• IEC PAS 62271-109:2002

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

    High-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 109: Alternating-current series capacitor by-pass switches

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Superseded date:  30-08-2006

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  05-07-2002

    Publisher:  International Electrotechnical Committee

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 General
       1.1 Scope
       1.2 Normative references
    2 Normal and special service conditions
    3 Definitions
       3.1 General terms
       3.2 Assemblies
       3.3 Parts of assemblies
       3.4 Switching devices
       3.5 Parts of by-pass switches
       3.6 Operation
       3.7 Characteristic quantities
       3.8 Definitions related to series capacitor banks
       3.9 Index of definitions
    4 Ratings
       4.1 Rated voltage (U[r])
       4.2 Rated insulation level
       4.3 Rated frequency (f[r])
       4.4 Rated normal current (I[r]) and temperature rise
       4.5 Rated short-time withstand current (I[k])
       4.6 Rated peak withstand current (I[p])
       4.7 Rated duration of short circuit (t[k])
       4.8 Rated supply voltage of closing and opening devices
            and of auxiliary and control circuits (U[a])
       4.9 Rated supply frequency of closing and opening devices
            and auxiliary circuits
       4.10 Rated pressures of compressed gas supply for
            insulation, operation and/or by-passing and insertion
    5 Design and construction
       5.1 Requirements for liquids in by-pass switches
       5.2 Requirements for gases in by-pass switches
       5.3 Earthing of by-pass switches
       5.4 Auxiliary equipment
       5.5 Dependent power operation
       5.6 Stored energy operation
       5.7 Independent manual operation
       5.8 Operation of releases
       5.9 Low- and high-pressure interlocking devices
       5.10 Nameplates
       5.11 Interlocking devices
       5.12 Position indication
       5.13 Degrees of protection by enclosures
       5.14 Creepage distances
       5.15 Gas and vacuum tightness
       5.16 Liquid tightness
       5.17 Flammability
       5.18 Electromagnetic compatibility
    6 Type tests
       6.1 General
            6.1.1 Grouping of tests
            6.1.2 Information for identification of specimens
            6.1.3 Information to be included in type test reports
       6.2 Dielectric tests
            6.2.1 Ambient air conditions during tests
            6.2.2 Wet test procedure
            6.2.3 Condition of by-pass switch during dielectric
            6.2.4 Criteria to pass the test
            6.2.5 Application of test voltage and test conditions
            6.2.6 Tests of by-pass switches of U[re] <= 245 kV or
                   U[rp] <= 245 kV
            6.2.7 Tests of by-pass switches of U[re] > 245 kV or
                   U[rp] > 245 kV
            6.2.8 Artificial pollution tests
            6.2.9 Partial discharge tests
            6.2.10 Tests on auxiliary and control circuits
            6.2.11 Voltage test as a condition check
       6.3 Radio interference voltage (r.i.v.) tests
       6.4 Measurement of the resistance of the main circuit
       6.5 Temperature-rise tests
            6.5.1 Conditions of the by-pass switch to be tested
            6.5.2 Arrangement of the equipment
            6.5.3 Measurement of the temperature and the
                   temperature rise
            6.5.4 Ambient air temperature
            6.5.5 Temperature-rise tests of the auxiliary and
                   control equipment
            6.5.6 Interpretation of the temperature-rise tests
       6.6 Short-time withstand current and peak withstand current
            6.6.1 Arrangement of the by-pass switch and of the
                   test circuit
            6.6.2 Test current and duration
            6.6.3 Behaviour of the by-pass switch during test
            6.6.4 Conditions of the by-pass switch after test
       6.7 Verification of the degree of protection
            6.7.1 Verification of the IP coding
            6.7.2 Mechanical impact test
       6.8 Tightness tests
       6.9 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) tests
    7 Routine tests
       7.1 Dielectric test on the main circuit
       7.2 Dielectric test on auxiliary and control circuits
       7.3 Measurement of the resistance of the main circuit
       7.4 Tightness test
       7.5 Design and visual checks
    8 Guide to the selection of by-pass switches for service
    9 Information to be given with enquiries, tenders and orders
    10 Rules for transport, storage, installation, operation and
       10.1 Conditions during transport, storage and installation
       10.2 Installation
       10.3 Operation
       10.4 Maintenance
    11 Safety
    Annex A (normative) Tolerances on test quantities during type
    Annex B (normative) Records and reports of type tests
       B.1 Information and results to be recorded
       B.2 Information to be included in type test reports
            B.2.1 General
            B.2.2 Apparatus tested
            B.2.3 Rated characteristics of by-pass switch,
                   including its operating devices and auxiliary
            B.2.4 Test conditions (for each series of tests; if
            B.2.5 Short-time withstand current and peak withstand
                   current test
            B.2.6 No-load operation
            B.2.7 By-pass making current test-duty
            B.2.8 Insertion current test-duty
            B.2.9 Oscillographic and other records
    Annex C (informative) List of symbols and abbreviations used

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Is applicable to a.c. series capacitor by-pass switches designed for outdoor installation and for operation at frequencies of 50 Hz and 60 Hz on systems having voltages above 1 000 V.It is only applicable to by-pass switches for use in three-phase systems.This specification is also applicable to the operating devices of by-pass switches and to their auxiliary equipment.This specification does not cover vacuum by-pass switches.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Document Type Miscellaneous Product
    Publisher International Electrotechnical Committee
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEC 60480:2004 Guidelines for the checking and treatment of sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) taken from electrical equipment and specification for its re-use
    IEC 62271-100:2008+AMD1:2012+AMD2:2017 CSV High-voltage switchgear and controlgear - Part 100: Alternating-current circuit-breakers
    IEC 60143-2:2012 Series capacitors for power systems - Part 2: Protective equipment for series capacitor banks
    IEC 60255-3:1989 Electrical relays - Part 3: Single input energizing quantity measuring relays with dependent or independent time
    IEC 60143-1:2015 Series capacitors for power systems - Part 1: General
    IEC 60050-601:1985 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 601: Generation, transmission and distribution of electricity - General
    IEC 60099-4:2014 Surge arresters - Part 4: Metal-oxide surge arresters without gaps for a.c. systems
    IEC 60050-151:2001 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 151: Electrical and magnetic devices
    IEC 60050-441:1984 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 441: Switchgear, controlgear and fuses
    IEC 60427:2000 Synthetic testing of high-voltage alternating current circuit-breakers
    IEC 60376:2005 Specification of technical grade sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) for use in electrical equipment
    IEC 61166:1993 High-voltage alternating current circuit-breakers - Guide for seismic qualification of high-voltage alternating current circuit-breakers
    IEC 60517:1990 Gas-insulated metal-enclosed switchgear for rated voltages of 72.5 kV and above
    IEC 60694:1996+AMD1:2000+AMD2:2001 CSV Common specifications for high-voltage switchgear and controlgear standards
    IEC 60296:2012 RLV Fluids for electrotechnical applications - Unused mineral insulating oils for transformers and switchgear
    IEC 60129:1984 Alternating current disconnectors and earthing switches
    IEC 60529:1989+AMD1:1999+AMD2:2013 CSV Degrees of protection provided by enclosures (IP Code)
    IEC 60137:2017 Insulated bushings for alternating voltages above 1000 V
    IEC 60050-436:1990 International Electrotechnical Vocabulary (IEV) - Part 436: Power capacitors
    IEC 60059:1999+AMD1:2009 CSV IEC standard current ratings
    IEC 60298:1990 A.C. metal-enclosed switchgear and controlgear for rated voltages above 1 kV and up to and including 52 kV
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