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API 670 : 2014

Superseded

Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

View Superseded by
superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

MACHINERY PROTECTION SYSTEMS

Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

18-05-2022

Language(s)

English

Published date

01-11-2014

1 Scope
2 Normative References
3 Terms, Definitions, Acronyms, and Abbreviations
4 General Design Specifications
5 Sensors and Transducers
6 Sensor and Transducer Arrangements
7 Vibration Monitor Systems
8 Electronic Overspeed Detection System
9 Surge Detection Systems
10 Emergency Shutdown Systems (ESDs)
11 Inspection, Testing, and Preparation for Shipment
12 Vendor's Data
Annex A (informative) - Machinery Protection System Datasheets
Annex B (informative) - Typical Responsibility Matrix Worksheet
Annex C (normative) - Accelerometer Application Considerations
Annex D (normative) - Signal Cable
Annex E (normative) - Gearbox Casing Vibration Considerations
Annex F (normative) - Field Testing and Documentation Requirements
Annex G (informative) - Contract Drawing and Data Requirements
Annex H (informative) - Typical System Arrangement Plans
Annex I (informative) - Setpoint Multiplier Considerations
Annex J (normative) - Electronic Overspeed Detection System
        Considerations
Annex K (informative) - Surge Detection and Antisurge Control
Annex L (informative) - Safety Integrity Level
Annex M (informative) - Considerations Regarding Spurious Shutdowns
        and the Use of Functional Safety Methodology to Reduce
        Economic Losses
Annex N (informative) - Condition Monitoring
Annex O (normative) - Overspeed
Annex P (informative) - Reciprocating Compressor Monitoring
Annex Q (informative) - Considerations when Using Wireless
        Connectivity Technologies
Bibliography

Describes the minimum requirements for a machinery protection system measuring radial shaft vibration, casing vibration, shaft axial position, shaft rotational speed, piston rod drop, phase reference, overspeed, and critical machinery temperatures (such as bearing metal and motor windings).

DocumentType
Standard
Pages
256
ProductNote
This product is unavailable in Cuba, Iran, North Korea, Syria
PublisherName
American Petroleum Institute
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

Standards Relationship
NFE 90 301 : 78 FD Corresponds
ISO 3945:1985 Corresponds
NFE 90 300 : 78 FD Corresponds
ISO 2372:1974 Corresponds
VDI 2056:1964-10 Corresponds

ISO 13707:2000 Petroleum and natural gas industries Reciprocating compressors
API 618 : 2007 RECIPROCATING COMPRESSORS FOR PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL, AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
API 677 :2006 GENERAL-PURPOSE GEAR UNITS FOR PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
API 685 : 2011 SEALLESS CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS FOR PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL, AND GAS INDUSTRY PROCESS SERVICE
API 673 : 2014 CENTRIFUGAL FANS FOR PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL, AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
I.S. EN ISO 10439-2:2015 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - AXIAL AND CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS AND EXPANDER-COMPRESSORS - PART 2: NON-INTEGRALLY GEARED CENTRIFUGAL AND AXIAL COMPRESSORS (ISO 10439-2:2015)
API 618 : 2007 : R2016 RECIPROCATING COMPRESSORS FOR PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL, AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
API RP 14C : 2017 ANALYSIS, DESIGN, INSTALLATION, AND TESTING OF SAFETY SYSTEMS FOR OFFSHORE PRODUCTION FACILITIES
API 616 : 2011 GAS TURBINES FOR THE PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL, AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
API 619 : 2010 ROTARY-TYPE POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT COMPRESSORS FOR PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES
API 11PGT : 1992 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR PACKAGED COMBUSTION GAS TURBINES
BS EN ISO 10442:2002 Petroleum, chemical and gas service industries. Packaged, integrally geared centrifugal air compressors
BS EN ISO 10439:2002 Petroleum, chemical and gas service industries. Centrifugal compressors
BS EN ISO 10437:2003 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries. Steam turbines. Special-purpose applications
14/30244780 DC : 0 BS ISO 19859 - GAS TURBINE APPLICATIONS - REQUIREMENTS FOR POWER GENERATION
ASME OM : 2017 OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE OF NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS
I.S. EN ISO 10439:2002 PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL AND GAS SERVICE INDUSTRIES - CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS
I.S. EN ISO 10439-3:2015 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - AXIAL AND CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS AND EXPANDER-COMPRESSORS - PART 3: INTEGRALLY GEARED CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS (ISO 10439-3:2015)
BS EN ISO 10439-4:2015 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries. Axial and centrifugal compressors and expander-compressors Expander-compressors
API 676 REDLINE : 2009 POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS - ROTARY
96/706683 DC : MAY 96 ISO 13707 RECIPROCATING COMPRESSORS FOR THE PETROLEUM AND GAS INDUSTRIES
API 681 : 1996 : R2010 LIQUID RING VACUUM PUMPS AND COMPRESSORS FOR PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL, AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
10/30231436 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 10439-2 - PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - AXIAL AND CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS AND EXPANDER-COMPRESSORS - PART 2: NON-INTEGRALLY GEARED CENTRIFUGAL AND AXIAL COMPRESSORS
BS EN ISO 10439-3:2015 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries. Axial and centrifugal compressors and expander-compressors Integrally geared centrifugal compressors
API 672 : 2004 PACKAGED, INTEGRALLY GEARED CENTRIFUGAL AIR COMPRESSORS FOR PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL, AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
API 9100B : 1998 GUIDANCE DOCUMENT FOR MODEL EHS MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
BS EN ISO 13709:2003 Centrifugal pumps for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries
BS EN ISO 10440-2:2001 Petroleum and natural gas industries. Rotary-type positive-displacement compressors Packaged air compressors (oil-free)
ISO 19859:2016 Gas turbine applications Requirements for power generation
I.S. EN ISO 10440-1:2007 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - ROTARY TYPE POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT COMPRESSORS - PART 1: PROCESS COMPRESSORS
10/30231440 DC : 0 BS EN ISO 10439-3 - PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - AXIAL AND CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS AND EXPANDER-COMPRESSORS - PART 3: INTEGRALLY GEARED CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS
04/30114086 DC : DRAFT JUL 2004 EN ISO 10440-1 - PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - ROTARY-TYPE POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT COMPRESSORS - PART 1: PROCESS COMPRESSORS (OIL-FREE)
API 677 : 2006 : R2010 GENERAL-PURPOSE GEAR UNITS FOR PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
API 611 : 2008 : R2014 GENERAL-PURPOSE STEAM TURBINES FOR PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL, AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
API STD 541 : 2014 FORM-WOUND SQUIRREL CAGE INDUCTION MOTORS - 375 KW (500 HORSEPOWER) AND LARGER
API 613:2003 SPECIAL PURPOSE GEAR UNITS FOR PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
API 687 : 2001 ROTOR REPAIR
NORSOK I 001 : 2010 FIELD INSTRUMENTATION
API 612 : 2014 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL, AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - STEAM TURBINES - SPECIAL-PURPOSE APPLICATIONS
ISO 10436:1993 Petroleum and natural gas industries — General-purpose steam turbines for refinery service
ISO 10440-2:2001 Petroleum and natural gas industries Rotary-type positive-displacement compressors Part 2: Packaged air compressors (oil-free)
ISO 10439-4:2015 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries Axial and centrifugal compressors and expander-compressors Part 4: Expander-compressors
ISO 13631:2002 Petroleum and natural gas industries Packaged reciprocating gas compressors
API STD 612:2020 Petroleum, Petrochemical, and Natural Gas Industries - Steam Turbines - Special-purpose Applications
UNI EN ISO 10440-1 : 2008 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - ROTARY-TYPE POSITIVE-DISPLACEMENT COMPRESSORS - PART 1: PROCESS COMPRESSORS
API 685 REDLINE : 2011 SEALLESS CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS FOR PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL, AND GAS INDUSTRY PROCESS SERVICE
BS EN ISO 10439-2:2015 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries. Axial and centrifugal compressors and expander-compressors Non-integrally geared centrifugal and axial compressors
BS ISO 13373-1:2002 Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines. Vibration condition monitoring General procedures
ANSI S2.17 : 0 TECHNIQUES OF MACHINERY VIBRATION MEASUREMENT
API 611 : 2008 GENERAL-PURPOSE STEAM TURBINES FOR PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL, AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
API 616 REDLINE : 2011 GAS TURBINES FOR THE PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL, AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
API STD 676 : 2009 POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS - ROTARY
API 676 CHINESE : 2009 POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS - ROTARY
API 546 : 2008 BRUSHLESS SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES - 500 KVA AND LARGER
API 681 : 1996 LIQUID RING VACUUM PUMPS AND COMPRESSORS FOR PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL, AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
API 676 : 2009 : R2015 POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT PUMPS - ROTARY
API 610 REDLINE : 2010 CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS FOR PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES
API 691 : 2017 RISK-BASED MACHINERY MANAGEMENT
I.S. EN ISO 10439-4:2015 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - AXIAL AND CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS AND EXPANDER-COMPRESSORS - PART 4: EXPANDER-COMPRESSORS (ISO 10439-4:2015)
I.S. EN ISO 13709:2009 CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS FOR PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES
BS EN ISO 13691:2002 Petroleum and natural gas industries. High-speed special-purpose gear units
ISO 10439:2002 Petroleum, chemical and gas service industries Centrifugal compressors
BS EN ISO 10440-1:2001 Petroleum and natural gas industries. Rotary-type positive-displacement compressors Process compressors (oil-free)
ISO 10437:2003 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries — Steam turbines — Special-purpose applications
BS ISO 19859:2016 Gas turbine applications. Requirements for power generation
ISO 10442:2002 Petroleum, chemical and gas service industries Packaged, integrally geared centrifugal air compressors
ISO 13691:2001 Petroleum and natural gas industries — High-speed special-purpose gear units
ISO 10440-1:2007 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries — Rotary-type positive-displacement compressors — Part 1: Process compressors
EN ISO 13709:2009 Centrifugal pumps for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries (ISO 13709:2009)
EN ISO 10440-2:2001 Petroleum and natural gas industries - Rotary-type positive-displacement compressors - Part 2: Packaged air compressors (oil-free) (ISO 10440-2:2001)
EN ISO 10437:2003 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Steam turbines - Special-purpose applications (ISO 10437:2003)
EN ISO 10439-3:2015 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Axial and centrifugal compressors and expander-compressors - Part 3: Integrally geared centrifugal compressors (ISO 10439-3:2015)
EN ISO 10439-2:2015 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Axial and centrifugal compressors and expander-compressors - Part 2: Non-integrally geared centrifugal and axial compressors (ISO 10439-2:2015)
EN ISO 13691:2002 Petroleum and natural gas industries - High-speed special-purpose gear units (ISO 13691:2001)
EN ISO 13631:2002 Petroleum and natural gas industries - Packaged reciprocating gas compressors (ISO 13631:2002)
EN ISO 10442:2002 Petroleum, chemical and gas service industries - Packaged, integrally geared centrifugal air compressors (ISO 10442:2002)
EN ISO 10439-4:2015 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Axial and centrifugal compressors and expander-compressors - Part 4: Expander-compressors(ISO 10439-4:2015)
EN ISO 10440-1:2007 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - Rotary-type positive-displacement compressors - Part 1: Process compressors (ISO 10440-1:2007)
EN ISO 10439:2002 Petroleum, chemical and gas service industries - Centrifugal compressors (ISO 10439:2002)
API 687 : 2001 : R2009 ROTOR REPAIR
API 677 : 2006 : R2016 GENERAL-PURPOSE GEAR UNITS FOR PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
API 611 REDLINE : 2008 GENERAL-PURPOSE STEAM TURBINES FOR PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL, AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
09/30171555 DC : DRAFT SEP 2009 BS EN ISO 10437 - PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - STEAM TURBINES - SPECIAL-PURPOSE APPLICATIONS
IEEE 1068-2015 REDLINE IEEE Standard for the Repair and Rewinding of AC Electric Motors in the Petroleum, Chemical, and Process Industries
API 617 : 2014 AXIAL AND CENTRIFUGAL COMPRESSORS AND EXPANDER-COMPRESSORS
API 687 : 2001 : R2015 ROTOR REPAIR
API 619 REDLINE : 2010 ROTARY-TYPE POSITIVE DISPLACEMENT COMPRESSORS FOR PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES
API 610 : 2010 CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS FOR PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES
ISO 13373-1:2002 Condition monitoring and diagnostics of machines — Vibration condition monitoring — Part 1: General procedures
BS ISO 13691 : 2001 AMD 14307 PETROLEUM AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - HIGH-SPEED SPECIAL-PURPOSE GEAR UNITS
ISO 10439-2:2015 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries Axial and centrifugal compressors and expander-compressors Part 2: Non-integrally geared centrifugal and axial compressors
BS EN ISO 13631:2002 Petroleum and natural gas industries. Packaged reciprocating gas compressors
ISO 10439-3:2015 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries Axial and centrifugal compressors and expander-compressors Part 3: Integrally geared centrifugal compressors
ISO 13709:2009 Centrifugal pumps for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries

NEMA MG 1 : 2016 MOTORS AND GENERATORS
API 616 : 2011 GAS TURBINES FOR THE PETROLEUM, CHEMICAL, AND GAS INDUSTRY SERVICES
NEMA 250 : 2014 ENCLOSURES FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT (1000 VOLTS MAXIMUM)
ISA S12.1 : 1991 DEFINITIONS AND INFORMATION PERTAINING TO ELECTRICAL INSTRUMENTS IN HAZARDOUS (CLASSIFIED) LOCATIONS
WC 5-1992 THERMOPLASTIC-INSULATED WIRE AND CABLE FOR THE TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY
NFPA 496 : 2017 PURGED AND PRESSURIZED ENCLOSURES FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT
MIL C 39012 : C GENERAL SPECIFICATION FOR RADIO FREQUENCY COAXIAL CONNECTORS
ANSI MC96.1 : 1982 TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENT THERMOCOUPLES
API 552 : 1994 TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS
ISO 21789:2009 Gas turbine applications — Safety
EN 61000-6-2:2005/corrigendum:2005 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 6-2: GENERIC STANDARDS - IMMUNITY FOR INDUSTRIAL ENVIRONMENTS (IEC 61000-6-2:2005)
NFPA 70 : 2017 NATIONAL ELECTRICAL CODE
API 612 : 2014 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL, AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - STEAM TURBINES - SPECIAL-PURPOSE APPLICATIONS
API 610 : 2010 CENTRIFUGAL PUMPS FOR PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES
MIL C 39012/5 : G CONNECTORS, PLUG, ELECTRICAL, COAXIAL, RADIO FREQUENCY, (SERIES N (CABLED) RIGHT ANGLE, PIN CONTACT, CLASS 2)
ISA S12.4 : 1970 INSTRUMENT PURGING FOR REDUCTION OF HAZARDOUS AREA CLASSIFICATION
IEC 62061:2005+AMD1:2012+AMD2:2015 CSV Safety of machinery - Functional safety of safety-related electrical, electronic and programmable electronic control systems
ASTM D 6224 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Practice for In-Service Monitoring of Lubricating Oil for Auxiliary Power Plant Equipment

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