• EN 61646:2008

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

    THIN-FILM TERRESTRIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES - DESIGN QUALIFICATION AND TYPE APPROVAL

    Available format(s): 

    Superseded date:  01-04-2017

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  13-01-2013

    Publisher:  European Committee for Standards - Electrical

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    FOREWORD
    1 Scope and object
    2 Normative references
    3 Sampling
    4 Marking
    5 Testing
    6 Pass criteria
    7 Major visual defects
    8 Report
    9 Modifications
    10 Test procedures
       10.1 Visual inspection
             10.1.1 Purpose
             10.1.2 Procedure
             10.1.3 Requirements
       10.2 Maximum power determination
             10.2.1 Purpose
             10.2.2 Apparatus
             10.2.3 Procedure
       10.3 Insulation test
             10.3.1 Purpose
             10.3.2 Apparatus
             10.3.3 Test conditions
             10.3.4 Procedure
             10.3.5 Test requirements
       10.4 Measurement of temperature coefficients
             10.4.1 Purpose
             10.4.2 Apparatus
             10.4.3 Procedure
       10.5 Measurement of nominal operating cell temperature
             (NOCT)
             10.5.1 Purpose
             10.5.2 Introduction
             10.5.3 Principle
             10.5.4 Apparatus
             10.5.5 Test module mounting
             10.5.6 Procedure
       10.6 Performance at STC and NOCT
             10.6.1 Purpose
             10.6.2 Apparatus
             10.6.3 Procedure
       10.7 Performance at low irradiance
             10.7.1 Purpose
             10.7.2 Apparatus
             10.7.3 Procedure
       10.8 Outdoor exposure test
             10.8.1 Purpose
             10.8.2 Apparatus
             10.8.3 Procedure
             10.8.4 Final measurements
             10.8.5 Requirements
       10.9 Hot-spot endurance test
             10.9.1 Purpose
             10.9.2 Hot-spot effect
             10.9.3 Classification of cell interconnection
             10.9.4 Apparatus
             10.9.5 Procedure
             10.9.6 Final measurements
             10.9.7 Requirements
       10.10 UV preconditioning test
             10.10.1 Purpose
             10.10.2 Apparatus
             10.10.3 Procedure
             10.10.4 Final measurements
             10.10.5 Requirements
       10.11 Thermal cycling test
             10.11.1 Purpose
             10.11.2 Apparatus
             10.11.3 Procedure
             10.11.4 Final measurements
             10.11.5 Requirements
       10.12 Humidity-freeze test
             10.12.1 Purpose
             10.12.2 Apparatus
             10.12.3 Procedure
             10.12.4 Final measurements
             10.12.5 Requirements
       10.13 Damp heat test
             10.13.1 Purpose
             10.13.2 Procedure
             10.13.3 Final measurements
             10.13.4 Requirements
       10.14 Robustness of terminations test
             10.14.1 Purpose
             10.14.2 Types of terminations
             10.14.3 Procedure
             10.14.4 Final measurements
             10.14.5 Requirements
       10.15 Wet leakage current test
             10.15.1 Purpose
             10.15.2 Apparatus
             10.15.3 Procedure
             10.15.4 Requirements
       10.16 Mechanical load test
             10.16.1 Purpose
             10.16.2 Apparatus
             10.16.3 Procedure
             10.16.4 Final measurements
             10.16.5 Requirements
       10.17 Hail test
             10.17.1 Purpose
             10.17.2 Apparatus
             10.17.3 Procedure
             10.17.4 Final measurements
             10.17.5 Requirements
       10.18 Bypass diode thermal test
             10.18.1 Purpose
             10.18.2 Apparatus
             10.18.3 Procedure 1
             10.18.4 Procedure 2
             10.18.5 Final Measurements
             10.18.6 Requirements
       10.19 Light-soaking
             10.19.1 Purpose
             10.19.2 Apparatus
             10.19.3 Procedure
             10.19.4 Final measurements
             10.19.5 Requirements
    Bibliography
    Annex ZA (normative) - Normative references to international
                           publications with their corresponding
                           European publications

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Describes requirements for the design qualification and type approval of terrestrial, thin-film photovoltaic modules suitable for long-term operation in general open-air climates as defined in IEC 60721-2-1.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee TC 82
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher European Committee for Standards - Electrical
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    I.S. EN 61853-1:2011 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE PERFORMANCE TESTING AND ENERGY RATING - PART 1: IRRADIANCE AND TEMPERATURE PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS AND POWER RATING
    BS EN 61730-2 : 2007 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE SAFETY QUALIFICATION - PART 2: REQUIREMENTS FOR TESTING
    CEI EN 62093 : 2005 BALANCE-OF-SYSTEM COMPONENTS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS - DESIGN QUALIFICATION NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS
    CEI EN 61701 : 2012 SALT MIST CORROSION TESTING OF PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES
    BS EN 62124:2005 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) STAND-ALONE SYSTEMS - DESIGN VERIFICATION
    CEI EN 61853-1 : 2013 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE PERFORMANCE TESTING AND ENERGY RATING - PART 1: IRRADIANCE AND TEMPERATURE PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS AND POWER RATING
    BS EN 61701:2012 SALT MIST CORROSION TESTING OF PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES
    BS EN 61730-1 : 2007 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE SAFETY QUALIFICATION - PART 1: REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSTRUCTION
    BS EN 50548 : 2011 JUNCTION BOXES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES
    I.S. EN 50548:2011 JUNCTION BOXES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES
    UNE-EN 61701:2012 Salt mist corrosion testing of photovoltaic (PV) modules
    EN 62253 : 2011 PHOTOVOLTAIC PUMPING SYSTEMS - DESIGN QUALIFICATION AND PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS
    EN 61730-2:2007/A1:2012 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE SAFETY QUALIFICATION - PART 2: REQUIREMENTS FOR TESTING (IEC 61730-2:2004/A1:2011)
    EN 60904-7:2009 Photovoltaic devices - Part 7: Computation of the spectral mismatch correction for measurements of photovoltaic devices
    EN 61853-2 : 2016 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE PERFORMANCE TESTING AND ENERGY RATING - PART 2: SPECTRAL RESPONSIVITY, INCIDENCE ANGLE AND MODULE OPERATING TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS (IEC 61853-2:2016)
    BS EN 50583-1:2016 (published 2016-01) Photovoltaics in buildings BIPV modules
    I.S. EN 61345:1999 UV TEST FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES
    BS EN 62716:2013 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES - AMMONIA CORROSION TESTING
    BS EN 60904-10:2010 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 10: METHODS OF LINEARITY MEASUREMENT
    BS EN 61853-2:2016 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE PERFORMANCE TESTING AND ENERGY RATING - PART 2: SPECTRAL RESPONSIVITY, INCIDENCE ANGLE AND MODULE OPERATING TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS
    CEI EN 60904-7 : 2012 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 7: COMPUTATION OF THE SPECTRAL MISMATCH CORRECTION FOR MEASUREMENTS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES
    CEI EN 62716 : 2014 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES - AMMONIA CORROSION TESTING
    CEI EN 61345 : 1999 UV TEST FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES
    I.S. EN 62759-1:2015 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES - TRANSPORTATION TESTING - PART 1: TRANSPORTATION AND SHIPPING OF MODULE PACKAGE UNITS
    BS EN 60904-7:2009 Photovoltaic devices Computation of the spectral mismatch correction for measurements of photovoltaic devices
    CEI EN 62124 : 2005 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) STAND-ALONE SYSTEMS - DESIGN VERIFICATION
    UNE-EN 62759-1:2016 Photovoltaic (PV) modules - Transportation testing - Part 1: Transportation and shipping of module package units
    BS EN 62253:2011 Photovoltaic pumping systems. Design qualification and performance measurements
    BS EN 62790:2015 JUNCTION BOXES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS AND TESTS
    09/30214460 DC : 0 BS EN 50548 - JUNCTION BOXES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES
    CEI EN 60904-10 : 2013 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 10: METHODS OF LINEARITY MEASUREMENT
    BS EN 61853-1:2011 (published 2011-03) Photovoltaic (PV) module performance testing and energy rating Irradiance and temperature performance measurements and power rating
    12/30266506 DC : 0 BS EN 50583 - PHOTOVOLTAICS IN BUILDINGS
    BS EN 61345:1998 UV TEST FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES
    BS EN 60904-8:2014 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 8: MEASUREMENT OF SPECTRAL RESPONSIVITY OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) DEVICE
    I.S. EN 60904-7:2009 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 7: COMPUTATION OF THE SPECTRAL MISMATCH CORRECTION FOR MEASUREMENTS OF PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES
    I.S. EN 62716:2013 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES - AMMONIA CORROSION TESTING (IEC 62716:2013 (EQV))
    UNE-EN 62716:2014 Photovoltaic (PV) modules - Ammonia corrosion testing
    I.S. EN 61701:2012 SALT MIST CORROSION TESTING OF PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES (IEC 61701:2011 (EQV))
    EN 61701:2012 SALT MIST CORROSION TESTING OF PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES (IEC 61701:2011)
    EN 60904-10:2010 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 10: METHODS OF LINEARITY MEASUREMENT
    EN 62790 : 2015 JUNCTION BOXES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS AND TESTS (IEC 62790:2014)
    EN 60904-9 : 2007 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 9: SOLAR SIMULATOR PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
    UNE-EN 61853-1:2011 Photovoltaic (PV) module performance testing and energy rating -- Part 1: Irradiance and temperature performance measurements and power rating
    PREN 50583 : DRAFT 2012 PHOTOVOLTAICS IN BUILDINGS
    BS EN 62093:2005 Balance-of-system components for photovoltaic systems. Design qualification natural environments
    CLC/TS 61836 : 2009 SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY SYSTEMS - TERMS, DEFINITIONS AND SYMBOLS
    I.S. EN 62093:2005 BALANCE-OF-SYSTEM COMPONENTS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS - DESIGN QUALIFICATION NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS
    I.S. EN 60904-8:2014 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 8: MEASUREMENT OF SPECTRAL RESPONSIVITY OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) DEVICE
    DD CLC/TS 61836:2009 SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY SYSTEMS - TERMS, DEFINITIONS AND SYMBOLS
    UNE-EN 62790:2015 Junction boxes for photovoltaic modules - Safety requirements and tests
    EN 60269-6 : 2011 LOW-VOLTAGE FUSES - PART 6: SUPPLEMENTARY REQUIREMENTS FOR FUSE-LINKS FOR THE PROTECTION OF SOLAR PHOTOVOLTAIC ENERGY SYSTEMS
    UNE-EN 62253:2012 Photovoltaic pumping systems - Design qualification and performance measurements
    UNE-EN 60904-8:2015 Photovoltaic devices - Part 8: Measurement of spectral responsivity of a photovoltaic (PV) device
    EN 61853-1 : 2011 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE PERFORMANCE TESTING AND ENERGY RATING - PART 1: IRRADIANCE AND TEMPERATURE PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS AND POWER RATING
    UNE-EN 50583-1:2016 Photovoltaics in buildings - Part 1: BIPV modules
    I.S. EN 60904-10:2010 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 10: METHODS OF LINEARITY MEASUREMENT
    BS EN 62759-1:2015 Photovoltaic (PV) modules. Transportation testing Transportation and shipping of module package units
    BS EN 60269-6:2011 Low-voltage fuses Supplementary requirements for fuse-links for the protection of solar photovoltaic energy systems
    BS EN 60904-9:2007 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 9: SOLAR SIMULATOR PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
    I.S. EN 61853-2:2016 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE PERFORMANCE TESTING AND ENERGY RATING - PART 2: SPECTRAL RESPONSIVITY, INCIDENCE ANGLE AND MODULE OPERATING TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS
    CEI EN 61853-2 : 1ED 2017 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE PERFORMANCE TESTING AND ENERGY RATING - PART 2: SPECTRAL RESPONSIVITY, INCIDENCE ANGLE AND MODULE OPERATING TEMPERATURE MEASUREMENTS
    I.S. EN 62253:2011 PHOTOVOLTAIC PUMPING SYSTEMS - DESIGN QUALIFICATION AND PERFORMANCE MEASUREMENTS
    I.S. EN 61730-1:2007 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE SAFETY QUALIFICATION - PART 1: REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSTRUCTION
    UNE-EN 50548:2012 Junction boxes for photovoltaic modules
    I.S. EN 62124:2005 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) STAND-ALONE SYSTEMS - DESIGN VERIFICATION
    I.S. EN 50583-1:2016 PHOTOVOLTAICS IN BUILDINGS - PART 1: BIPV MODULES
    PREN 50548 : DRAFT 2009 JUNCTION BOXES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES
    I.S. EN 61730-2:2007 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE SAFETY QUALIFICATION - PART 2: REQUIREMENTS FOR TESTING (IEC 61730-2:2004 (MOD))
    EN 50548 : 2011 AMD 2 2014 JUNCTION BOXES FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC MODULES
    EN 61345 : 1998 UV TEST FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES
    EN 50583-1 : 2016 PHOTOVOLTAICS IN BUILDINGS - PART 1: BIPV MODULES
    EN 62759-1:2015 Photovoltaic (PV) modules - Transportation testing - Part 1: Transportation and shipping of module package units
    EN 62716:2013/AC:2014 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES - AMMONIA CORROSION TESTING (IEC 62716:2013)
    EN 62124 : 2005 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) STAND-ALONE SYSTEMS - DESIGN VERIFICATION
    EN 61730-1:2007/A11:2014 PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULE SAFETY QUALIFICATION - PART 1: REQUIREMENTS FOR CONSTRUCTION (IEC 61730-1:2004, MODIFIED)
    EN 62093 : 2005 BALANCE-OF-SYSTEM COMPONENTS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC SYSTEMS - DESIGN QUALIFICATION NATURAL ENVIRONMENTS
    EN 60904-8:2014 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 8: MEASUREMENT OF SPECTRAL RESPONSIVITY OF A PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) DEVICE

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ISO/IEC 17025:2005 General requirements for the competence of testing and calibration laboratories
    EN 60904-3:2016 Photovoltaic devices - Part 3: Measurement principles for terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) solar devices with reference spectral irradiance data
    EN 60904-2:2015 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 2: REQUIREMENTS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC REFERENCE DEVICES (IEC 60904-2:2015)
    IEC 60904-1:2006 Photovoltaic devices - Part 1: Measurement of photovoltaic current-voltage characteristics
    EN 60904-9 : 2007 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 9: SOLAR SIMULATOR PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS
    IEC 60904-10:2009 Photovoltaic devices - Part 10: Methods of linearity measurement
    IEC 60904-5:2011 Photovoltaic devices - Part 5: Determination of the equivalent cell temperature (ECT) of photovoltaic (PV) devices by the open-circuit voltage method
    IEC 60068-1:2013 Environmental testing - Part 1: General and guidance
    IEC 61215:2005 Crystalline silicon terrestrial photovoltaic (PV) modules - Design qualification and type approval
    IEC 60904-9:2007 Photovoltaic devices - Part 9: Solar simulator performance requirements
    IEC 60068-2-21:2006 Environmental testing - Part 2-21: Tests - Test U: Robustness of terminations and integral mounting devices
    EN 60068-1:2014 ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING - PART 1: GENERAL AND GUIDANCE (IEC 60068-1:2013)
    IEC 60904-3 : 3.0 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 3: MEASUREMENT PRINCIPLES FOR TERRESTRIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) SOLAR DEVICES WITH REFERENCE SPECTRAL IRRADIANCE DATA
    IEC 60904-8:2014 Photovoltaic devices - Part 8: Measurement of spectral responsivity of a photovoltaic (PV) device
    HD 478.2.1 : 200S1 CLASSIFICATION OF ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS - ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITIONS APPEARING IN NATURE - TEMPERATURE AND HUMIDITY
    EN 60904-1:2006 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 1: MEASUREMENT OF PHOTOVOLTAIC CURRENT-VOLTAGE CHARACTERISTICS
    IEC 60410:1973 Sampling plans and procedures for inspection by attributes
    IEC 60721-2-1:2013 Classification of environmental conditions - Part 2-1: Environmental conditions appearing in nature - Temperature and humidity
    EN 60904-7:2009 Photovoltaic devices - Part 7: Computation of the spectral mismatch correction for measurements of photovoltaic devices
    IEC 60904-7:2008 Photovoltaic devices - Part 7: Computation of the spectral mismatch correction for measurements of photovoltaic devices
    EN 60068-2-21:2006 ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING - PART 2-21: TESTS - TEST U: ROBUSTNESS OF TERMINATIONS AND INTEGRAL MOUNTING DEVICES
    EN 60068-2-78:2013 ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING - PART 2-78: TESTS - TEST CAB: DAMP HEAT, STEADY STATE (IEC 60068-2-78:2012)
    EN 60891:2010 PROCEDURES FOR TEMPERATURE AND IRRADIANCE CORRECTIONS TO MEASURED I-V CHARACTERISTICS
    EN 60904-10:2010 PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 10: METHODS OF LINEARITY MEASUREMENT
    IEC 60904-2 : 3.0EN+(REDLINE+VERSION) PHOTOVOLTAIC DEVICES - PART 2: REQUIREMENTS FOR PHOTOVOLTAIC REFERENCE DEVICES
    IEC 60891:2009 Photovoltaic devices - Procedures for temperature and irradiance corrections to measured I-V characteristics
    EN 61215 : 2005 CRYSTALLINE SILICON TERRESTRIAL PHOTOVOLTAIC (PV) MODULES - DESIGN QUALIFICATION AND TYPE APPROVAL
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