• IEC 61960:2011

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

    Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Secondary lithium cells and batteries for portable applications

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  07-02-2017

    Language(s):  English - French

    Published date:  16-06-2011

    Publisher:  International Electrotechnical Committee

    Add To Cart

    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    FOREWORD
    1 Scope
    2 Normative references
    3 Terms and definitions
    4 Parameter measurement tolerances
    5 Cell designation and marking
    6 Standard cells
    7 Electrical tests
    8 Test protocol and conditions for type approval
    Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEC 61960:2011 specifies performance tests, designations, markings, dimensions and other requirements for secondary lithium single cells and batteries for portable applications. The objective of this standard is to provide the purchasers and users of secondary lithium cells and batteries with a set of criteria with which they can judge the performance of secondary lithium cells and batteries offered by various manufacturers. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 2003. It is a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
    - 7.6 Endurance in cycles: addition of an accelerated test procedure.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee TC 21/SC 21A
    Development Note Supersedes IEC 61960-1 and IEC 61960-2. (07/2004) Stability Date: 2016. (10/2012)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher International Electrotechnical Committee
    Status Superseded
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    UNE-EN 62133:2013 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in portable applications
    IEEE 1725 : 2011 RECHARGEABLE BATTERIES FOR CELLULAR TELEPHONES
    I.S. EN 60079-0:2012 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 0: EQUIPMENT - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS (IEC 60079-0:2011 (MOD))
    UNE-EN 60079-1:2015 Explosive atmospheres - Part 1: Equipment protection by flameproof enclosures "d"
    BS EN 62133-2:2017 (published 2017-07) Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acidelectrolytes. Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in portable applications Lithium systems
    13/30293679 DC : 0 BS EN 62619 - SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECONDARY LITHIUM CELLS AND BATTERIES, FOR USE IN INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
    BS EN 50272-4 : 2007 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES AND BATTERY INSTALLATIONS - PART 4: BATTERIES FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLIANCES
    CSA E62133 : 2013 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE SEALED SECONDARY CELLS, AND FOR BATTERIES MADE FROM THEM, FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLICATIONS
    12/30239867 DC : 0 BS EN 62368-1 - AUDIO/VIDEO, INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY EQUIPMENT - PART 1: SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
    14/30259899 DC : 0 BS ISO 6742-5 - CYCLES - LIGHTING AND RETRO-REFLECTIVE DEVICES - PART 5: LIGHTING SYSTEMS NOT POWERED BY THE CYCLE'S MOVEMENT
    BS ISO 6742-5:2015 Cycles. Lighting and retro-reflective devices Lighting systems not powered by the cycles movement
    BS EN 61427-1 : 2013 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY STORAGE - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND METHODS OF TEST - PART 1: PHOTOVOLTAIC OFF-GRID APPLICATION
    02/209100 DC : DRAFT DEC 2002 IEC 62281 ED.1 - SAFETY OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY LITHIUM CELLS AND BATTERIES DURING TRANSPORT
    BS EN 62620:2015 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Secondary lithium cells and batteries for use in industrial applications
    16/30351255 DC : 0 BS EN 61960-4 ED 1.0 - SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - PART 4: COIN TYPE SECONDARY LITHIUM CELLS AND BATTERIES
    11/30243529 DC : 0 BS EN 61427-1 ED1 - SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY STORAGE - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND METHODS OF TEST - PART 1: PHOTOVOLTAIC OFF GRID APPLICATION
    CEI EN 61959 : 2005 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - MECHANICAL TESTS FOR SEALED PORTABLE SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES
    BS EN 62619:2017 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Safety requirements for secondary lithium cells and batteries, for use in industrial applications
    PD IEC/TS 62257-9-5:2016 (published 2016-07) Recommendations for renewable energy and hybrid systems for rural electrification Integrated systems. Selection of stand-alone lighting kits for rural electrification
    11/30240782 DC : 0 BS EN 62620 - SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - LARGE FORMAT SECONDARY LITHIUM CELLS AND BATTERIES FOR USE IN INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
    CSA C22.2 No. 60079.1 : 2016 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 1: EQUIPMENT PROTECTION BY FLAMEPROOF ENCLOSURES 'D'
    UNE-EN 50272-1:2011 Safety requirements for secondary batteries and battery installations - Part 1: General safety information
    15/30326352 DC : 0 BS EN 62281 ED 3.0 - SAFETY OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY LITHIUM CELLS AND BATTERIES DURING TRANSPORT
    EN 62619:2017 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Safety requirements for secondary lithium cells and batteries, for use in industrial applications
    UNE-EN 61427-1:2013 Secondary cells and batteries for renewable energy storage - General requirements and methods of test - Part 1: Photovoltaic off-grid application
    BS EN 60079-0 : 2012 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 0: EQUIPMENT - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    12/30258453 DC : 0 BS EN 62368-1 AMD - AUDIO/VIDEO, INFORMATION AND COMMUNICATION TECHNOLOGY EQUIPMENT - PART 1: SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
    BS EN 61959 : 2004 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - MECHANICAL TESTS FOR SEALED PORTABLE SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES
    BIS IS 16046 : 2015 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE SEALED SECONDARY CELLS, AND FOR BATTERIES MADE FROM THEM, FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLICATIONS
    CEI EN 50272-4 : 2007 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES AND BATTERY INSTALLATIONS - PART 4: BATTERIES FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLIANCES
    BS EN 62133:2013 (published 2013-09) Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in portable applications
    CSA C22.2 No. 60079.0 : 2015 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 0: EQUIPMENT - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    08/30182018 DC : DRAFT MAY 2008 BS EN 62133 - SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE SEALED SECONDARY CELLS, AND FOR BATTERIES MADE FROM THEM, FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLICATIONS
    I.S. EN 62620:2015 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - SECONDARY LITHIUM CELLS AND BATTERIES FOR USE IN INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
    CAN/CSA-C61427-1:17 Secondary cells and batteries for renewable energy storage — General requirements and methods of test — Part 1: Photovoltaic off-grid application (Adopted IEC 61427-1:2013, first edition, 2013-04, with Canadian deviations) | Accumulateurs pour le stockage de l’énergie renouvelable — Exigences générales et méthodes d’essais — Partie 1 : Applications photovoltaïques hors réseaux (norme IEC 61427-1:2013 adoptée, première édition, 2013-04, avec exigences propres au Canada)
    PREN 15194 : DRAFT 2015 CYCLES - ELECTRICALLY POWER ASSISTED CYCLES - EPAC BICYCLES
    IEC 60079-1 REDLINE : 7ED 2014 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 1: EQUIPMENT PROTECTION BY FLAMEPROOF ENCLOSURES 'D'
    IEEE 45.6:2016 IEEE Recommended Practice for Electrical Installations on Shipboard--Electrical Testing
    CEI EN 62133-2 : 1ED 2017 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NONACID ELECTROLYTES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE SEALED SECONDARY CELLS, AND FOR BATTERIES MADE FROM THEM, FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLICATIONS - PART 2: LITHIUM SYSTEMS
    ISO 6742-5:2015 Cycles Lighting and retro-reflective devices Part 5: Lighting systems not powered by the cycle's movement
    I.S. EN 61427-1:2013 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY STORAGE - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND METHODS OF TEST - PART 1: PHOTOVOLTAIC OFF-GRID APPLICATION (IEC 61427-1:2013 (EQV))
    CSA E61959 : 2014 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - MECHANICAL TESTS FOR SEALED PORTABLE SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES
    I.S. EN 62133-2:2017 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE SEALED SECONDARY CELLS, AND FOR BATTERIES MADE FROM THEM, FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLICATIONS - PART 2: LITHIUM SYSTEMS
    I.S. EN 61959:2004 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - MECHANICAL TESTS FOR SEALED PORTABLE SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES
    I.S. EN 60079-1:2014 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 1: EQUIPMENT PROTECTION BY FLAMEPROOF ENCLOSURES 'D'
    I.S. EN 62133:2013 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE SEALED SECONDARY CELLS, AND FOR BATTERIES MADE FROM THEM, FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLICATIONS (IEC 62133:2012 (EQV))
    I.S. EN 62619:2017 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECONDARY LITHIUM CELLS AND BATTERIES, FOR USE IN INDUSTRIAL APPLICATIONS
    BS EN 15194:2017 Cycles. Electrically power assisted cycles. EPAC Bicycles
    I.S. EN 50272-4:2007 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES AND BATTERY INSTALLATIONS - PART 4: BATTERIES FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLIANCES
    CSA C22.2 No. 62133 : 2017 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE SEALED SECONDARY CELLS, AND FOR BATTERIES MADE FROM THEM, FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLICATIONS
    I.S. EN 62841-1:2015 ELECTRIC MOTOR-OPERATED HAND-HELD TOOLS, TRANSPORTABLE TOOLS AND LAWN AND GARDEN MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    ISO 17546:2016 Space systems Lithium ion battery for space vehicles Design and verification requirements
    CEI EN 62133 : 2014 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE SEALED SECONDARY CELLS, AND FOR BATTERIES MADE FROM THEM, FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLICATIONS
    I.S. EN 50272-1:2010 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES AND BATTERY INSTALLATIONS - PART 1: GENERAL SAFETY INFORMATION
    I.S. EN IEC 62485-1:2018 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES AND BATTERY INSTALLATIONS - PART 1: GENERAL SAFETY INFORMATION
    BS EN 60086-4:2015 Primary batteries Safety of lithium batteries
    EN 62133-2:2017 (edition 2) Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Safety requirements for portable sealed secondary cells, and for batteries made from them, for use in portable applications - Part 2: Lithium systems
    CEI EN 61427-1 : 2014 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY STORAGE - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND METHODS OF TEST - PART 1: PHOTOVOLTAIC OFF-GRID APPLICATION
    15/30321305 DC : 0 BS EN 15194 - CYCLES - ELECTRICALLY POWER ASSISTED CYCLES - EPAC BICYCLES
    IEC TR 62188:2003 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - DESIGN AND MANUFACTURING RECOMMENDATIONS FOR PORTABLE BATTERIES MADE FROM SEALED SECONDARY CELLS
    IEC PAS 62282-6-1:2006 Fuel cell technologies - Part 6-1: Micro fuel cell power systems - Safety
    I.S. EN 60086-4:2015 PRIMARY BATTERIES - PART 4: SAFETY OF LITHIUM BATTERIES
    IEC 62619:2017 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Safety requirements for secondary lithium cells and batteries, for use in industrial applications
    I.S. EN 15194:2017 CYCLES - ELECTRICALLY POWER ASSISTED CYCLES - EPAC BICYCLES
    IEC 60079-1:2014 RLV Explosive atmospheres - Part 1: Equipment protection by flameproof enclosures "d"
    IEEE 1680.1 : 2009 IEEE Standard for Environmental Assessment of Personal Computer Products, Including Notebook Personal Computers, Desktop Personal Computers, and Personal Computer Displays
    BS EN 50272-1 : 2010 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES AND BATTERY INSTALLATIONS - PART 1: GENERAL SAFETY INFORMATION
    13/30286778 DC : 0 BS EN 60079-1 - EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 1: EQUIPMENT PROTECTION BY FLAMEPROOF ENCLOSURES 'D'
    12/30272980 DC : 0 BS EN 6XXXX-1 - ELECTRIC MOTOR-OPERATED HAND-HELD, TRANSPORTABLE TOOLS AND LAWN AND GARDEN MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    UNE-EN 62841-1:2016 Electric motor-operated hand-held tools, transportable tools and lawn and garden machinery - Safety - Part 1: General requirements
    IEC 62620:2014 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Secondary lithium cells and batteries for use in industrial applications
    CSA C22.2 No. 0.23 : 2015 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR BATTERY-POWERED APPLIANCES
    IEC 62133 : 2.0EN+(REDLINE+VERSION) SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE SEALED SECONDARY CELLS, AND FOR BATTERIES MADE FROM THEM, FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLICATIONS
    UNE-EN 60079-0:2013 Explosive atmospheres - Part 0: Equipment - General requirements
    CAN/CSA-C22.2 No. 62841-1 : 2015 ELECTRIC MOTOR-OPERATED HAND-HELD TOOLS, TRANSPORTABLE TOOLS AND LAWN AND GARDEN MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    IEC 61959:2004 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - MECHANICAL TESTS FOR SEALED PORTABLE SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES
    BS ISO 17546 : 2016 SPACE SYSTEMS - LITHIUM ION BATTERY FOR SPACE VEHICLES - DESIGN AND VERIFICATION REQUIREMENTS
    IEC 61427-1:2013 Secondary cells and batteries for renewable energy storage - General requirements and methods of test - Part 1: Photovoltaic off-grid application
    14/30303914 DC : 0 BS EN 50604-1 - SECONDARY LITHIUM BATTERIES FOR LEV (LIGHT ELECTRIC VEHICLE) APPLICATIONS - PART 1: GENERAL SAFETY REQUIREMENTS AND TEST METHODS
    13/30267440 DC : 0 BS EN 60086-4 ED 4.0 - PRIMARY BATTERIES - PART 4: SAFETY OF LITHIUM BATTERIES
    IEC 60086-4:2014 Primary batteries - Part 4: Safety of lithium batteries
    BS EN 62841-1 : 2015 ELECTRIC MOTOR-OPERATED HAND-HELD TOOLS, TRANSPORTABLE TOOLS AND LAWN AND GARDEN MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    04/30117451 DC : DRAFT JUL 2004 IEC 60086-4. ED.3 - PRIMARY BATTERIES - PART 4: SAFETY OF LITHIUM BATTERIES
    NBR IEC 60079-0 : 2013 ERRATA 2 2016 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 0: EQUIPMENT - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    UL 2595 : 2ED 2015 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR BATTERY-POWERED APPLIANCES
    BIS IS/IEC 60079-0 : 2011 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 0: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    EN 50272-1 : 2010 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES AND BATTERY INSTALLATIONS - PART 1: GENERAL SAFETY INFORMATION
    EN 50272-4 : 2007 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES AND BATTERY INSTALLATIONS - PART 4: BATTERIES FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLIANCES
    EN 61427-1 : 2013 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES FOR RENEWABLE ENERGY STORAGE - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND METHODS OF TEST - PART 1: PHOTOVOLTAIC OFF-GRID APPLICATION (IEC 61427-1:2013)
    EN 60079-0:2012/A11:2013 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 0: EQUIPMENT - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS (IEC 60079-0:2011, MODIFIED)
    EN 62620:2015 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Secondary lithium cells and batteries for use in industrial applications
    EN 62841-1:2015/AC:2015 ELECTRIC MOTOR-OPERATED HAND-HELD TOOLS, TRANSPORTABLE TOOLS AND LAWN AND GARDEN MACHINERY - SAFETY - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    EN 60079-1:2014 EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - PART 1: EQUIPMENT PROTECTION BY FLAMEPROOF ENCLOSURES 'D' (IEC 60079-1:2014)
    EN IEC 62485-1 : 2018 SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR SECONDARY BATTERIES AND BATTERY INSTALLATIONS - PART 1: GENERAL SAFETY INFORMATION (IEC 62485-1:2015)
    EN 61959 : 2004 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - MECHANICAL TESTS FOR SEALED PORTABLE SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES
    EN 62133:2013 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE SEALED SECONDARY CELLS, AND FOR BATTERIES MADE FROM THEM, FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLICATIONS (IEC 62133:2012)
    EN 15194:2017 Cycles - Electrically power assisted cycles - EPAC Bicycles
    EN 60086-4:2015 (edition 4) Primary batteries - Part 4: Safety of lithium batteries

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEC 60485:1974 Digital electronic d.c. voltmeters and d.c. electronic analogue-to-digital converters
    IEC 60050-482:2004 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 482: Primary and secondary cells and batteries
    IEC 61000-4-2:2008 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-2: Testing and measurement techniques - Electrostatic discharge immunity test
    IEC 61434:1996 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Guide to designation of current in alkaline secondary cell and battery standards
    IEC 62133 : 2.0EN+(REDLINE+VERSION) SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR PORTABLE SEALED SECONDARY CELLS, AND FOR BATTERIES MADE FROM THEM, FOR USE IN PORTABLE APPLICATIONS
    IEC 61959:2004 SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES CONTAINING ALKALINE OR OTHER NON-ACID ELECTROLYTES - MECHANICAL TESTS FOR SEALED PORTABLE SECONDARY CELLS AND BATTERIES
    IEC 62281 : 3.0 SAFETY OF PRIMARY AND SECONDARY LITHIUM CELLS AND BATTERIES DURING TRANSPORT
    • Access your standards online with a subscription

      Features

      • Simple online access to standards, technical information and regulations
      • Critical updates of standards and customisable alerts and notifications
      • Multi - user online standards collection: secure, flexibile and cost effective