• API 14F : 2008 : R2013

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

    DESIGN, INSTALLATION, AND MAINTENANCE OF ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS FOR FIXED AND FLOATING OFFSHORE PETROLEUM FACILITIES FOR UNCLASSIFIED AND CLASS 1, DIVISION 1 AND DIVISION 2 LOCATIONS

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  17-02-2021

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-01-2013

    Publisher:  American Petroleum Institute

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 General
       1.1 Scope
       1.2 Applicability of National Electrical Code
    2 References
       2.1 Industry Codes, Guides, and Standards
       2.2 Government Codes, Rules, and Regulations
       2.3 Classification Society Rules and Regulations
    3 Acronyms and Abbreviated Definitions
       3.1 Acronyms
       3.2 Definitions, Abbreviated
       3.3 Definitions Specific to Floating Facilities
    4 Electrical Equipment for Hazardous (Classified) Locations
       4.1 General
       4.2 High-temperature Devices
       4.3 Protection Techniques Related To Equipment Installed in
             Locations Classified as Division 1 or Division 2
       4.4 Protection Techniques Related to Equipment Approved for
             Zone 0, Zone 1, or Zone 2 Locations
       4.5 General Purpose Equipment
       4.6 Listing, Marking and Documentation
    5 Electric Power Generating Stations
       5.1 General
       5.2 Prime Movers
       5.3 Generators
       5.4 Generator Packaging Considerations
       5.5 Switchboards
       5.6 Special Requirements for Floating Facilities
    6 Electrical Distribution Systems
       6.1 Scope
       6.2 Voltage Level Selection
       6.3 Conductor Selection
       6.4 Wiring Methods for Classified Locations
       6.5 Wiring Methods for Unclassified Locations
       6.6 Wiring Methods for Drilling and Workover Rigs
       6.7 General Wiring Considerations
       6.8 Conduit and Cable Seals and Sealing Methods
       6.9 Circuit Protection
       6.10 Grounding
       6.11 Electrical Enclosures
       6.12 Working Space About Electrical Equipment and Means of
             Access
       6.13 Additional Requirements for Floating Facilities
    7 Electric Motors
       7.1 General
       7.2 Selection
       7.3 Motor Space Heaters
       7.4 Motor Control
    8 Transformers
       8.1 General
       8.2 Selection
       8.3 Installation
       8.4 Connections
       8.5 Protection
    9 Lighting
       9.1 General
       9.2 Lighting Levels
       9.3 Fixture Selection and Installation
       9.4 Standby Lighting
       9.5 Lighting for Helicopter Operations
    10 Battery-powered DC Supply Systems
       10.1 General
       10.2 Specific Applications
       10.3 Batteries
       10.4 Battery Chargers
       10.5 Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) Systems
    11 Special Systems
       11.1 Electrical Platform Safety Control Systems
       11.2 Gas Detection Systems
       11.3 Fire Detection Systems
       11.4 Aids-to-Navigation Equipment
       11.5 Communications Equipment
       11.6 Heat Trace Systems
       11.7 Fire Pumps
       11.8 Adjustable Frequency Controllers (Variable Frequency
             Drives)
       11.9 Submarine Cables
       11.10 Electric Oil-immersion Heaters
       11.11 Electric Power-operated Boat Winches for Survival Craft
       11.12 Electric Power-operated Water-tight Doors
       11.13 Hull Mechanical Systems Controls
       11.14 Cargo Tanks on Floating Facilities
       11.15 Cargo Handling Rooms on Floating Facilities
       11.16 General Alarm System
       11.17 Cathodic Protection
    12 Special Considerations
       12.1 Construction Practices
       12.2 Electronic Instrumentation
       12.3 Electrical Tools
       12.4 Electrical Appliances
       12.5 Extension Cords
       12.6 Electrical Equipment Buildings
       12.7 Signs
       12.8 Lockout and Tagout Procedures
       12.9 Portable Electronic Devices
    13 System Checkout
       13.1 General
       13.2 Generators and Motors
       13.3 Instrumentation and Control Circuits
    14 Maintenance
    15 Safety
    Annex A (informative) - Inspection Intervals
    Annex B (informative) - ABS Rules For Building and Classing Steel
                            Vessels - 1998, PART 4
    Annex C (informative) - USCG Requirements, 46 CFR, Subchapter J,
                            111.95
    Annex D (informative) - USCG Requirements, 46 CFR, Subchapter J,
                            111.97
    Annex E (informative) - USCG Requirements, 46 CFR, Subchapter J,
                            Subpart 111.105

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Describes minimum requirements and guidelines for the design, installation, and maintenance of electrical systems on fixed and floating petroleum facilities located offshore.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Document Type Standard
    Product Note Reconfirmed 2013
    Publisher American Petroleum Institute
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ANSI C37.12 : 2008 SPECIFICATION GUIDE FOR AC HIGH-VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKERS BASED ON A SYMMETRICAL CURRENT BASIS
    NFPA 91 : 2015 EXHAUST SYSTEMS FOR AIR CONVEYING OF VAPORS, GASES, MISTS, AND PARTICULATE SOLIDS
    CFR 33(PTS125-199) : JUL 2017 NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS
    ISA 60079-7 : 2008 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 7: EQUIPMENT PROTECTION BY INCREASED SAFETY "E"
    IEEE C37.14:2015 DC (3200 V AND BELOW) POWER CIRCUIT BREAKERS USED IN ENCLOSURES
    IEEE C37.20.1:2015 METAL-ENCLOSED LOW-VOLTAGE (1000 VAC AND BELOW, 3200 VDC AND BELOW) POWER CIRCUIT BREAKER SWITCHGEAR
    IEEE 1202 : 2006 FLAME-PROPAGATION TESTING OF WIRE AND CABLE
    CFR 46(PTS90-139) : OCT 2017 SHIPPING - COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION
    CSA C22.2 No. 157 : 1992 INTRINSICALLY SAFE AND NON-INCENDIVE EQUIPMENT FOR USE IN HAZARDOUS LOCATIONS
    API 500 : 2012 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR CLASSIFICATION OF LOCATIONS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS AT PETROLEUM FACILITIES CLASSIFIED AS CLASS 1, DIVISION 1 AND DIVISION 2
    ISA 60079-5 : 1998 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 5: EQUIPMENT PROTECTION BY POWDER FILLING 'Q'
    ISA 12.01.01 : 2009 DEFINITIONS AND INFORMATION PERTAINING TO ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT IN HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS
    UL 514A:11ED 2013-02 Metallic Outlet Boxes
    API 14FZ : 2013 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR DESIGN, INSTALLATION, AND MAINTENANCE OF ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS FOR FIXED AND FLOATING OFFSHORE PETROLEUM FACILITIES FOR UNCLASSIFIED AND CLASS 1, ZONE 0, ZONE 1, AND ZONE 2 LOCATIONS
    UL 50 : 2015 ENCLOSURES FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT, NON-ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS
    UL 62 : 2014 FLEXIBLE CORDS AND CABLES
    C22.1-15 Canadian Electrical Code, Part I (23rd Edition), Safety Standard for Electrical Installations
    UL 1104 : 2 MARINE NAVIGATION LIGHTS
    UL 1072 : 4 MEDIUM-VOLTAGE POWER CABLES
    API RP 14C : 2017 ANALYSIS, DESIGN, INSTALLATION, AND TESTING OF SAFETY SYSTEMS FOR OFFSHORE PRODUCTION FACILITIES
    ISA 12.12.01 : 2007 NONINCENDIVE ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT FOR USE IN CLASS 1 AND 2, DIVISION 2 AND CLASS 3, DIVISIONS 1 AND 2 HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS
    ISA TR12.24.01 : 1998 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR CLASSIFICATION OF LOCATIONS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS CLASSIFIED AS CLASS 1, ZONE 0, ZONE 1, OR ZONE 2
    UL 1558 : 5 METAL-ENCLOSED LOW-VOLTAGE POWER CIRCUIT BREAKER SWITCHGEAR
    UL 844 : 2013 LUMINAIRES FOR USE IN HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS
    ISA RP92.0.02-2 : 1998 INSTALLATION, OPERATION, AND MAINTENANCE OF TOXIC GAS-DETECTION INSTRUMENTS: HYDROGEN SULFIDE
    API 546 : 2008 BRUSHLESS SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES - 500 KVA AND LARGER
    IEEE 841 : 2009 PETROLEUM AND CHEMICAL INDUSTRY - PREMIUM-EFFICIENCY, SEVERE-DUTY, TOTALLY ENCLOSED FAN-COOLED (TEFC) SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS - UP TO AND INCLUDING 370 KW (500 HP)
    UL 674 : 5 ELECTRIC MOTORS AND GENERATORS FOR USE IN HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS
    NFPA 325 : 1994 FIRE HAZARD PROPERTIES OF FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, GASES, AND VOLATILE SOLIDS
    NFPA 101 : 2018 LIFE SAFETY CODE
    UL 913 : 8 INTRINSICALLY SAFE APPARATUS AND ASSOCIATED APPARATUS FOR USE IN CLASS 1, 2, 3, DIVISION 1, HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS
    IES HB 9 : 2000 ERRATA 2006 IESNA LIGHTING HANDBOOK
    UL 2225 : 4 CABLES AND CABLE-FITTINGS FOR USE IN HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS
    UL 347 : 6 MEDIUM-VOLTAGE AC CONTACTORS, CONTROLLERS, AND CONTROL CENTRES
    UL 1042 : 5 ELECTRIC BASEBOARD HEATING EQUIPMENT
    ISA 92.0.01-1 : 1998 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR TOXIC GAS-DETECTION INSTRUMENTS: HYDROGEN SULFIDE
    IEEE C37.20.2 : 2015 METAL-CLAD SWITCHGEAR
    UL 1572 : 4ED REV NOV 99 HIGH INTENSITY DISCHARGE LIGHTING FIXTURES
    NFPA 70B : 2016 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE
    IEEE Y32.9 : 1972 AMERICAN NATIONAL STANDARD GRAPHIC SYMBOLS FOR ELECTRICAL WIRING AND LAYOUT DIAGRAMS USED IN ARCHITECTURE AND BUILDING CONSTRUCTION
    UL 83 : 2017 THERMOPLASTIC-INSULATED WIRES AND CABLES
    NFPA 90A : 2018 INSTALLATION OF AIR-CONDITIONING AND VENTILATING SYSTEMS
    UL 1008 : 8 TRANSFER SWITCH EQUIPMENT
    NFPA 69 : 2014 EXPLOSION PREVENTION SYSTEMS
    API 2003 : 2015 PROTECTION AGAINST IGNITIONS ARISING OUT OF STATIC, LIGHTNING, AND STRAY CURRENTS
    ISA 60079-1 : 2005 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 1: EQUIPMENT PROTECTION BY FLAMEPROOF ENCLOSURES "D"
    IEC 60056:1987 High-voltage alternating-current circuit-breakers
    NACE RP 01 76 : 2003 CORROSION CONTROL OF STEEL FIXED OFFSHORE STRUCTURES ASSOCIATED WITH PETROLEUM PRODUCTION
    NFPA 496 : 2017 PURGED AND PRESSURIZED ENCLOSURES FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
    UL 489 : 2013 MOLDED-CASE CIRCUIT BREAKERS, MOLDED-CASE SWITCHES, AND CIRCUIT-BREAKER ENCLOSURES
    CFR 49(PTS186-199) : 0 TRANSPORTATION
    ICEA P 32 382 : 2007(R2018) SHORT CIRCUIT CHARACTERISTICS OF INSULATED CABLES
    IEC 60050-426:2008 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 426: Equipment for explosive atmospheres
    UL 508 : 1999 INDUSTRIAL CONTROL EQUIPMENT
    ISA 60079-18 : 2005 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 18: EQUIPMENT PROTECTION BY ENCAPSULATION "M"
    UL 514C : 4 NONMETALLIC OUTLET BOXES, FLUSH-DEVICE BOXES, AND COVERS
    UL 595 : 7ED REV SEP 91 MARINE-TYPE ELECTRIC LIGHTING FIXTURES
    NFPA ELEC INSTALLATIONS IN HAZ LOCATIONS : 2008 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS IN HAZARDOUS LOCATIONS
    IEEE 835 : 1994 POWER CABLE AMPACITY TABLES
    UL 1569 : 4 METAL-CLAD CABLES
    EN 60298:1996/A11:1999 A.C. METAL-ENCLOSED SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR FOR RATED VOLTAGES ABOVE 1 KV AND UP TO AND INCLUDING 52 KV
    ISA 60079-11 : 2002 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 11: EQUIPMENT PROTECTION BY INTRINSIC SAFETY 'I'
    ISA 60079-6 : 1998 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 6: EQUIPMENT PROTECTION BY OIL-IMMERSION 'O'
    UL 1309 : 3 MARINE SHIPBOARD CABLE
    IEEE C37.010 : 1999 AC HIGH-VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKERS > 1000 VAC RATED ON A SYMMETRICAL CURRENT BASIS
    IEEE C37.13 : 2015 LOW-VOLTAGE AC POWER CIRCUIT BREAKERS USED IN ENCLOSURES
    ISA 12.13.01 : 2003 PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR COMBUSTIBLE GAS DETECTORS
    ASTM D 4066 : 2013 Standard Classification System for Nylon Injection and Extrusion Materials (PA)
    IEC 60529:1989+AMD1:1999+AMD2:2013 CSV Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)
    ISA TR12.21.01 : 2004 USE OF FIBER OPTIC SYSTEMS IN CLASS 1 HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS
    UL 1203 : 5 EXPLOSION-PROOF AND DUST-IGNITION-PROOF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT FOR USE IN HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS
    UL 1277 : 5 ELECTRICAL POWER AND CONTROL TRAY CABLES WITH OPTIONAL OPTICAL-FIBER MEMBERS
    NFPA 70E : 2018 ELECTRICAL SAFETY IN THE WORKPLACE
    API 505 : 1997 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR CLASSIFICATION OF LOCATIONS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS AT PETROLEUM FACILITIES CLASSIFIED AS CLASS I, ZONE 0, ZONE 1, AND ZONE 2
    IEEE 484-2002 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR INSTALLATION DESIGN AND INSTALLATION OF VENTED LEAD-ACID BATTERIES FOR STATIONARY APPLICATIONS
    NFPA 99 : 2018 HEALTH CARE FACILITIES CODE
    NFPA 70 : 2017 NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE
    CFR 29(PT1910.1000 TO END) : 0 LABOR - OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR
    IEC 60533:2015 Electrical and electronic installations in ships - Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Ships with a metallic hull
    UL 514B : 6 CONDUIT, TUBING, AND CABLE FITTINGS
    FAA AC 70-7460-1 : 2015 OBSTRUCTION MARKING AND LIGHTING
    IEEE 450-2010 IEEE Recommended Practice for Maintenance, Testing, and Replacement of Vented Lead-Acid Batteries for Stationary Applications
    CFR 33(PTS1-124) : JUL 2017 NAVIGATION AND NAVIGABLE WATERS
    IES RP 1 : 2004 PRACTICE FOR OFFICE LIGHTING
    ISA 12.27.01 : 2003 REQUIREMENTS FOR PROCESS SEALING BETWEEN ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS AND FLAMMABLE OR COMBUSTIBLE PROCESS FLUIDS
    ISA 12.20.01 : 2009(R2014) GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRICAL IGNITION SYSTEMS FOR INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES IN CLASS 1, DIVISION 2 OR ZONE 2, HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS
    UL 1571 : 4ED REV NOV 99 INCANDESCENT LIGHTING FIXTURES
    API STD 541 : 2014 FORM-WOUND SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS - 375 KW (500 HORSEPOWER) AND LARGER
    IEEE C37.27-2008 LOW-VOLTAGE AC (635 V AND BELOW) POWER CIRCUIT BREAKERS APPLIED WITH SEPARATELY-MOUNTED CURRENT-LIMITING FUSES
    NFPA 30 : 2018 FLAMMABLE AND COMBUSTIBLE LIQUIDS CODE
    ISA RP12.13.02 : 2003 INSTALLATION, OPERATION, AND MAINTENANCE OF COMBUSTIBLE GAS DETECTION INSTRUMENTS
    UL 13 : 4 POWER-LIMITED CIRCUIT CABLES
    NFPA 77 : 2014 STATIC ELECTRICITY
    UL 783 : 6 ELECTRIC FLASHLIGHTS AND LANTERNS FOR USE IN HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS
    UL 2250 : 3 INSTRUMENTATION TRAY CABLE
    IEEE C57.12.70-2011 STANDARD TERMINAL MARKINGS AND CONNECTIONS FOR DISTRIBUTION AND POWER TRANSFORMERS
    UL 1570 : 4ED REV NOV 99 FLUORESCENT LIGHTING FIXTURES
    CFR 29(PT1926) : 0 LABOR - OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR - SAFETY AND HEALTH REGULATIONS FOR CONSTRUCTION
    NFPA 54 : 2018 NATIONAL FUEL GAS CODE
    CFR 30(PTS200-699) : JUL 2017 MINERAL RESOURCES - DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR
    API 14G : 2007 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR FIRE PREVENTION AND CONTROL ON FIXED OPEN-TYPE OFFSHORE PRODUCTION PLATFORMS
    NFPA 37 : 2018 INSTALLATION AND USE OF STATIONARY COMBUSTION ENGINES AND GAS TURBINES
    IEC 60947-2:2016 Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 2: Circuit-breakers
    ISA 12.10.05 : 2004 ELECTRICAL APPARATUS FOR USE IN ZONE 20, ZONE 21 AND ZONE 22 HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS - CLASSIFICATION OF ZONE 20, ZONE 21 AND ZONE 22 HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS
    ISA 12.04.01 : 2003 ELECTRICAL APPARATUS FOR EXPLOSIVE GAS ATMOSPHERES - PART 2: PRESSURIZED ENCLOSURES "P"
    IEEE 1242 : 1999 GUIDE FOR SPECIFYING AND SELECTING POWER, CONTROL AND SPECIAL-PURPOSE CABLE FOR PETROLEUM AND CHEMICAL PLANTS
    NFPA 78 : 1989 LIGHTNING PROTECTION CODE
    IEC 60331:1970 Fire-resisting characteristics of electric cables
    IEEE 515-2011 TESTING, DESIGN, INSTALLATION, AND MAINTENANCE OF ELECTRICAL RESISTANCE TRACE HEATING FOR INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
    API 547 : 2017 GENERAL PURPOSE FORM-WOUND SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS - 185 KW (250 HP) THROUGH 2240 KW (3000 HP)
    ISA 60079-0 : 2005 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 0: EQUIPMENT - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    ISA 51.1 : 1979 PROCESS INSTRUMENTATION TERMINOLOGY
    ISA TR12.06.01 : 1999 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT IN A CLASS 1, DIVISION 2/ZONE 2 HAZARDOUS LOCATION
    ISA 5.1 : 1984 INSTRUMENTATION SYMBOLS AND IDENTIFICATION
    IEC 60068-2-52:2017 Environmental testing - Part 2-52: Tests - Test Kb: Salt mist, cyclic (sodium chloride solution)
    UL 1096 : 86 REV JAN 88 ELECTRIC CENTRAL AIR HEATING EQUIPMENT
    IEEE C37.04 : 1999 IEEE STANDARD RATING STRUCTURE FOR AC HIGH-VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKERS RATED ON A SYMMETRICAL CURRENT BASIS
    IEEE 485 : 2010 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR SIZING LEAD-ACID BATTERIES FOR STATIONARY APPLICATIONS
    UL 44 : 2018 THERMOSET-INSULATED WIRES AND CABLES
    ISA RP12.06.01 : 2003 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR WIRING METHODS FOR HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS INSTRUMENTATION - PART 1: INTRINSIC SAFETY
    IEEE 303-2004 IEEE Recommended Practice for Auxiliary Devices for Rotating Electrical Machines in Class I, Division 2 and Zone 2 Locations
    ISA 60079-15 : 2003 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 15: EQUIPMENT PROTECTION BY TYPE OF PROTECTION "N"
    IEC 60298:1990 A.C. metal-enclosed switchgear and controlgear for rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV
    NFPA 497 : 2017 CLASSIFICATION OF FLAMMABLE LIQUIDS, GASES, OR VAPORS AND OF HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS IN CHEMICAL PROCESS AREAS
    CSA PLUS 2203 : 2001 HAZARDOUS LOCATIONS - GUIDE FOR THE DESIGN, TESTING, CONSTRUCTION, AND INSTALLATION OF EQUIPMENT IN EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES
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