• CLC/TR 50669 : 2017

    Current The latest, up-to-date edition.

    INVESTIGATION RESULTS ON ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE IN THE FREQUENCY RANGE BELOW 150 KHZ

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    Published date:  15-12-2017

    Publisher:  European Committee for Standards - Electrical

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    European foreword
    Introduction
    1 Scope
    2 General
    3 Specific situation in the frequency range 2 kHz - 150 kHz
    4 Dimension of the EMC problem & Environment
    5 Situation of emission levels and EMI
    6 Specific EMC issues
    7 Measurement issues
    8 Emissions - Measurement and test results
    9 EMI cases - Measurement and test results
    10 Standardisation, Legislation & Regulation
    11 Conclusions
    12 Recommendations
    Annex A - MCS robustness - A set of basic
              principles for field proven effective PLC
              systems operating in the CENELEC A-Band
    Annex B - Measurement issues: Frequency-domain
              vs. Time-domain analysis
    Annex C - Comparison of measurement methods
              for the frequency range 2 kHz - 150 kHz
    Annex D - Acronyms and abbreviations
    Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Following to [1, 2, 3] having proceeded with the collection of related information, with this Technical Report, further extended information is provided including: - the given EMC problems in the frequency range 2 kHz - 150 kHz, concerning EMC between electrical equipment in general as well as EMC between non-mains communicating equipment / systems (NCE) and mains communicating systems (MCS) as a particular issue - the given situation of related emissions in the grid, with other measurement results - EMI cases and related investigation results - new findings on parameters to be considered when dealing with EMC in this frequency range, in particular related to - the impact of the network impedance and its variation over time on the more or less disturbing effect of emissions in this frequency range - the behaviour of emissions in this frequency range over time and the increasing need for performing also time domain measurements for comprehensively evaluating emissions and their disturbance potential - the actual standardisation situation - needs for the future, concerning - measurement of related emissions - investigation on the impedance of the grid / in installations over time - closing gaps in standardisation - installation guidelines and possibly regulatory measures related to the ageing effect.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee TC 219
    Document Type Technical Report
    Publisher European Committee for Standards - Electrical
    Status Current

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEC 61000-4-19:2014 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-19: Testing and measurement techniques - Test for immunity to conducted, differential mode disturbances and signalling in the frequency range 2 kHz to 150 kHz at a.c. power ports
    EN 50160 : 2010 AMD 1 2015 VOLTAGE CHARACTERISTICS OF ELECTRICITY SUPPLIED BY PUBLIC ELECTRICITY NETWORKS
    IEC 61000-4-30 : 3.0EN+(REDLINE+VERSION) ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 4-30: TESTING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES - POWER QUALITY MEASUREMENT METHODS
    EN 61000-4-30:2015/AC:2017-01 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 4-30: TESTING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES - POWER QUALITY MEASUREMENT METHODS (IEC 61000-4-30:2015/COR1:2016)
    IEC 61000-4-4 : 3.0EN+(REDLINE+VERSION) ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 4-4: TESTING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES - ELECTRICAL FAST TRANSIENT/BURST IMMUNITY TEST
    IEC TR 60725:2012 Consideration of reference impedances and public supply network impedances for use in determining the disturbance characteristics of electrical equipment having a rated current 75 A per phase
    IEC TS 62578:2015 Power electronics systems and equipment - Operation conditions and characteristics of active infeed converter (AIC) applications including design recommendations for their emission values below 150 kHz
    2012/27/EU : 2012 AMD 1 2013 DIRECTIVE 2012/27/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL OF 25 OCTOBER 2012 ON ENERGY EFFICIENCY, AMENDING DIRECTIVES 2009/125/EC AND 2010/30/EU AND REPEALING DIRECTIVES 2004/8/EC AND 2006/32/EC (TEXT WITH EEA RELEVANCE)
    2004/22/EC : 2004 DIRECTIVE 2004/22/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL OF 31 MARCH 2004 ON MEASURING INSTRUMENTS
    CISPR 16-2-1:2014 Specification for radio disturbance and immunity measuring apparatus and methods - Part 2-1: Methods of measurement of disturbances and immunity - Conducted disturbance measurements
    EN 61000-4-7:2002/A1:2009 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 4-7: TESTING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES - GENERAL GUIDE ON HARMONICS AND INTERHARMONICS MEASUREMENTS AND INSTRUMENTATION, FOR POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT CONNECTED THERETO (IEC 61000-4-7:2002/A1:2008)
    IEC 61000-4-12 : 3.0 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 4-12: TESTING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES - RING WAVE IMMUNITY TEST
    EN 61000-2-2:2002/A1:2017 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - ENVIRONMENT - COMPATIBILITY LEVELS FOR LOW-FREQUENCY CONDUCTED DISTURBANCES AND SIGNALLING IN PUBLIC LOW-VOLTAGE POWER SUPPLY SYSTEMS (IEC 61000-2-2:2002/A1:2017)
    IEC 61334-3-1:1998 Distribution automation using distribution line carrier systems - Part 3-1: Mains signalling requirements - Frequency bands and output levels
    EN 55022:2010/AC:2011 INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY EQUIPMENT - RADIO DISTURBANCE CHARACTERISTICS - LIMITS AND METHODS OF MEASUREMENT (CISPR 22:2008)
    IEC 61000-3-8:1997 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 3: Limits - Section 8: Signalling on low-voltage electrical installations - Emission levels, frequency bands and electromagnetic disturbance levels
    EN 61000-4-12:2017 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 4-12: TESTING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES - RING WAVE IMMUNITY TEST
    EN 61334-5-1 : 2001 DISTRIBUTION AUTOMATION USING DISTRIBUTION LINE CARRIER SYSTEMS - LOWER LAYER PROFILES - THE SPREAD FREQUENCY SHIFT KEYING (S-FSK) PROFILE
    IEC 61000-2-2:2002+AMD1:2017 CSV Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 2-2: Environment - Compatibility levels for low-frequency conducted disturbances and signalling in public low-voltage power supply systems
    2014/53/EU : 2014 COR 1 2015 DIRECTIVE 2014/53/EU OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL OF 16 APRIL 2014 ON THE HARMONISATION OF THE LAWS OF THE MEMBER STATES RELATING TO THE MAKING AVAILABLE ON THE MARKET OF RADIO EQUIPMENT AND REPEALING DIRECTIVE 1999/5/EC TEXT WITH EEA RELEVANCE
    CLC/TR 50579:2012 ELECTRICITY METERING EQUIPMENT (A.C.) - SEVERITY LEVELS, IMMUNITY REQUIREMENTS AND TEST METHODS FOR CONDUCTED DISTURBANCES IN THE FREQUENCY RANGE 2 KHZ - 150 KHZ
    IEC 61000-4-7:2002+AMD1:2008 CSV Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-7: Testing and measurement techniques - General guide on harmonics and interharmonics measurements and instrumentation, for power supply systems and equipment connected thereto
    119999/5/EC : 1999 DIRECTIVE 1999/5/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL OF 9 MARCH 1999 ON RADIO EQUIPMENT AND TELECOMMUNICATIONS TERMINAL EQUIPMENT AND THE MUTUAL RECOGNITION OF THEIR CONFORMITY
    EN 61000-4-4:2012 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 4-4: TESTING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES - ELECTRICAL FAST TRANSIENT/BURST IMMUNITY TEST (IEC 61000-4-4:2012)
    EN 50065-1:2011 SIGNALLING ON LOW-VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS IN THE FREQUENCY RANGE 3 KHZ TO 148,5 KHZ - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS, FREQUENCY BANDS AND ELECTROMAGNETIC DISTURBANCES
    EN 61000-4-19 : 2014 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 4-19: TESTING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES - TEST FOR IMMUNITY TO CONDUCTED, DIFFERENTIAL MODE DISTURBANCES AND SIGNALLING IN THE FREQUENCY RANGE 2 KHZ TO 150 KHZ AT A.C. POWER PORTS (IEC 61000-4-19:2014)
    IEC 61851-21-1:2017 Electric vehicle conductive charging system - Part 21-1 Electric vehicle on-board charger EMC requirements for conductive connection to AC/DC supply
    2009/125/EC : 2009 AMD 1 2012 DIRECTIVE 2009/125/EC OF THE EUROPEAN PARLIAMENT AND OF THE COUNCIL OF 21 OCTOBER 2009 ESTABLISHING A FRAMEWORK FOR THE SETTING OF ECODESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR ENERGY-RELATED PRODUCTS (RECAST) (TEXT WITH EEA RELEVANCE)
    EN 55014-1:2017 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY - REQUIREMENTS FOR HOUSEHOLD APPLIANCES, ELECTRIC TOOLS AND SIMILAR APPARATUS - PART 1: EMISSION (CISPR 14-1:2016 + COR1:2016)
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