• BS ISO 2314:2009

    Current The latest, up-to-date edition.

    Gas turbines. Acceptance tests

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  31-01-2010

    Publisher:  British Standards Institution

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 Scope
    2 Normative references
    3 Terms and definitions
    4 Test boundary
    5 Symbols
    6 Preparation for tests
    7 Conductance of test
    8 Computation of results
    9 Test report
    Annex A (informative) - Uncertainty
    Annex B (informative) - Example calculation of exhaust mass
            flow rate and turbine inlet temperature energy balance

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Pertains to open-cycle gas-turbine power plants using combustion systems supplied with gaseous and/or liquid fuels as well as closed-cycle and semi-closed-cycle gas-turbine power plants.

    Scope - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This International Standard applies to open-cycle gas-turbine power plants using combustion systems supplied with gaseous and/or liquid fuels as well as closed-cycle and semi-closed-cycle gas-turbine power plants. It can also be applied to gas turbines in combined cycle power plants or in connection with other heat-recovery systems. In cases of gas turbines using free-piston gas generators or special heat sources (for example synthetic gas of chemical processes, blast furnace gas), this International Standard can be used as a basis but suitable modifications are necessary. Acceptance tests of gas turbines with emission control and/or power augmentation devices that are based on fluid injection and/or inlet air treatment are also covered by this International Standard and it is necessary that they be considered in the test procedure, provided that such systems are included in the contractual scope of the supply subject to testing. Comparative testing can be subject to many different scenarios, depending on the purpose of the conducted measures. This International Standard can also be applied to comparative tests designed to verify performance differentials of the gas turbine, primarily for testing before and after modifications, upgrades or overhaul, although no special reference is made to these topics. This International Standard also includes procedures for the determination of the following performance parameters, corrected to the reference operating parameters: electrical or mechanical power output (gas power, if only gas is supplied); thermal efficiency or heat rate; turbine exhaust energy (optionally exhaust temperature and flow). It is necessary that any other performance parameters defined in the contract between equipment supplier and purchaser be considered accordingly in the specific test procedure as well as in the supplier\'s standard manufacturing test procedure. This International Standard describes measurement methods and corresponding instruments employed and their calibration arrangement and handling. It includes provisions for preparing and conducting a performance test, defines operating conditions of the gas turbine, boundary conditions and their limits as well as standard conditions (3.9) that should be used as a reference if no other conditions are agreed at the time of purchase. Furthermore, it contains provisions for the measurement data recording and handling, methods for the calculation and correction of the test results as well as the development of the uncertainty thereof. Test tolerance is not addressed in this International Standard, because it is considered a commercial term not based on statistical analysis of measurement results. It is necessary that the methodology on how to apply tolerances for the demonstration of compliance with the guaranteed values be defined in the contract. For the optional test to determine exhaust energy and/or flow, these values are determined from an energy balance around the gas turbine. Uncertainty values can be minimized by achieving the limits defined in this International Standard for the key parameters in the energy balance. This International Standard does not apply to the following: emission testing; noise testing; vibration testing; performance of specific components of the gas turbine; performance of power augmentation devices and auxiliary systems, such as air inlet cooling devices, fuel gas compressors, etc.; conduct test work aiming at development and research; adequacy of essential protective devices; performance of the governing system and protective systems; operating characteristics (starting characteristics, reliability testing, etc.).

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee MCE/16
    Development Note Supersedes BS 3135(1989) & 07/30170559 DC. (02/2010)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher British Standards Institution
    Status Current

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ISO 10715:1997 Natural gas — Sampling guidelines
    ISO 6976:2016 Natural gas — Calculation of calorific values, density, relative density and Wobbe indices from composition
    ISO 3675:1998 Crude petroleum and liquid petroleum products Laboratory determination of density Hydrometer method
    ISO 3977-1:1997 Gas turbines — Procurement — Part 1: General introduction and definitions
    ISO 11086:1996 Gas turbines — Vocabulary
    ISO 3977-9:1999 Gas turbines Procurement Part 9: Reliability, availability, maintainability and safety
    ISO 6975:1997 Natural gas — Extended analysis — Gas-chromatographic method
    ISO 2533:1975 Standard Atmosphere
    DIN 51900-1:2000-04 Determining the gross calorific value of solid and liquid fuels using the bomb calorimeter, and calculation of net calorific value - Part 1: General information
    ISO/IEC Guide 99:2007 International vocabulary of metrology Basic and general concepts and associated terms (VIM)
    VDI 4670 Blatt 1:2016-04 Thermodynamic properties of humid air and combustion gases
    ISO 3733:1999 Petroleum products and bituminous materials — Determination of water — Distillation method
    ISO 6245:2001 Petroleum products — Determination of ash
    IEC 60751:2008 Industrial platinum resistance thermometers and platinum temperature sensors
    ISO 6974-1:2012 Natural gas — Determination of composition and associated uncertainty by gas chromatography — Part 1: General guidelines and calculation of composition
    ISO 20846:2011 Petroleum products Determination of sulfur content of automotive fuels Ultraviolet fluorescence method
    ISO 14596:2007 Petroleum products — Determination of sulfur content — Wavelength-dispersive X-ray fluorescence spectrometry
    ASTM D 5291 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Methods for Instrumental Determination of Carbon, Hydrogen, and Nitrogen in Petroleum Products and Lubricants
    ISO 12213-2:2006 Natural gas Calculation of compression factor Part 2: Calculation using molar-composition analysis
    ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008 Uncertainty of measurement — Part 3: Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement (GUM:1995)
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