELDING COORDINATION - TASKS AND RESPONSIBILITIES
    ISO 6362-4:2012 Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded rods/bars, tubes and profiles — Part 4: Profiles — Tolerances on shape and dimensions
    EN 696 : 1995 FIBRE ROPES FOR GENERAL SERVICE - POLYAMIDE
    EN 10025:1990/A1:1993 HOT ROLLED PRODUCTS OF NON-ALLOY STRUCTURAL STEELS - TECHNICAL DELIVERY CONDITIONS
    EN 700 : 1995 FIBRE ROPES FOR GENERAL SERVICE - POLYETHYLENE
    ISO 6362-1:2012 Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded rods/bars, tubes and profiles — Part 1: Technical conditions for inspection and delivery
    EN 1050 : 1996 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - PRINCIPLES FOR RISK ASSESSMENT
    EN 292-1 : 1991 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - BASIC CONCEPTS, GENERAL PRINCIPLES FOR DESIGN - BASIC TERMINOLOGY, METHODOLOGY
    EN 60742 : 1995 ISOLATING TRANSFORMERS AND SAFETY ISOLATING TRANSFORMERS - REQUIREMENTS
    EN 24017 : 1991 HEXAGON HEAD SCREWS - PRODUCT GRADES A AND B
    ISO 7413:1984 Hexagon nuts for structural bolting, style 1, hot-dip galvanized (oversize tapped) Product grades A and B Property classes 5, 6 and 8
    HD 384.4.43 : 200S2 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS OF BUILDINGS - PROTECTION FOR SAFETY - CHAPTER 43: PROTECTION AGAINST OVERCURRENT
    EN 287-2:1992/A1:1997 APPROVAL TESTING OF WELDERS - FUSION WELDING - ALUMINIUM AND ALUMINIUM ALLOYS
    EN 24032 : 1991 HEXAGON NUTS, STYLE 1 - PRODUCT GRADES A AND B
    ISO 6362-5:2012 Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded rods/bars, tubes and profiles — Part 5: Round, square and hexagonal bars — Tolerances on shape and dimensions
    EN 24016 : 1991 HEXAGON HEAD BOLTS - PRODUCT GRADE C
    EN 919 : 1995 FIBRE ROPES FOR GENERAL SERVICE - DETERMINATION OF CERTAIN PHYSICAL AND MECHANICAL PROPERTIES
    EN 61496-1:2013/AC:2015 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - ELECTRO-SENSITIVE PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND TESTS (IEC 61496-1:2012)
    ISO 6362-3:2012 Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys — Extruded rods/bars, tubes and profiles — Part 3: Extruded rectangular bars — Tolerances on shape and dimensions
    ENV 1991-2-4 : 1995 EUROCODE 1: BASIS OF DESIGN AND ACTIONS ON STRUCTURES - ACTIONS ON STRUCTURES - WIND ACTIONS (TOGETHER WITH UNITED KINGDOM NATIONAL APPLICATION DOCUMENT)
    EN 10204:2004 Metallic products - Types of inspection documents
    ISO 6309:1987 Fire protection — Safety signs
    EN 10083-1 : 2006 STEELS FOR QUENCHING AND TEMPERING - PART 1: GENERAL TECHNICAL DELIVERY CONDITIONS
    EN 1261:1995 Fibre ropes for general service - Hemp
    EN 983:1996+A1:2008 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR FLUID POWER SYSTEMS AND THEIR COMPONENTS - PNEUMATICS
    EN 954-1 : 1996 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - SAFETY-RELATED PARTS OF CONTROL SYSTEMS - PART 1: GENERAL PRINCIPLES FOR DESIGN
    ISO 209-2:1989 Wrought aluminium and aluminium alloys Chemical composition and forms of products Part 2: Forms of products
    EN 292-2 : 91 AMD 1 95 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - BASIC CONCEPTS, GENERAL PRINCIPLES FOR DESIGN - TECHNICAL PRINCIPLES AND SPECIFICATION
    EN 10084:2008 Case hardening steels - Technical delivery conditions
    EN 24034 : 1991 HEXAGON NUTS - PRODUCT GRADE C
    EN 24014 : 1991 HEXAGON HEAD BOLTS - PRODUCT GRADES A AND B
    ENV 1992-1-1 : DRAFT 91 COR 1992 EUROCODE 2: DESIGN OF CONCRETE STRUCTURES - GENERAL RULES AND RULES FOR BUILDINGS
    EN 10160 : 1999 ULTRASONIC TESTING OF STEEL FLAT PRODUCT OF THICKNESS EQUAL OR GREATER THAN 6 MM (REFLECTION METHOD)
    HD 384.4.473 : 200S1 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATION OF BUILDINGS - PROTECTION FOR SAFETY - APPLICATION OF PROTECTIVE MEASURES FOR SAFETY - MEASURES OF PROTECTION AGAINST OVERCURRENT
    ISO 3755:1991 Cast carbon steels for general engineering purposes
    ENV 1993-1-1:1992/A2:1998 EUROCODE 3 - DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES - GENERAL RULES AND RULES FOR BUILDINGS
    EN 286-1:1998/A2:2005 SIMPLE UNFIRED PRESSURE VESSELS DESIGNED TO CONTAIN AIR OR NITROGEN - PART 1: PRESSURE VESSELS FOR GENERAL PURPOSES
    EN 45004 : 1995 GENERAL CRITERIA FOR THE OPERATION OF VARIOUS TYPES OF BODIES PERFORMING INSPECTION
    EN 25817 : 1992 ARC WELDED JOINTS IN STEEL - GUIDANCE ON QUALITY LEVELS FOR IMPERFECTIONS
    EN 60204-1 : 2006 COR 2010 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT OF MACHINES - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    EN 287-1:2011 QUALIFICATION TEST OF WELDERS - FUSION WELDING - PART 1: STEELS
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