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BS EN IEC 61400-12-2:2013

Superseded

Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

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superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Wind turbines Power performance of electricity-producing wind turbines based on nacelle anemometry

Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Superseded date

24-10-2022

Language(s)

English

Published date

31-10-2016

This part of IEC61400‑12 specifies a procedure for verifying the power performance characteristics of a single electricity-producing, horizontal axis wind turbine, which is not considered to be a small wind turbine per IEC61400‑2 . It is expected that this standard will be used when the specific operational or contractual specifications may not comply with the requirements set forth in IEC61400‑12‑1:2005 . The procedure can be used for power performance evaluation of specific turbines at specific locations, but equally the methodology can be used to make generic comparisons between different turbine models or different turbine settings. The wind turbine power performance characterised by the measured power curve and the estimated AEP based on nacelle-measured wind speed will be affected by the turbine rotor (i.e. speeded up or slowed down wind speed). The nacelle-measured wind speed shall be corrected for this flow distortion effect. Procedures for determining that correction will be included in the methodology. In IEC61400‑12‑1:2005 , an anemometer is located on a meteorological tower that is located between two and four rotor diameters upwind of the test turbine. This location allows direct measurement of the ‘ free’ wind with minimum interference from the test turbine’s rotor. In this IEC61400‑12‑2 procedure, the anemometer is located on or near the test turbine’s nacelle. In this location, the anemometer is measuring wind speed that is strongly affected by the test turbine’s rotor and the nacelle. This procedure includes methods for determining and applying appropriate corrections for this interference. However, it should be noted that these corrections inherently increase the measurement uncertainty compared to a properly-configured test conducted in accordance with IEC61400‑12‑1:2005 . This IEC61400‑12‑2 standard describes how to characterise a wind turbine’s power performance in terms of a measured power curve and the estimated AEP. The measured power curve is determined by collecting simultaneous measurements of nacelle-measured wind speed and power output for a period that is long enough to establish a statistically significant database over a range of wind speeds and under varying wind and atmospheric conditions. In order to accurately measure the power curve, the nacelle-measured wind speed is adjusted using a transfer function to estimate the free stream wind speed. The procedure to measure and validate such a transfer function is presented herein. The AEP is calculated by applying the measured power curve to the reference wind speed frequency distributions, assuming 100%availability. The procedure also provides guidance on determination of measurement uncertainty including assessment of uncertainty sources and recommendations for combining them into uncertainties in reported power and AEP.

Committee
PEL/88
DevelopmentNote
Supersedes 11/30148668 DC. (08/2013)
DocumentType
Standard
Pages
106
PublisherName
British Standards Institution
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

Standards Relationship
EN 61400-12-2:2013 Identical
EN 61400-12-2:2013/AC:2016-10 Identical
IEC 61400-12-2:2013 Identical
IEC 61400-12-2:2013/COR1:2016 Identical

EN 60688:2013 Electrical measuring transducers for converting A.C. and D.C. electrical quantities to analogue or digital signals
ISO/IEC 17025:2005 General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories
IEC 61869-3:2011 Instrument transformers - Part 3: Additional requirements for inductive voltage transformers
IEC 61400-12-1:2017 Wind energy generation systems - Part 12-1: Power performance measurements of electricity producing wind turbines
IEC 61869-2:2012 Instrument transformers - Part 2: Additional requirements for current transformers
IEC 60688:2012 Electrical measuring transducers for converting A.C. and D.C. electrical quantities to analogue or digital signals
EN 61869-3 : 2011 INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS - PART 3: ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR INDUCTIVE VOLTAGE TRANSFORMERS (IEC 61869-3:2011)
EN 61869-2 : 2012 INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS - PART 2: ADDITIONAL REQUIREMENTS FOR CURRENT TRANSFORMERS
ISO 2533:1975 Standard Atmosphere
EN 61400-12-1:2017 Wind energy generation systems - Part 12-1: Power performance measurement of electricity producing wind turbines
ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008 Uncertainty of measurement — Part 3: Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement (GUM:1995)

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