• IEC 62040-3:2011

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

    Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) - Part 3: Method of specifying the performance and test requirements

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  31-12-2021

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  14-03-2011

    Publisher:  International Electrotechnical Committee

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    FOREWORD
    1 Scope
    2 Normative references
    3 Terms and definitions
    4 Environmental conditions
    5 Electrical conditions, performance and declared values
    6 UPS tests
    Annex A (informative) - Uninterruptible power system
            (UPS) configurations
    Annex B (informative) - Topologies - Uninterruptible
            power system (UPS)
    Annex C (informative) - UPS switch applications
    Annex D (informative) - Purchaser specification guidelines
    Annex E (normative) - Reference non-linear load
    Annex F (informative) - Information on backfeed protection
    Annex G (normative) - Input mains failure - Test method
    Annex H (informative) - Dynamic output performance -
            Measurement techniques
    Annex I (informative) - UPS Efficiency values
    Annex J (normative) - UPS efficiency - Methods of
            measurement
    Annex K (informative) - UPS functional availability
    Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEC 62040-3:2011 applies to movable, stationary and fixed electronic uninterruptible power systems (UPS) that deliver single or three phase fixed frequency a.c. output voltage not exceeding 1 000 V a.c. and that incorporate an energy storage system, generally connected through a d.c. link. This standard is intended to specify performance and test requirements of a complete UPS and not of individual UPS functional units. The individual UPS functional units are dealt with in IEC publications referred to in the bibliography that apply so far that they are not in contradiction with this standard. The primary function of the UPS covered by this standard is to ensure continuity of an a.c. power source. The UPS may also serve to improve the quality of the power source by keeping it within specified characteristics. UPS have been developed over a wide range of power, from less than hundred watts to several megawatts, to meet requirements for availability and quality of power to a variety of loads. Refer to Annexes A and B for information on typical UPS configurations and topologies. This standard also covers UPS test and performance when power switches form integral part of a UPS and are associated with its output. Included are interrupters, bypass switches, isolating switches, and tie switches. These switches interact with other functional units of the UPS to maintain continuity of load power. This standard does not cover:
    - conventional a.c. input and output distribution boards or d.c. boards and their associated switches (e.g. switches for batteries, rectifier output or inverter input);
    - stand-alone static transfer systems covered by IEC 62310-3;
    - systems wherein the output voltage is derived from a rotating machine.
    NOTE 1 This standard recognises that power availability to information technology (IT) equipment represents a major UPS application. The UPS output characteristics specified in this standard are therefore also aimed at ensuring compatibility with the requirements of IT equipment. This, subject any limitation stated in the manufacturer's declaration, includes requirements for steady state and transient voltage variation as well as for the supply of both linear and non-linear load characteristics of IT equipment.
    NOTE 2 Test loads specified in this standard simulate both linear and non-linear load characteristics. Their use is prescribed with the objective of verifying design and performance, as declared by the manufacturer, and also of minimising any complexity and energy consumption during the tests.
    NOTE 3 This standard is aimed at 50 Hz and 60 Hz applications but does not exclude other frequency applications within the domain of IEC 60196. This is subject to an agreement between manufacturer and purchase in respect to any particular requirements arising.
    NOTE 4 Single phase and three-phase voltage UPS covered by this standard include without limitation UPS supplying single-phase, two-wire; single-phase, three-wire; two-phase, three-wire, three-phase, three-wire and three-phase, four-wire loads.
    This second edition cancels and replaces first edition published in 1999 and constitutes a technical revision. The significant technical changes are:
    - reference test load - definition and application revised (3.3.5 and 6.1.1.3);
    - test schedule - presented as a single table grouped by revised type and routine tests (see 6.1.6, Table 3);
    - dynamic output voltage performance characteristics - guidance to measure - addition (Annex H);
    - UPS efficiency - requirements and methods of measure - addition (Annexes I and J);
    - functional availability - guidance for UPS reliability integrity level classification - addition (Annex K).

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee TC 22/SC 22H
    Development Note Supersedes IEC 60146-4, IEC 60146-5. (03/2001) Stability Date: 2018. (10/2012)
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher International Electrotechnical Committee
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    CAN/CSA-C381.2-17 Energy performance of battery-charging systems and uninterruptible power supplies
    UNE-EN 50533:2012 Railway applications - Three-phase train line voltage characteristics.
    06/30157062 DC : 0 BS EN 62310-3 - STATIC TRANSFER SYSTEMS (STS) - PART 3: METHOD OF SPECIFYING THE PERFORMANCE AND TEST REQUIREMENTS
    BS EN 62310-3 : 2008 STATIC TRANSFER SYSTEMS (STS) - PART 3: METHOD FOR SPECIFYING PERFORMANCE AND TEST REQUIREMENTS
    NF EN 62310-3 : 2008 STATIC TRANSFER SYSTEMS (STS) - PART 3: METHOD FOR SPECIFYING THE PERFORMANCE AND TEST REQUIREMENTS
    09/30214359 DC : 0 BS EN 50533 - RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - THREE-PHASE TRAIN LINE VOLTAGE CHARACTERISTICS
    CSA C812 : 2016 ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF LARGE BATTERY CHARGER SYSTEMS
    BS ISO/IEC 30134-1 : 2016 + A1 2018 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY - DATA CENTRES - KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS - PART 1: OVERVIEW AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    BS EN 62040-1-1 : 2003
    BS EN 62040-4:2013 (published 2013-10) Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) Environmental aspects. Requirements and reporting
    09/30214220 DC : 0 BS IEC TR 61000-2-5 ED - ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 2-5: ENVIRONMENT - CLASSIFICATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENVIRONMENTS
    PREN 50533 : DRAFT 2009 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - THREE-PHASE TRAIN LINE VOLTAGE CHARACTERISTICS
    NF EN 62040-2 : 2006
    BS EN 50533 : 2011 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - THREE-PHASE TRAIN LINE VOLTAGE CHARACTERISTICS
    11/30231694 DC : 0 BS EN 62040-4 - UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 4: ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS - REQUIREMENTS AND REPORTING
    14/30292140 DC : 0 BS EN 62040-2 ED3.0 - UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 2: ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY REQUIREMENTS (EMC)
    BS EN 50600-4-1 : 2016 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY - DATA CENTRE FACILITIES AND INFRASTRUCTURES - PART 4-1: OVERVIEW OF AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
    IEC TR 61000-2-5 REDLINE : 3ED 2017 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 2-5: ENVIRONMENT - DESCRIPTION AND CLASSIFICATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC ENVIRONMENTS
    HD 60364-5-56:2010/A12:2017 LOW-VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS - PART 5-56: SELECTION AND ERECTION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT - SAFETY SERVICES
    I.S. EN 62040-1-1:2004
    NF EN 62040-1 : 2009 AMD 1 2013 UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 1: GENERAL AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR UPS
    BS EN 62040-2:2006 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements
    CEI EN 62040-4 : 2014 UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 4: ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS - REQUIREMENTS AND REPORTING
    I.S. EN 50533:2011 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - THREE-PHASE TRAIN LINE VOLTAGE CHARACTERISTICS
    BS PD IEC TR 60146-1-2 : 2011 SEMICONDUCTOR CONVERTERS - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND LINE COMMUTATED CONVERTERS - PART 1-2: APPLICATION GUIDE
    CEI EN 62040-2 : 2006 UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 2: ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) REQUIREMENTS
    BS EN 62040-1 : 2008 UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 1: GENERAL AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR UPS
    I.S. EN 50600-4-1:2016 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY - DATA CENTRE FACILITIES AND INFRASTRUCTURES - PART 4-1: OVERVIEW OF AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
    I.S. HD 60364-5-56:2010 LOW-VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS - PART 5-56: SELECTION AND ERECTION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT - SAFETY SERVICES (IEC 60364-5-56:2009 (EQV))
    PD IEC/TR 61000-2-5:2017 (published 2017-02) Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Environment. Description and classification of electromagnetic environments
    I.S. EN 62310-1:2005 STATIC TRANSFER SYSTEMS (STS) - PART 1: GENERAL AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
    CEI EN 62310-3 : 2010 STATIC TRANSFER SYSTEMS (STS) - PART 3: METHOD FOR SPECIFYING PERFORMANCE AND TEST REQUIREMENTS
    I.S. EN 62310-3:2008 STATIC TRANSFER SYSTEMS (STS) - PART 3: METHOD FOR SPECIFYING PERFORMANCE AND TEST REQUIREMENTS
    I.S. EN IEC 62909-1:2018 BI-DIRECTIONAL GRID-CONNECTED POWER CONVERTERS - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    I.S. EN 62040-4:2013 UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 4: ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS - REQUIREMENTS AND REPORTING (IEC 62040-4:2013 (EQV))
    CSA C813.1 : 2014 PERFORMANCE TEST METHOD FOR UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLIES
    S.R. HD 60364-5-56:2010 LOW-VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS - PART 5-56: SELECTION AND ERECTION OF ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT - SAFETY SERVICES
    OVE/ONORM EN 62040-2 : 2006
    IEC 62909-1:2017 Bi-directional grid connected power converters - Part 1: General requirements
    CEI EN 62310-1 : 2006 STATIC TRANSFER SYSTEMS (STS) - PART 1: GENERAL AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
    PIP ELSAP04 : 2015 UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SUPPLY (UPS) SYSTEM SPECIFICATION
    ISO/IEC 30134-1:2016 Information technology Data centres Key performance indicators Part 1: Overview and general requirements
    BIS IS 16242-1 : 2014 AMD 1 2018 UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 1: GENERAL AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR UPS
    CAN/CSA-ISO/IEC 30134-1:18 Information technology Data centres Key performance indicators Part 1: Overview and general requirements (Adopted ISO/IEC 30134-1:2016, first edition, 2016-03-15)
    NF EN 62040-4 : 2014 UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 4: ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS - REQUIREMENTS AND REPORTING
    IEC 60364-5-56:2009 Low-voltage electrical installations - Part 5-56: Selection and erection of electrical equipment - Safety services
    EN IEC 62909-1 : 2018 BI-DIRECTIONAL GRID-CONNECTED POWER CONVERTERS - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS (IEC 62909-1:2017)
    IEC TR 60146-1-2:2011 Semiconductor converters - General requirements and line commutated converters - Part 1-2: Application guide
    IEC 62040-2 REDLINE : 3ED 2016 UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 2: ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) REQUIREMENTS
    I.S. EN 62040-2:2006 UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 2: ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) REQUIREMENTS
    IEC TR 61000-2-5:2017 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 2-5: Environment - Description and classification of electromagnetic environments
    IEC 62040-1:2017 EXV UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 1: SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
    IEC 62040-2:2016 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) - Part 2: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements
    I.S. EN 62040-1-2:2004
    I.S. EN 62040-1:2008 UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 1: GENERAL AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR UPS (IEC 62040-1:2008 (EQV))
    EN 62040-1:2008/A1:2013 UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 1: GENERAL AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS FOR UPS (IEC 62040-1:2008/A1:2013)
    IEC 62040-2:2016 RLV Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) - Part 2: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements
    IEC TR 61000-2-5:2017 RLV Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 2-5: Environment - Description and classification of electromagnetic environments
    06/30158289 DC : 0 BS EN 62040-1 - UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 1: GENERAL AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
    BS EN 62040-1-2 : 2003
    BS EN ISO 14224:2016 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries. Collection and exchange of reliability and maintenance data for equipment
    IEC 62310-3:2008 Static transfer systems (STS) - Part 3: Method for specifying performance and test requirements
    IEC 62040-1-1:2002 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) - Part 1-1: General and safety requirements for UPS used in operator access areas
    IEC 62040-4:2013 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) - Part 4: Environmental aspects - Requirements and reporting
    17/30345652 DC : 0 BS IEC 62040-5-1 ED 1.0 - UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 5-1: DC OUTPUT UPS - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
    IEC 62040-1-2:2002 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) - Part 1-2: General and safety requirements for UPS used in restricted access locations
    ISO 14224:2016 Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries Collection and exchange of reliability and maintenance data for equipment
    I.S. EN ISO 14224:2016 PETROLEUM, PETROCHEMICAL AND NATURAL GAS INDUSTRIES - COLLECTION AND EXCHANGE OF RELIABILITY AND MAINTENANCE DATA FOR EQUIPMENT (ISO 14224:2016)
    EN 62040-4 : 2013 UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 4: ENVIRONMENTAL ASPECTS - REQUIREMENTS AND REPORTING (IEC 62040-4:2013)
    EN 62040-1-2:2003/corrigendum:2004
    EN 50600-4-1 : 2016 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY - DATA CENTRE FACILITIES AND INFRASTRUCTURES - PART 4-1: OVERVIEW OF AND GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR KEY PERFORMANCE INDICATORS
    EN 62040-1-1:2003/corrigendum:2004
    EN 62310-1 : 2005 STATIC TRANSFER SYSTEMS (STS) - PART 1: GENERAL AND SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
    EN 62040-2:2006/corrigendum:2006
    EN 50533 : 2011 AMD 1 2016 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - THREE-PHASE TRAIN LINE VOLTAGE CHARACTERISTICS
    EN 62310-3 : 2008 STATIC TRANSFER SYSTEMS (STS) - PART 3: METHOD FOR SPECIFYING PERFORMANCE AND TEST REQUIREMENTS

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEC 60950-1:2005+AMD1:2009+AMD2:2013 CSV Information technology equipment - Safety - Part 1: General requirements
    IEC 60050-351:2013 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 351: Control technology
    IEC 60038:2009 IEC standard voltages
    IEC 61000-4-30 : 3.0EN+(REDLINE+VERSION) ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 4-30: TESTING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES - POWER QUALITY MEASUREMENT METHODS
    IEC 60050-131:2002 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 131: Circuit theory
    IEC 60146-1-3:1991 SEMICONDUCTOR CONVERTORS - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND LINE COMMUTATED CONVERTORS - TRANSFORMERS AND REACTORS
    AS IEC 62040.2:2019 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements
    IEC 60196:2009
    IEC 60068-1:2013 Environmental testing - Part 1: General and guidance
    IEC 60068-2-27:2008 Environmental testing - Part 2-27: Tests - Test Ea and guidance: Shock
    IEC 60034-22:2009 Rotating electrical machines - Part 22: AC generators for reciprocating internal combustion (RIC) engine driven generating sets
    IEC 60050-151:2001 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 151: Electrical and magnetic devices
    IEC 60050-441:1984 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 441: Switchgear, controlgear and fuses
    SA TR IEC 61000.2.5:2019 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) Environment - Description and classification of electromagnetic environments
    IEC 62310-3:2008 Static transfer systems (STS) - Part 3: Method for specifying performance and test requirements
    IEC 61000-3-12:2011 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 3-12: Limits - Limits for harmonic currents produced by equipment connected to public low-voltage systems with input current >16 A and 75 A per phase
    IEC 60050-482:2004 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 482: Primary and secondary cells and batteries
    IEEE C57.96 : 2013 GUIDE FOR LOADING DRY-TYPE DISTRIBUTION AND POWER TRANSFORMERS
    IEC 60068-2-31:2008 ENVIRONMENTAL TESTING - PART 2-31: TESTS - TEST EC: ROUGH HANDLING SHOCKS, PRIMARILY FOR EQUIPMENT-TYPE SPECIMENS
    IEC 60050-551:1998 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 551: Power electronics
    IEC 60050-442:1998 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 442: Electrical accessories
    IEC 62040-1:2017 EXV UNINTERRUPTIBLE POWER SYSTEMS (UPS) - PART 1: SAFETY REQUIREMENTS
    IEC 60364-1:2005 Low-voltage electrical installations - Part 1: Fundamental principles, assessment of general characteristics, definitions
    IEC 60068-3-3:1991 Environmental testing - Part 3-3: Guidance - Seismic test methods for equipments
    IEC 62040-2:2016 Uninterruptible power systems (UPS) - Part 2: Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) requirements
    IEC 60146-1-1:2009 Semiconductor converters - General requirements and line commutated converters - Part 1-1: Specification of basic requirements
    IEC 60146-2:1999 Semiconductor converters - Part 2: Self-commutated semiconductor converters including direct d.c. converters
    IEC 60068-2-2:2007 Environmental testing - Part 2-2: Tests - Test B: Dry heat
    IEC TS 61000-3-4:1998 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 3-4: Limits - Limitation of emission of harmonic currents in low-voltage power supply systems for equipment with rated current greater than 16 A
    IEC 61000-2-2:2002+AMD1:2017 CSV Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 2-2: Environment - Compatibility levels for low-frequency conducted disturbances and signalling in public low-voltage power supply systems
    IEC 60050-826:2004 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 826: Electrical installations
    IEC 60947-3:2008+AMD1:2012+AMD2:2015 CSV Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 3: Switches, disconnectors, switch-disconnectors and fuse-combination units
    IEC 60068-2-1:2007 Environmental testing - Part 2-1: Tests - Test A: Cold
    IEC 60050-111:1996 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 111: Physics and chemistry
    IEC 60947-6-1:2005+AMD1:2013 CSV Low-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 6-1: Multiple functionequipment - Transfer switching equipment
    IEC TR 61000-2-8:2002 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 2-8: Environment - Voltage dips and short interruptions on public electric power supply systems with statistical measurement results
    IEC 60664-1:2007 Insulation coordination for equipment within low-voltage systems - Part 1: Principles, requirements and tests
    IEC 60990:2016 Methods of measurement of touch current and protective conductor current
    ISO 7779:2010 Acoustics Measurement of airborne noise emitted by information technology and telecommunications equipment
    ISO/IEC Guide 98-3:2008 Uncertainty of measurement Part 3: Guide to the expression of uncertainty in measurement (GUM:1995)
    IEC 60364-5-52:2009 Low-voltage electrical installations - Part 5-52: Selection and erection of electrical equipment - Wiring systems
    IEC 61000-3-2 : 4.0 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 3-2: LIMITS - LIMITS FOR HARMONIC CURRENT EMISSIONS (EQUIPMENT INPUT CURRENT <= 16 A PER PHASE)
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