• IEC TS 61245:2015

    Current The latest, up-to-date edition.

    Artificial pollution tests on high-voltage ceramic and glass insulators to be used on d.c. systems

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF, PDF 3 Users, PDF 5 Users, PDF 9 Users

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  30-03-2015

    Publisher:  International Electrotechnical Committee

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    FOREWORD
    INTRODUCTION
    1 Scope
    2 Normative references
    3 Terms and definitions
    4 General test requirements
    5 Salt fog method
    6 Solid layer method
    Annex A (informative) - Method for checking the uniformity
            of the layer
    Annex B (informative) - Determination of the withstand
            characteristics of insulators
    Annex C (informative) - Additional recommendations concerning
            the solid layer method procedures
    Annex D (informative) - Information to check equipment for
            artificial pollution tests
    Annex E (informative) - Supplementary information on artificial
            pollution tests on insulators for voltage systems of
            [+/-] 600 kV and above (solid layer method procedure B)
    Annex F (informative) - Further investigation
    Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEC TS 61245:2015(E) is applicable for the determination of the d.c. withstand characteristics of ceramic and glass insulators to be used outdoors and exposed to polluted atmospheres, on d.c. systems with the highest voltage of the system greater than +/- 1 000 V. These tests are not applicable to polymeric insulators, to greased insulators or to special types of insulators (e.g. insulators with semiconducting glaze or covered with any organic insulating material). The object of this technical specification is to prescribe procedures for artificial pollution tests applicable to insulators for overhead lines, substations and traction lines and to bushings. This second edition cancels and replaces the first edition published in 1993. This edition constitutes a technical revision. This edition includes the following significant technical changes with respect to the previous edition:
    a) Corrections and the addition of explanatory material;
    b) The addition of Clause 4.4.2 on atmospheric correction;
    c) The change of upper limit of volume conductivity of tap water for insulator cleaning to 0,1 S/m;
    d) The extension to UHV voltages; and
    e) The addition of Annex B "Determination of the withstand characteristics of insulators" and Annex E "Supplementary information on artificial pollution tests on insulators for voltage systems of +/- 600 kV and above (solid layer method procedure B).
    The contents of the corrigendum of August 2018 have been included in this copy.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee TC 36
    Development Note Stability date: 2017. (04/2015)
    Document Type Technical Specification
    Publisher International Electrotechnical Committee
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    EN 50123-7-3:2003 Railway applications - Fixed installations - D.C. switchgear - Part 7-3: Measurement, control and protection devices for specific use in d.c. traction systems - Isolating voltage transducers and other voltage measuring devices
    NF EN 62199 : 2004 BUSHINGS FOR D.C. APPLICATION
    06/30126000 DC : DRAFT MAY 2006 IEC 60815-1 - SELECTION AND DIMENSIONING OF HIGH-VOLTAGE INSULATORS FOR POLLUTED CONDITIONS - PART 1: DEFINITIONS, INFORMATION AND GENERAL PRINCIPLES
    UNE-EN 50124-1:2017 Railway applications - Insulation coordination - Part 1: Basic requirements - Clearances and creepage distances for all electrical and electronic equipment
    CEI EN 62231 : 2007 COMPOSITE STATION POST INSULATORS FOR SUBSTATIONS WITH A.C. VOLTAGES GREATER THAN 1000 V UP TO 245 KV - DEFINITIONS, TEST METHODS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
    BS PD IEC/TS 60815-4 : 2016 SELECTION AND DIMENSIONING OF HIGH-VOLTAGE INSULATORS INTENDED FOR USE IN POLLUTED CONDITIONS - PART 4: INSULATORS FOR D.C. SYSTEMS
    I.S. EN 50123-3:2003 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - PART 3: INDOOR D.C. DISCONNECTORS, SWITCH-DISCONNECTORS AND EARTHING SWITCHES
    NBR 15643 : 2014 POLYMERIC INSULATORS FOR INDOOR AND OUTDOOR USE WITH NOMINAL VOLTAGE GREATER THAN 1000 V - DESIGN TESTS
    BS EN 62155 : 2003 HOLLOW PRESSURIZED AND UNPRESSURIZED CERAMIC AND GLASS INSULATORS FOR USE IN ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT WITH RATED VOLTAGES GREATER THAN 1000 V
    CEI EN 62217 : 2013 POLYMERIC HV INSULATORS FOR INDOOR AND OUTDOOR USE - GENERAL DEFINITIONS, TEST METHODS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
    UNE-EN 62217:2013 Polymeric HV insulators for indoor and outdoor use - General definitions, test methods and acceptance criteria
    02/207434 DC : 0 IEC 60815-2/TS. ED.1.0 - SELECTION AND DIMENSIONING OF HIGH-VOLTAGE INSULATORS FOR POLLUTED CONDITIONS - PART 2: CERAMIC AND GLASS INSULATORS FOR A.C. SYSTEMS
    11/30243837 DC : 0 BS EN 62217 - POLYMERIC HV INSULATORS FOR INDOOR AND OUTDOOR USE - GENERAL DEFINITIONS, TEST METHODS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
    NF EN 50119 : 2010 AMD 1 2013 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - ELECTRIC TRACTION OVERHEAD CONTACT LINES
    17/30341013 DC : DRAFT AUG 2017 BS EN 50119 - RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - ELECTRIC TRACTION OVERHEAD CONTACT LINES
    BS EN 50123-7-3 : 2003 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - PART 7-3: MEASUREMENT, CONTROL AND PROTECTION DEVICES FOR SPECIFIC USE IN D.C. TRACTION SYSTEMS - ISOLATING VOLTAGE TRANSDUCERS AND OTHER VOLTAGE MEASURING DEVICES
    BS EN 50123-2 : 2003 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - PART 2: D.C. CIRCUIT BREAKERS
    BS EN 50123-7-1 : 2003 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - PART 7-1: MEASUREMENT, CONTROL AND PROTECTION DEVICES FOR SPECIFIC USE IN D.C. TRACTION SYSTEMS - APPLICATION GUIDE
    IEEE 4 : 2013 HIGH-VOLTAGE TESTING TECHNIQUES
    11/30215604 DC : 0 BS IEC 60913 - RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - ELECTRIC TRACTION OVERHEAD CONTACT LINES
    CEI EN 62155 : 2004 HOLLOW PRESSURIZED AND UNPRESSURIZED CERAMIC AND GLASS INSULATORS FOR USE IN ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT WITH RATED VOLTAGES GREATER THAN 1000 V
    NBR IEC/TS 60815-1 : 2014 SELECTION AND DIMENSIONING OF HIGH VOLTAGE INSULATORS INTENDED FOR USE IN POLLUTED CONDITIONS - PART 1: DEFINITIONS, INFORMATION AND GENERAL PRINCIPLES
    BS EN 50119 : 2009 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - ELECTRIC TRACTION OVERHEAD CONTACT LINES
    EN IEC/IEEE 65700 : 2018 BUSHINGS FOR DC APPLICATION (IEC/IEEE 65700-19-03:2014)
    95/206959 DC : 0 IEC 61540 - PORTABLE RESIDUAL CURRENT DEVICES WITHOUT INTEGRAL OVERCURRENT PROTECTION FOR HOUSEHOLD AND SIMILAR USE (PRCD'S)
    02/206482 DC : 0 IEC 60815-1 TS ED.1.0 - SELECTION AND DIMENSIONING OF HIGH-VOLTAGE INSULATORS FOR POLLUTED CONDITIONS - PART 1: DEFINITIONS, INFORMATION AND GENERAL PRINCIPLES
    BS EN 62217:2013 (published 2013-04) Polymeric HV insulators for indoor and outdoor use. General definitions, test methods and acceptance criteria
    BS EN 62199 : 2004 BUSHINGS FOR D.C. APPLICATION
    BS IEC/IEEE 65700-19-03 : 2014 BUSHINGS FOR DC APPLICATION
    11/30247685 DC : 0 BS EN 65700-19-03 - BUSHINGS FOR DC APPLICATION
    CEI EN 50123-1 : 2003 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - PART 1: GENERAL
    CSA C62155:2006 HOLLOW PRESSURIZED AND UNPRESSURIZED CERAMIC AND GLASS INSULATORS FOR USE IN ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT WITH RATED VOLTAGES GREATER THAN 1000 V
    PREN 50119 : DRAFT 2017 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - ELECTRIC TRACTION OVERHEAD CONTACT LINES
    DD IEC TS 60815-1 : 2008 SELECTION AND DIMENSIONING OF HIGH-VOLTAGE INSULATORS INTENDED FOR USE IN POLLUTED CONDITIONS - PART 1: DEFINITIONS, INFORMATION AND GENERAL PRINCIPLES
    CSA C62155 : 2006 : R2011 HOLLOW PRESSURIZED AND UNPRESSURIZED CERAMIC AND GLASS INSULATORS FOR USE IN ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT WITH RATED VOLTAGES GREATER THAN 1000 V
    BS EN 62231 : 2007 COMPOSITE STATION POST INSULATORS FOR SUBSTATIONS WITH A.C. VOLTAGES GREATER THAN 1000 V UP TO 245 KV - DEFINITIONS, TEST METHODS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
    CSA C1325 : 1999 : R2016 INSULATORS FOR OVERHEAD LINES WITH A NOMINAL VOLTAGE ABOVE 1000 V - CERAMIC OR GLASS INSULATOR UNITS FOR D.C. SYSTEMS - DEFINITIONS, TEST METHODS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
    NF EN 50123-1 : 2004 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - PART 1: GENERAL
    CSA C62155 : 2006 : R2015 HOLLOW PRESSURIZED AND UNPRESSURIZED CERAMIC AND GLASS INSULATORS FOR USE IN ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT WITH RATED VOLTAGES GREATER THAN 1000 V
    CSA C1325 : 1999 : R2011 INSULATORS FOR OVERHEAD LINES WITH A NOMINAL VOLTAGE ABOVE 1000 V - CERAMIC OR GLASS INSULATOR UNITS FOR D.C. SYSTEMS - DEFINITIONS, TEST METHODS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
    NBR 16081 : 2012 CERAMIC OR GLASS INSULATORS UNITS FOR D.C. SYSTEMS - SPECIFICATION, TEST METHODS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
    EN 50123-7-2:2003 Railway applications - Fixed installations - D.C. switchgear - Part 7-2: Measurement, control and protection devices for specific use in d.c. traction systems - Isolating current transducers and other current measuring devices
    IEC TS 63014-1:2018 High voltage direct current (HVDC) power transmission - System requirements for DC-side equipment - Part 1: Using line-commutated converters
    BS EN 50123-1 : 2003 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - PART 1: GENERAL
    I.S. EN 50123-4:2003 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - PART 4: OUTDOOR D.C. DISCONNECTORS, SWITCH-DISCONNECTORS AND EARTHING SWITCHES
    IEEE 1898 : 2016 HIGH-VOLTAGE DIRECT-CURRENT (HVDC) COMPOSITE POST INSULATORS
    CEI EN 61325 : 1998 INSULATORS FOR OVERHEAD LINES WITH A NOMINAL VOLTAGE ABOVE 1000 V CERAMIC OR GLASS INSULATOR UNITS FOR D.C. SYSTEMS DEFINITIONS, TEST METHODS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
    I.S. EN 50123-1:2003 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - GENERAL
    I.S. EN 61325:1997 INSULATORS FOR OVERHEAD LINES WITH A NOMINAL VOLTAGE ABOVE 1000 V - CERAMIC OR GLASS INSULATOR UNITS FOR D.C. SYSTEMS - DEFINITIONS, TEST METHODS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
    IEEE 1277 : 2010 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND TEST CODE FOR DRY-TYPE AND OIL-IMMERSED SMOOTHING REACTORS FOR DC POWER TRANSMISSION
    I.S. EN 62217:2013 POLYMERIC HV INSULATORS FOR INDOOR AND OUTDOOR USE - GENERAL DEFINITIONS, TEST METHODS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA (IEC 62217:2012 (EQV))
    CEI 36-41 : 2011 SELECTION AND DIMENSIONING OF HIGH-VOLTAGE INSULATORS INTENDED FOR USE IN POLLUTED CONDITIONS - PART 1: DEFINITIONS, INFORMATION AND GENERAL PRINCIPLES
    CEI EN 62199 : 2005 BUSHINGS FOR D.C. APPLICATION
    BS EN 50123-7-2 : 2003 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - PART 7-2: MEASUREMENT, CONTROL AND PROTECTION DEVICES FOR SPECIFIC USE IN D.C. TRACTION SYSTEMS - ISOLATING CURRENT TRANSDUCERS AND OTHER CURRENT MEASURING DEVICES
    I.S. EN IEC/IEEE 65700:2018 BUSHINGS FOR DC APPLICATION
    I.S. EN 50123-2:2003 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - D.C. CIRCUIT BREAKERS
    I.S. EN 50124-1:2017 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - INSULATION COORDINATION - PART 1: BASIC REQUIREMENTS - CLEARANCES AND CREEPAGE DISTANCES FOR ALL ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
    I.S. EN 50123-7-3:2003 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - PART 7-3: MEASUREMENT, CONTROL AND PROTECTION DEVICES FOR SPECIFIC USE IN D.C. TRACTION SYSTEMS - ISOLATING VOLTAGE TRANSDUCERS AND OTHER VOLTAGE MEASURING DEVICES
    IEC 60913:2013 Railway applications - Fixed installations - Electric traction overhead contact lines
    IEC TS 60815-4:2016 Selection and dimensioning of high-voltage insulators intended for use in polluted conditions - Part 4: Insulators for d.c. systems
    I.S. EN 62155:2003 HOLLOW PRESSURIZED AND UNPRESSURIZED CERAMIC AND GLASS INSULATORS FOR USE IN ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT WITH RATED VOLTAGES GREATER THAN 1000 V
    IEC TS 60815-1:2008 Selection and dimensioning of high-voltage insulators intended for use in polluted conditions - Part 1: Definitions, information and general principles
    I.S. EN 62199:2004 BUSHINGS FOR D.C. APPLICATION
    IEC 62155:2003 Hollow pressurized and unpressurized ceramic and glass insulators for use in electrical equipment with rated voltages greater than 1 000 V
    I.S. EN 50123-7-2:2003 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - PART 7-2: MEASUREMENT, CONTROL AND PROTECTION DEVICES FOR SPECIFIC USE IN D.C. TRACTION SYSTEMS - ISOLATING CURRENT TRANSDUCERS AND OTHER CURRENT MEASURING DEVICES
    I.S. EN 62231:2007 COMPOSITE STATION POST INSULATORS FOR SUBSTATIONS WITH A.C. VOLTAGES GREATER THAN 1 000 V UP TO 245 KV - DEFINITIONS, TEST METHODS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
    IEC/IEEE 65700-19-03:2014 Bushings for DC application
    I.S. EN 50119:2009 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - ELECTRIC TRACTION OVERHEAD CONTACT LINES
    IEC 62497-1:2010+AMD1:2013 CSV Railway applications - Insulation coordination - Part 1: Basic requirements - Clearances and creepage distances for all electricaland electronic equipment
    IEC 61325:1995 Insulators for overhead lines with a nominal voltage above 1000 V - Ceramic or glass insulator units for d.c. systems - Definitions, test methods and acceptance criteria
    I.S. EN 50119:2020 Railway applications - Fixed installations - Electric traction overhead contact lines
    IEC 62231:2006 Composite station post insulators for substations with a.c. voltages greater than 1 000 V up to 245 kV - Definitions, test methods and acceptance criteria
    IEC 62199:2004 Bushings for d.c. application
    EN 50119 : 2009 AMD 1 2013 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - ELECTRIC TRACTION OVERHEAD CONTACT LINES
    IEC 62217:2012 Polymeric HV insulators for indoor and outdoor use - General definitions, test methods and acceptance criteria
    EN 62155 : 2003 HOLLOW PRESSURIZED AND UNPRESSURIZED CERAMIC AND GLASS INSULATORS FOR USE IN ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT WITH RATED VOLTAGES GREATER THAN 1000 V
    EN 62231 : 2006 COMPOSITE STATION POST INSULATORS FOR SUBSTATIONS WITH A.C. VOLTAGES GREATER THAN 1000 V UP TO 245 KV - DEFINITIONS, TEST METHODS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA
    EN 62199 : 2004 BUSHINGS FOR D.C. APPLICATION
    EN 50123-7-1:2003 Railway applications - Fixed installations - D.C. switchgear - Part 7-1: Measurement, control and protection devices for specific use in d.c. traction systems - Application guide
    EN 50123-1:2003 Railway applications - Fixed installations - D.C. switchgear - Part 1: General
    EN 50123-4:2003/A1:2013 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - PART 4: OUTDOOR D.C. DISCONNECTORS, SWITCH-DISCONNECTORS AND EARTHING SWITCHES
    EN 61325 : 1995 Insulators for overhead lines with a nominal voltage above 1 kV - Ceramic or glass insulator units for d.c. systems - Definitions, test methods and acceptance criteria
    EN 50123-2:2003 Railway applications - Fixed installations - D.C. switchgear - Part 2: D.C. circuit breakers
    EN 62217:2013 POLYMERIC HV INSULATORS FOR INDOOR AND OUTDOOR USE - GENERAL DEFINITIONS, TEST METHODS AND ACCEPTANCE CRITERIA (IEC 62217:2012)
    EN 50123-3:2003/A1:2013 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - FIXED INSTALLATIONS - D.C. SWITCHGEAR - PART 3: INDOOR D.C. DISCONNECTORS, SWITCH-DISCONNECTORS AND EARTHING SWITCHES

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEC 60060-2:2010 High-voltage test techniques - Part 2: Measuring systems
    AS 61869.14:2021 Instrument transformers Additional requirements for current transformers for DC applications (IEC 61869-14:2018 (ED 1.0) MOD)
    IEC 60060-1:2010 High-voltage test techniques - Part 1: General definitions and test requirements
    IEC 60507:2013 Artificial pollution tests on high-voltage ceramic and glass insulators to be used on a.c. systems
    IEC TS 60815-1:2008 Selection and dimensioning of high-voltage insulators intended for use in polluted conditions - Part 1: Definitions, information and general principles
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