• EN 60193:1999

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

    Hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines - Model acceptance tests

    Available format(s): 

    Superseded date:  20-06-2019

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  09-12-1999

    Publisher:  European Committee for Standards - Electrical

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    FOREWORD
    1 General rules
      1.1 Scope and object
      1.2 Normative references
      1.3 Terms, definitions, symbols and units
      1.4 Nature and extent of guarantees related to
           hydraulic performance
    2 Execution of tests
      2.1 Requirements of test installation and model
      2.2 Dimensional check of model and prototype
      2.3 Hydraulic similitude, test conditions and test
           procedures
      2.4 Introduction to the methods of measurement
      2.5 Physical properties
    3 Main hydraulic performances: methods of measurement and
      results
      3.1 Data acquisition and data processing
      3.2 Discharge measurement
      3.3 Pressure measurement
      3.4 Free water level measurement
      3.5 Determination of E and NPSE
      3.6 Shaft torque measurement
      3.7 Rotational speed measurement
      3.8 Computation of test results
      3.9 Error analysis
      3.10 Comparison with guarantees
    4 Additional performance data - Methods of measurement
      and results
      4.1 Introduction to additional data measurement
      4.2 Data acquisition and processing for measurement of
           fluctuating quantities
      4.3 Pressure fluctuations
      4.4 Shaft torque fluctuations
      4.5 Axial and radial thrust
      4.6 Hydraulic loads on control components
      4.7 Testing in an extended operating range
      4.8 Differential pressure measurement in view of
           prototype index test
    Annex A (informative) - Dimensionless terms
    Annex B (normative) - Physical properties, data
    Annex C (informative) - Derivation of the equation for the
                            specific hydraulic energy of a
                            machine
    Annex D (informative) - Influence of the density of actual
                            water rho[wa] on measurement and calibration
    Annex E (informative) - Summarized test and calculation procedure
    Annex F (normative) - Scale-up of the hydraulic efficiency of
                          reaction machines
    Annex G (normative) - Computation of the prototype runaway
                          characteristics taking into account
                          friction and windage losses of the unit
    Annex H (informative) - Example of determination of the best
                            smooth curve: method of separate segments
    Annex J (informative) - Examples analysis of sources of error and
                            uncertainty evaluation
    Annex K (normative) - Efficiency scale-up for Pelton turbines
    Annex L (normative) - Analysis of random uncertainties for a
                          test at constant operating conditions
    Annex M (normative) - Calculation of plant Thoma number sigma[pl]
    Annex N (informative) - Detailed flux diagram of specific
                            hydraulic energy, flow and power
    Annex P (informative) - Bibliography
    Annex ZA (normative) - Normative references to international
                           publications with their corresponding
                           European publications

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEC 60193:1999 applies to laboratory models of any type of impulse or reaction hydraulic turbine, storage pump or pump-turbine. This standard applies to models of prototype machines either with unit power greater than 5 MW or with reference diameter greater than 3 m. Full application of the procedures herein prescribed is not generally justified for machines with smaller power and size. Nevertheless, this standard may be used for such machines by agreement between purchaser and supplier. In this standard, the term "turbine" includes a pump-turbine operating as a turbine and the term "pump" includes a pump-turbine operating as a pump. This standard excludes all matters of purely commercial interest, except those inextricably bound up with the conduct of the tests. This standard is concerned with neither the structural details of the machines nor the mechanical properties of their components, so long as these do not affect model performance or the relationship between model and prototype performances.The main objectives of this standard are:– to define the terms and quantities used;– to specify methods of testing and of measuring the quantities involved, in order to ascertain the hydraulic performance of the model;– to specify the methods of computation of results and of comparison with guarantees;– to determine if the contract guarantees, which fall within the scope of this standard, have been fulfilled;– to define the extent, content and structure of the final report.The guarantees can be given in one of the following ways:– guarantees for prototype hydraulic performance, computed from model test results considering scale effects;– guarantees for model hydraulic performance.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee CLC/SR 4
    Development Note Supersedes EN 60995. (05/2001)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher European Committee for Standards - Electrical
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    BS EN 62097:2009 Hydraulic machines, radial and axial. Performance conversion method from model to prototype
    08/30165047 DC : DRAFT JUNE 2008 BS EN ISO 9906 - ROTODYNAMIC PUMPS - HYDRAULIC PERFORMANCE ACCEPTANCE TESTS
    I.S. EN 60308:2005 HYDRAULIC TURBINES - TESTING OF CONTROL SYSTEMS
    EN 60609-1:2005 Hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines - Cavitation pitting evaluation - Part 1: Evaluation in reaction turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines
    EN 60308:2005 Hydraulic turbines - Testing of control systems
    UNE-EN 62006:2011 Hydraulic machines - Acceptance tests of small hydroelectric installations
    I.S. EN 62097:2009 HYDRAULIC MACHINES, RADIAL AND AXIAL - PERFORMANCE CONVERSION METHOD FROM MODEL TO PROTOTYPE
    CEI EN 60308 : 2005 HYDRAULIC TURBINES - TESTING OF CONTROL SYSTEMS
    EN 62006:2011 Hydraulic machines - Acceptance tests of small hydroelectric installations
    BS EN 60308:2005 Hydraulic turbines. Testing of control systems
    CEI EN 62006 : 2011 HYDRAULIC MACHINES - ACCEPTANCE TESTS OF SMALL HYDROELECTRIC INSTALLATIONS
    I.S. EN 62006:2011 HYDRAULIC MACHINES - ACCEPTANCE TESTS OF SMALL HYDROELECTRIC INSTALLATIONS
    EN 62097:2009 Hydraulic machines, radial and axial - Performance conversion method from model to prototype
    BS EN 62006:2011 Hydraulic machines. Acceptance tests of small hydroelectric installations
    CEI EN 62097 : 2010 HYDRAULIC MACHINES, RADIAL AND AXIAL - PERFORMANCE CONVERSION METHOD FROM MODEL TO PROTOTYPE
    I.S. EN 60609-1:2005 HYDRAULIC TURBINES, STORAGE PUMPS AND PUMP-TURBINES - CAVITATION PITTING EVALUATION - PART 1: EVALUATION IN REACTION TURBINES, STORAGE PUMPS AND PUMP-TURBINES

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    EN 24185:1993/AC:1993 MEASUREMENT OF LIQUID FLOW IN CLOSED CONDUITS - WEIGHING METHOD
    ISO 7066-2:1988 Assessment of uncertainty in the calibration and use of flow measurement devices — Part 2: Non-linear calibration relationships
    ISO 5168:2005 Measurement of fluid flow — Procedures for the evaluation of uncertainties
    ISO 4373:2008 Hydrometry Water level measuring devices
    EN 29104 : 1993 MEASUREMENT OF FLUID FLOW IN CLOSED CONDUITS - METHODS OF EVALUATING THE PERFORMANCE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FLOW-METERS FOR LIQUIDS
    EN 24006:1993 Measurement of fluid flow in closed conduits - Vocabulary and symbols (ISO 4006:1991)
    EN 60609-2:1999 Cavitation pitting evaluation in hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines - Part 2: Evaluation in Pelton turbines
    EN ISO 6817:1995 Measurement of conductive liquid flow in closed conduits - Methods using electromagnetic flow-meters (ISO 6817:1992)
    IEC TR 61364:1999 Nomenclature for hydroelectric powerplant machinery
    ISO 7066-1:1989 Assessment of uncertainty in the calibration and use of flow measurement devices Part 1: Linear calibration relationships
    ISO 2533:1975 Standard Atmosphere
    IEC 60041:1991 Field acceptance tests to determine the hydraulic performance of hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines
    ISO/IEC Guide 99:2007 International vocabulary of metrology Basic and general concepts and associated terms (VIM)
    EN 60041:1994 Field acceptance tests to determine the hydraulic performance of hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines
    ISO 8316:1987 Measurement of liquid flow in closed conduits Method by collection of the liquid in a volumetric tank
    ISO 468:1982 Surface roughness — Parameters, their values and general rules for specifying requirements
    ISO 6817:1992 Measurement of conductive liquid flow in closed conduits Method using electromagnetic flowmeters
    ISO 5167-1:2003 Measurement of fluid flow by means of pressure differential devices inserted in circular cross-section conduits running full Part 1: General principles and requirements
    IEC 60609:1978 Cavitation pitting evaluation in hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines
    ISO 2186:2007 Fluid flow in closed conduits — Connections for pressure signal transmissions between primary and secondary elements
    ISO 4006:1991 Measurement of fluid flow in closed conduits — Vocabulary and symbols
    ISO 31-12:1992 Quantities and units Part 12: Characteristic numbers
    ISO 9104:1991 Measurement of fluid flow in closed conduits Methods of evaluating the performance of electromagnetic flow-meters for liquids
    IEC 60609-2:1997 Cavitation pitting evaluation in hydraulic turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines - Part 2: Evaluation in Pelton turbines
    EN 60994:1992 Guide for field measurement of vibrations and pulsations in hydraulic machines (turbines, storage pumps and pump-turbines)
    EN ISO 8316:1995 Measurement of liquid flow in closed conduits - Method by collection of the liquid in a volumetric tank (ISO 8316:1987)
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