• IEC 61230:2008

    Current The latest, up-to-date edition.

    Live working - Portable equipment for earthing or earthing and short-circuiting

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Language(s):  English - French, Spanish, Castilian

    Published date:  09-07-2008

    Publisher:  International Electrotechnical Committee

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    FOREWORD
    INTRODUCTION
    1 Scope
    2 Normative references
    3 Terms and definitions
    4 Requirements
      4.1 General
      4.2 Electrical rating
      4.3 Cables for earthing and short-circuiting
           4.3.1 Selection of cables
           4.3.2 Earthing cables used on solidly earthed (neutral)
                 systems
           4.3.3 Earthing cables used on non-solidly earthed (neutral)
                 systems
      4.4 Short-circuiting bars
      4.5 Connections of cables to rigid parts within devices
      4.6 Clamps
      4.7 Earthing and short-circuiting device
      4.8 Basic safety requirements for the insulating element(s)
           of the insulating component
      4.9 Marking
           4.9.1 General
           4.9.2 Marking on earthing and short-circuiting device
           4.9.3 Marking on clamp
           4.9.4 Marking on cable
           4.9.5 Marking on other components
      4.10 Instructions for use
    5 Tests
      5.1 General
      5.2 Verification and checking
      5.3 Tests for the selection of cables
           5.3.1 Cables complying with IEC 61138
           5.3.2 Cables not complying with IEC 61138
      5.4 Fatigue and humidity penetration tests on cable
           with end fittings
           5.4.1 Fatigue test
           5.4.2 Humidity penetration test
      5.5 Tension test on cable with end fittings
      5.6 Test on clamps, permanent connection points and
           connections
           5.6.1 Tests for tightening types
           5.6.2 Tests for non-tightening types
      5.7 Short-circuit current test
           5.7.1 General
           5.7.2 Preparation of test pieces
           5.7.3 Test set-ups and test arrangements
           5.7.4 Test current, Joule-integral and duration
           5.7.5 Documentation and evaluation of the test
           5.7.6 Alternative means to short-circuit current test
                 for conformity assessment during production phase
      5.8 Durability of marking
    6 Conformity assessment
    7 Modifications
    Annex A (informative) Guidelines for portable equipment for
            earthing to be used on railway systems
    Annex B (informative) Guidelines for earthing sticks
    Annex C (informative) Guidelines for selection, use and
            maintenance of portable earthing or earthing and
            short-circuiting equipment
    Annex D (informative) Guideline for determination of the
            equivalent r.m.s. value of a short-time current
            during a short-circuit of a given duration
    Annex E (normative) List of type tests
    Annex F (normative) Classification of defects
    Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEC 61230:2008 is applicable to portable equipment, with or without matching connection points, for temporary earthing or earthing and short-circuiting of electrically isolated or de-energized a.c. and d.c. installations, distribution and transmission networks, whether they are overhead or underground or of low or high voltage. This standard covers equipment comprising an earthing or a short-circuiting or an earthing and short-circuiting device and insulating component. The performance of equipment, devices and components covered by this standard is based on electro-dynamic and electro-thermal effects acting during short-circuit. The withstand capability of the devices and equipment is expressed by their rated values of current, time and peak factor. No rated voltage is given, but the geometrical dimensions of the equipment are also linked to the voltage of the installation. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1993. It constitutes a technical revision. The major changes are:
    - extension of the scope to cover the use of equipment on d.c. installations;
    - extension of the use of aluminium to all conductive parts of the device;
    - possibility of using this standard for separate components of the equipment;
    - general revision of requirements and tests;
    - revision of existing annexes;
    - introduction of a new informative Annex D giving guidelines for determination of the equivalent r.m.s. value of a short-circuit current and of a new normative Annex F on classification of defects.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee TC 78
    Development Note Stability Date: 2017. (10/2012)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher International Electrotechnical Committee
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    BS EN 62475:2010 (published 2010-12) High-current test techniques. Definitions and requirements for test currents and measuring systems
    BS PD IEC TR 61328 : 2017 LIVE WORKING - GUIDELINES FOR THE INSTALLATION OF TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION LINE CONDUCTORS AND EARTH WIRES - STRINGING EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORY ITEMS
    CEI 18-66 : 2013 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS IN SHIPS - PART 509: OPERATION OF ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS
    BS EN 62271-106:2011 High-voltage switchgear and controlgear Alternating current contactors, contactor-based controllers and motor-starters
    CEI EN 62475 : 2011 HIGH-CURRENT TEST TECHNIQUES - DEFINITIONS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR TEST CURRENTS AND MEASURING SYSTEMS
    07/30162245 DC : 0 BS EN 60092-XXX - ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS IN SHIPS - PART XXX - OPERATION OF ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS
    NF EN 61138 : 2008 CABLES FOR PORTABLE EARTHING AND SHORT-CIRCUITING EQUIPMENT
    BS EN 61477 : 2009 LIVE WORKING - MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE UTILIZATION OF TOOLS, DEVICES AND EQUIPMENT
    IEC TR 61911:2003 Live working - Guidelines for installation of distribution line conductors - Stringing equipment and accessory items
    I.S. EN 50110-1:2013 OPERATION OF ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    I.S. EN 61138:2008 CABLES FOR PORTABLE EARTHING AND SHORT-CIRCUITING EQUIPMENT
    I.S. EN 61477:2009 LIVE WORKING - MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE UTILIZATION OF TOOLS, DEVICES AND EQUIPMENT
    CEI EN 50508 : 2009 MULTI-PURPOSE INSULATING STICKS FOR ELECTRICAL OPERATIONS ON HIGH VOLTAGE INSTALLATIONS
    CEI EN 61477 : 2010 LIVE WORKING - MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE UTILIZATION OF TOOLS, DEVICES AND EQUIPMENT
    BS EN 60204-11 : 2001 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT OF MACHINES - PART 11: REQUIREMENTS FOR HV EQUIPMENT FOR VOLTAGES ABOVE 1000 V A.C. OR 1500 V D.C. AND NOT EXCEEDING 36 KV
    15/30286010 DC : 0 BS ISO 14990-1 - EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - ELECTRICAL SAFETY OF MACHINES UTILISING ELECTRIC DRIVES AND RELATED COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    15/30286835 DC : 0 BS ISO 14990-2 - EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - ELECTRICAL SAFETY OF MACHINES UTILISING ELECTRIC DRIVES AND RELATED COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS - PART 2: PARTICULAR REQUIREMENTS FOR EXTERNALLY-POWERED MACHINES
    EN 61138:2007 CABLES FOR PORTABLE EARTHING AND SHORT-CIRCUITING EQUIPMENT
    EN 60204-11:2000/corrigendum:2010 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT OF MACHINES - PART 11: REQUIREMENTS FOR HV EQUIPMENT FOR VOLTAGES ABOVE 1000 V A.C. OR 1500 V D.C. AND NOT EXCEEDING 36 KV
    EN 50191:2010 ERECTION AND OPERATION OF ELECTRICAL TEST EQUIPMENT
    EN 62475 : 2010 HIGH-CURRENT TEST TECHNIQUES - DEFINITIONS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR TEST CURRENTS AND MEASURING SYSTEMS
    BS EN 50508 : 2009 MULTI-PURPOSE INSULATING STICKS FOR ELECTRICAL OPERATIONS ON HIGH VOLTAGE INSTALLATIONS
    BS PD IEC TR 62263 : 2005 LIVE WORKING - GUIDELINES FOR THE INSTALLATION AND MAINTENANCE OF OPTICAL FIBRE CABLES ON OVERHEAD POWER LINES
    BS EN 50340 : 2010 HYDRAULIC CABLE CUTTING DEVICES - DEVICES TO BE USED ON ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS WITH NOMINAL VOLTAGE UP TO AC 30 KV
    IEC 61477:2009 Live working - Minimum requirements for the utilization of tools, devices and equipment
    I.S. EN 62475:2010 HIGH-CURRENT TEST TECHNIQUES - DEFINITIONS AND REQUIREMENTS FOR TEST CURRENTS AND MEASURING SYSTEMS
    CLC/TR 50488 : 2006 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - SAFETY MEASURES FOR THE PERSONNEL WORKING ON OR NEAR OVERHEAD CONTACT LINES
    CSA C22.3 No. 61936-1 : 2008 POWER INSTALLATIONS EXCEEDING 1 KV A.C. - PART 1: COMMON RULES
    EN 61936-1 : 2010 AMD 1 2014 POWER INSTALLATIONS EXCEEDING 1 KV A.C. - PART 1: COMMON RULES (IEC 61936-1:2010/A1:2014)
    I.S. EN 50340:2010 HYDRAULIC CABLE CUTTING DEVICES - DEVICES TO BE USED ON ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS WITH NOMINAL VOLTAGE UP TO AC 30 KV
    IEC 61936-1:2010+AMD1:2014 CSV Power installations exceeding 1 kV a.c. - Part 1: Common rules
    I.S. EN 61800-5-1:2007 ADJUSTABLE SPEED ELECTRICAL POWER DRIVE SYSTEMS - PART 5-1: SAFETY REQUIREMENTS - ELECTRICAL, THERMAL AND ENERGY
    15/30286839 DC : 0 BS ISO 14990-3 - EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - ELECTRICAL SAFETY OF MACHINES UTILISING ELECTRIC DRIVES AND RELATED COMPONENTS AND SYSTEMS - PART 3: PARTICULAR REQUIREMENTS FOR SELF-POWERED MACHINES
    BS EN 12981 : 2005 COATING PLANTS - SPRAY BOOTHS FOR APPLICATION OF ORGANIC POWDER COATING MATERIAL - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
    EN 61800-5-1:2007/A1:2017 ADJUSTABLE SPEED ELECTRICAL POWER DRIVE SYSTEMS - PART 5-1: SAFETY REQUIREMENTS - ELECTRICAL, THERMAL AND ENERGY (IEC 61800-5-1:2007/A1:2016)
    CEI EN 50110-1 : 2014 OPERATION OF ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    CEI EN 50340 : 2011 HYDRAULIC CABLE CUTTING DEVICES - DEVICES TO BE USED ON ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS WITH NOMINAL VOLTAGE UP TO AC 30 KV
    08/30181631 DC : DRAFT APR 2008 BS IEC 60092-509 - ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS IN SHIPS - PART 509: OPERATION OF ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS
    08/30191891 DC : DRAFT OCT 2008 BS EN 61936-1 - POWER INSTALLATIONS EXCEEDING 1 KV A.C. - PART 1: COMMON RULES
    BS PD IEC TR 61911 : 2003 LIVE WORKING - GUIDELINES FOR THE INSTALLATION OF DISTRIBUTION LINE CONDUCTORS - STRINGING EQUIPMENT AND ACCESSORY ITEMS
    UNE-EN 50340:2011 Hydraulic cable cutting devices - Devices to be used on electrical installations with nominal voltage up to AC 30 kV
    I.S. EN 50508:2009 MULTI-PURPOSE INSULATING STICKS FOR ELECTRICAL OPERATIONS ON HIGH VOLTAGE INSTALLATIONS
    CSA C22.3 No. 61936-1 : 2008 : R2015 POWER INSTALLATIONS EXCEEDING 1 KV A.C. - PART 1: COMMON RULES
    IEEE 1048 : 2003 PROTECTIVE GROUNDING OF POWER LINES
    I.S. EN 50191:2010 ERECTION AND OPERATION OF ELECTRICAL TEST EQUIPMENT
    IEC 61138:2007 Cables for portable earthing and short-circuiting equipment
    IEC 60204-11:2000 Safety of machinery - Electrical equipment of machines - Part 11: Requirements for HV equipment for voltages above 1 000 V a.c. or 1 500 V d.c. and not exceeding 36 kV
    I.S. EN 60204-11:2000 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT OF MACHINES PART 11: REQUIREMENTS FOR HV EQUIPMENT FOR VOLTAGES ABOVE 1000 V A.C. OR 1500 V D.C. AND NOT EXCEEDING 36 KV
    IEC 61219:1993 Live working - Earthing or earthing and short-circuiting equipment using lances as a short-circuiting device - Lance earthing
    BS EN 61800-5-1:2007 Adjustable speed electrical power drive systems Safety requirements. Electrical, thermal and energy
    UNI EN 12981 : 2009 COATING PLANTS - SPRAY BOOTHS FOR APPLICATION OF ORGANIC POWDER COATING MATERIAL - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
    05/30128938 DC : DRAFT FEB 2005 IEC 61138 ED.3 - CABLES FOR PORTABLE EARTHING AND SHORT-CIRCUITING EQUIPMENT
    08/30180052 DC : DRAFT MAR 2008 BS EN 50340 AMD1 - HYDRAULIC CABLE CUTTING DEVICES - DEVICES TO BE USED ON ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS WITH NOMINAL VOLTAGE UP TO AC 30 KV
    IEEE 400-2012 GUIDE FOR FIELD TESTING AND EVALUATION OF THE INSULATION OF SHIELDED POWER CABLES SYSTEMS RATED 5 KV AND ABOVE
    BS EN 50110-1:2013 Operation of electrical installations General requirements
    CEI CLC/TR 50488 : 2007 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - SAFETY MEASURES FOR PERSONNEL WORKING NEAR OVERHEAD CONTACT LINES
    UNE-EN 50110-1:2014 Operation of electrical installations - Part 1: General requirements
    ISO 14990-1:2016 Earth-moving machinery Electrical safety of machines utilizing electric drives and related components and systems Part 1: General requirements
    IEC 60092-509:2011 Electrical installations in ships - Part 509: Operation of electrical installations
    S.R. CLC/TR 50488:2007 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - SAFETY MEASURES FOR THE PERSONNEL WORKING ON OR NEAR OVERHEAD CONTACT LINES
    IEEE 1246 : 2011 GUIDE FOR TEMPORARY PROTECTIVE GROUNDING SYSTEMS USED IN SUBSTATIONS
    ASTM F 855 : 2017 : REDLINE SPECIFICATIONS FOR TEMPORARY PROTECTIVE GROUNDS TO BE USED ON DE-ENERGIZED ELECTRIC POWER LINES AND EQUIPMENT
    UNE-EN 50508:2011 Multi-purpose insulating sticks for electrical operations on high voltage installations
    I.S. EN 61936-1:2010 POWER INSTALLATIONS EXCEEDING 1 KV A.C. - PART 1: COMMON RULES
    IEC TR 61328:2017 Live working - Guidelines for the installation of transmission and distribution line conductors and earth wires - Stringing equipment and accessory items
    IEC 62271-106:2011 High-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 106: Alternating current contactors, contactor-based controllers and motor-starters
    IEC 62475:2010 High-current test techniques - Definitions and requirements for test currents and measuring systems
    BS EN 61936-1 : 2010 POWER INSTALLATIONS EXCEEDING 1 KV A.C - PART 1: COMMON RULES
    BS ISO 14990-1:2016 (published 2017-03) Earth-moving machinery. Electrical safety of machines utilizing electric drives and related components and systems General requirements
    UNE-EN 62271-106:2012 High-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 106: Alternating current contactors, contactor-based controllers and motor-starters
    UNE-EN 61936-1:2012 Power installations exceeding 1 kV a.c. -- Part 1: Common rules
    IEEE 400.4:2015 IEEE Guide for Field Testing of Shielded Power Cable Systems Rated 5 kV and Above with Damped Alternating Current (DAC) Voltage
    BS IEC 60092-509:2011 Electrical installations in ships Operation of electrical installations
    I.S. EN 62271-106:2011 HIGH-VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR - PART 106: ALTERNATING CURRENT CONTACTORS, CONTACTOR-BASED CONTROLLERS AND MOTOR-STARTERS (IEC 62271-106:2011 (EQV))
    IEEE 524 : 2003 THE INSTALLATION OF OVERHEAD TRANSMISSION LINE CONDUCTORS
    BS EN 50191 : 2010 ERECTION AND OPERATION OF ELECTRICAL TEST EQUIPMENT
    06/30159668 DC : 0 BS EN 50508 - MULTI-PURPOSE INSULATING STICKS FOR ELECTRICAL OPERATIONS ON HIGH VOLTAGE INSTALLATIONS
    UNE-EN 62475:2012 High-current test techniques - Definitions and requirements for test currents and measuring systems
    BS EN 61138:1998 CABLES FOR PORTABLE EARTHING AND SHORT-CIRCUITING EQUIPMENT
    EN 62271-106 : 2011 HIGH-VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR - PART 106: ALTERNATING CURRENT CONTACTORS, CONTACTOR-BASED CONTROLLERS AND MOTOR-STARTERS (IEC 62271-106:2011)
    IEEE 400.2 : 2013 GUIDE FOR FIELD TESTING OF SHIELDED POWER CABLE SYSTEMS USING VERY LOW FREQUENCY (VLF) (LESS THAN 1 HZ)
    NF EN 61800 5-1 : 2007 ADJUSTABLE SPEED ELECTRICAL POWER DRIVE SYSTEMS - PART 5-1: SAFETY REQUIREMENTS - ELECTRICAL, THERMAL AND ENERGY
    IEC TR 62263:2005 Live working - Guidelines for the installation and maintenance of optical fibre cables on overhead power lines
    15/30322229 DC : 0 BS EN 61800-5-1:2007/AMD 1 - ADJUSTABLE SPEED ELECTRICAL POWER DRIVE SYSTEMS - PART 5-1: SAFETY REQUIREMENTS - ELECTRICAL, THERMAL AND ENERGY
    EN 50508 : 2009 MULTI-PURPOSE INSULATING STICKS FOR ELECTRICAL OPERATIONS ON HIGH VOLTAGE INSTALLATIONS
    EN 50340:2010 HYDRAULIC CABLE CUTTING DEVICES - DEVICES TO BE USED ON ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS WITH NOMINAL VOLTAGE UP TO AC 30 KV
    EN 61477:2009/corrigendum:2010 LIVE WORKING - MINIMUM REQUIREMENTS FOR THE UTILIZATION OF TOOLS, DEVICES AND EQUIPMENT
    EN 50110-1:2013 OPERATION OF ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEC 61477:2009 Live working - Minimum requirements for the utilization of tools, devices and equipment
    IEEE 1048 : 2003 PROTECTIVE GROUNDING OF POWER LINES
    IEC 61472:2013 Live working - Minimum approach distances for a.c. systems in the voltage range 72,5 kV to 800 kV - A method of calculation
    IEC 60811-3-1:1985 Common test methods for insulating and sheathing materials ofelectric cables - Part 3: Methods specific to PVC compounds -Section One: Pressure test at high temperature - Tests forresistance to cracking
    IEC 61936-1:2010+AMD1:2014 CSV Power installations exceeding 1 kV a.c. - Part 1: Common rules
    IEC TS 60479-1:2005+AMD1:2016 CSV Effects of current on human beings and livestock - Part 1: Generalaspects
    IEC 60228:2004 Conductors of insulated cables
    IEC 61138:2007 Cables for portable earthing and short-circuiting equipment
    IEC 60855:1985 Insulating foam-filled tubes and solid rods for live working
    IEC 61235:1993 Live working - Insulating hollow tubes for electrical purposes
    IEC 60832:1988 Insulating poles (insulating sticks) and universal tool attachments (fittings) for live working
    IEC 62475:2010 High-current test techniques - Definitions and requirements for test currents and measuring systems
    IEC 60050-195:1998 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 195: Earthing and protection against electric shock
    IEC 60050-601:1985 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 601: Generation, transmission and distribution of electricity - General
    IEC TR 60909-1:2002 Short-circuit currents in three-phase a.c. systems - Part 1: Factors for the calculation of short-circuit currents according to IEC 60909-0
    AS IEC 62475:2019 High-current test techniques - Definitions and requirements for test currents and measuring systems
    IEC TS 61201:2007 Use of conventional touch voltage limits - Application guide
    IEC 60050-151:2001 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 151: Electrical and magnetic devices
    EN 50508 : 2009 MULTI-PURPOSE INSULATING STICKS FOR ELECTRICAL OPERATIONS ON HIGH VOLTAGE INSTALLATIONS
    IEC 60743:2013 Live working - Terminology for tools, devices and equipment
    IEC 60068-2-11:1981 Basic environmental testing procedures - Part 2-11: Tests - Test Ka: Salt mist
    IEC 60909-0:2016 Short-circuit currents in three-phase a.c. systems - Part 0: Calculation of currents
    IEC 60050-101:1998 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 101: Mathematics
    IEC 60865-1:2011 Short-circuit currents - Calculation of effects - Part 1: Definitions and calculation methods
    IEC TR 60865-2:2015 Short-circuit currents - Calculation of effects - Part 2: Examples of calculation
    IEC 61318:2007 Live working - Conformity assessment applicable to tools, devices and equipment
    IEC 60068-2-42:2003 Environmental testing - Part 2-42: Tests - Test Kc: Sulphur dioxide test for contacts and connections
    IEC 60050-121:1998 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 121: Electromagnetism
    IEC 60071-2:1996 Insulation co-ordination - Part 2: Application guide
    ISO 9000:2015 Quality management systems Fundamentals and vocabulary
    IEC 60050-651:2014 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 651: Live working
    IEC 60060-1:2010 High-voltage test techniques - Part 1: General definitions and test requirements
    IEC 60811-1-4:1985 Common test methods for insulating and sheathing materials of electric cables - Part 1: Methods for general application - Section Four: Tests at low temperature
    IEC 60071-1:2006+AMD1:2010 CSV Insulation co-ordination - Part 1: Definitions, principles and rules
    ISO 48:2010 Rubber, vulcanized or thermoplastic Determination of hardness (hardness between 10 IRHD and 100 IRHD)
    IEC 60811-2-1:1998+AMD1:2001 CSV Common test methods for insulating and sheathing materials of electric and optical cables - Part 2-1: Methods specific to elastomeric compounds - Ozone resistance, hot set and mineral oil immersion tests
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