• CEN Guide 12:2006

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    Child safety - Guidance for its inclusion in standards

    Available format(s): 

    Withdrawn date:  11-03-2023

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  30-06-2006

    Publisher:  Comite Europeen de Normalisation

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Foreword
    1 Scope
    2 Normative references
    3 Terms and definitions
    4 Background to childhood development
       4.1 How children's safety differs from adults' safety
       4.2 Children's need to explore, experiment and learn
            from mistakes
    5 Criteria for assessing risks and hazards
       5.1 Developmental approach to child safety
       5.2 Adult safety and alternative approaches
       5.3 Children's ages and abilities
       5.4 The roles of carers
       5.5 Cultural, generational and gender differences
       5.6 Limits to the reduction of risks
    6 Relating child safety to development stages
       6.1 The basic development/age bands
       6.2 Children aged under 3 years old
       6.3 Children and young people aged 3-11 years old
       6.4 Young people aged 12 years old and over
    7 Using appropriate terminology
       7.1 Children
       7.2 Carers
       7.3 Communicating with the target groups
    8 Assessing child safety
       8.1 Summarizing issues that need to be addressed under
            the Child Safety Mandate
       8.2 Foreseeing exposure
       8.3 Analysing reports of accidents involving children
            and young people
       8.4 Foreseeing other potential hazards to children
            and young people
    9 Approaches to protection
       9.1 Identifying effective methods of protection
       9.2 Recommending minimum ages or other characteristics
       9.3 Recommending minimum competence levels
    Annex A (informative) Introduction to Annexes B - F
            A.1 Approach
            A.2 Relating the tables to the hazard identification
                 and prevention steps
            A.3 Sources of knowledge and expert opinion from
                 which the annexes are derived
    Annex B (informative) CHARACTERISTICS OF CHILD DEVELOPMENT
    Annex C (informative) Examples illustrating the development
            and behaviour of young children up to approximately
            3 years
    Annex D (informative) Examples illustrating the development
            and behaviour of children/young people aged
            approximately 3 years and over
    Annex E (informative) Application of guidance
    Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This Guide provides guidance for European Standards’ writers on meeting the requirements of European Commission mandate M/293 to address issues of child safety in standards.Note In the preparation of this guide it is noted that the approach and philosophy utilised in the preparation of standards for products, constructions and services will depend on whether specific levels of qualified supervision are required or not. This Guide does not exclude consideration of hazards where the means of protecting adults are equally effective for children. Generally, however, it does not refer to safety requirements that are not particular to children.The scope of this Guide overlaps with that of guidance in some directives or mandates covering products, constructions or services intended for children, e.g. toys, childcare articles. Guidance for specific products, constructions or services intended for children is more appropriate than this general child safety guidance.This Guide is applicable to existing or potential standards for products, constructions or services that might:-be potentially harmful to children but not adults; or -pose greater risks to children than adults; or-require means of protection for children that are additional or different to those that are effective for adults.This Guide does not consider children with special needs.Where products, constructions or services are subject to regulatory requirements, e.g. European legislation or national laws, these requirements take precedence over any conflicting information given in this Guide.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee CEN/BT
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher Comite Europeen de Normalisation
    Status Withdrawn
    Superseded By

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEC 60598-2-10:2003 Luminaires - Part 2-10: Particular requirements - Portable luminaires for children
    EN 60598-2-10:2003/corrigendum Aug. 2005 LUMINAIRES - PART 2-10: PARTICULAR REQUIREMENTS - PORTABLE LUMINAIRES FOR CHILDREN
    BS 7272-2:2000 Writing and marking instruments Specification for end closures
    ISO 13215-3:1999 Road vehicles — Reduction of misuse risk of child restraint systems — Part 3: Prediction and assessment of misuse by Misuse Mode and Effect Analysis (MMEA)
    EN 836:1997+A4:2011 Garden equipment - Powered lawnmowers - Safety
    ISO 11540:2014 Writing and marking instruments Specification for caps to reduce the risk of asphyxiation
    BS 4163:2000 HEALTH AND SAFETY FOR DESIGN AND TECHNOLOGY IN SCHOOLS AND SIMILAR ESTABLISHMENTS - CODE OF PRACTICE
    CEN/TR 13387 : 2004 CHILD USE AND CARE ARTICLES - SAFETY GUIDELINES
    ISO/IEC Guide 14:2003 Purchase information on goods and services intended for consumers
    BS 7907:1997 Code of practice for the design and manufacture of children\'s clothing to promote mechanical safety
    BS 7328:1990 Specification for model steam engines and internal combustion engines for models
    CR 14379:2002 Classification of toys - Guidelines
    ISO/IEC Guide 51:2014 Safety aspects Guidelines for their inclusion in standards
    ISO/IEC Guide 50:2014 Safety aspects — Guidelines for child safety in standards and other specifications
    EN ISO 8317:2015 Child-resistant packaging - Requirements and testing procedures for reclosable packages (ISO 8317:2015)
    ISO/IEC Guide 37:2012 Instructions for use of products by consumers
    EN 50088 : 96 COR 2007 SAFETY OF ELECTRIC TOYS
    ISO 8317:2015 Child-resistant packaging Requirements and testing procedures for reclosable packages
    ISO 13215-2:1999 Road vehicles — Reduction of misuse risk of child restraint systems — Part 2: Requirements and test procedures for correct installation (panel method)
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