• NFPA 556 : 2020

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

    GUIDE ON METHODS FOR EVALUATING FIRE HAZARD TO OCCUPANTS OF PASSENGER ROAD VEHICLES

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy

    Superseded date:  31-05-2023

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-01-2020

    Publisher:  National Fire Protection Association

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Chapter 1 Administration 1.1 Scope. 1.2 Purpose. 1.3 Application. 1.4 Units and Formulas. Chapter 2 Referenced Publications 2.1 General. 2.2 NFPA Publications. 2.3 Other Publications. 2.4 References for Extracts in Advisory Sections. Chapter 3 Definitions 3.1 General. 3.2 NFPA Definitions. 3.3 General Definitions. Chapter 4 Types of Vehicles 4.1 General. Chapter 5 General Description of Passenger Road Vehicle Fires and Background Information 5.1 Fire Statistics. 5.2 Materials Used in Passenger Road Vehicles. 5.3 Current Prescriptive Testing. 5.4 Noncombustible Material. 5.5 Limited-Combustible Material. 5.6 Fire Performance Properties. 5.7 Tenability Criteria. Chapter 6 Approach to Evaluating Passenger Road Vehicle Fire Hazard 6.1 General. 6.2 Basic Performance-Based Approach. 6.3 Design Considerations. 6.4 Regulatory Considerations.Chapter 7 Objectives and Design Criteria 7.1 Objectives. 7.2 Design Criteria. Chapter 8 Selecting Candidate Design 8.1 General. Chapter 9 Typical Fire Scenarios to Be Investigated 9.1 General. 9.2 Passenger Road Vehicle Motion. 9.3 Factors Contributing to Ignition. 9.4 Areas of Fire Origination. 9.5 Fire Scenarios. Chapter 10 Evaluation Methods and Tools 10.1 General. 10.2 Use of Test Methods. 10.3 Relevant Test Methods and Evaluation Tools. Chapter 11 Individual Fire Scenarios 11.1 Fires Starting in the Passenger Compartment. 11.2 Fires Starting in the Engine Compartment. 11.3 Fires Starting Inside the Trunk or Load-Carrying Area. 11.4 Pool Fires Resulting from Fuel Tank Failure and Burning Under the Vehicle. 11.5 Fires Resulting from Other External Heat Sources. Chapter 12 Further Guidance 12.1 Traditional Approach. 12.2 Mitigation Strategies. 12.3 Testing to Assess Improved Fire Performance of Materials or Products. Annex A Explanatory Material Annex B Fire Retardants Annex C Informational References

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This document addresses issues associated with the development of hazardous conditions from fire involving passenger road vehicles and the time available for safe egress or rescue.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Document Type Guide
    Product Note THIS STANDARD IS ALSO REFERES TO :ECE R34.01,49 CFR 571.302/FMVSS 302
    Publisher National Fire Protection Association
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM E 603 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Room Fire Experiments
    UL 1685:4ED 2015-07 Vertical-Tray Fire-Propagation and Smoke-Release Test for Electrical and Optical-Fiber Cables
    ASTM E 2574/E2574M : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Fire Testing of School Bus Seat Assemblies
    CFR 49(PTS400-571) : OCT 2017 TRANSPORTATION
    UL 9:8ED 2009-07 Standard for Fire Tests of Window Assemblies
    NFPA 921 : 2017 GUIDE FOR FIRE AND EXPLOSION INVESTIGATIONS
    ASTM D 5132 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Horizontal Burning Rate of Polymeric Materials Used in Occupant Compartments of Motor Vehicles
    NFPA 270 : 2013 STANDARD TEST METHOD FOR MEASUREMENT OF SMOKE OBSCURATION USING A CONICAL RADIANT SOURCE IN A SINGLE CLOSED CHAMBER
    NFPA 101 : 2018 LIFE SAFETY CODE
    ASTM D 6113 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Using a Cone Calorimeter to Determine Fire-Test-Response Characteristics of Insulating Materials Contained in Electrical or Optical Fiber Cables
    ASTM E 2102 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Measurement of Mass Loss and Ignitability for Screening Purposes Using a Conical Radiant Heater
    NFPA 289 : 2013 STANDARD METHOD OF FIRE TEST FOR INDIVIDUAL FUEL PACKAGES
    ASTM E 2067 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Practice for Full-Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimetry Fire Tests
    ISO 3795:1989 Road vehicles, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry — Determination of burning behaviour of interior materials
    ANSI/SAE Z26.1:1996 SAFETY GLAZING MATERIALS FOR GLAZING MOTOR VEHICLES AND MOTOR VEHICLE EQUIPMENT OPERATING ON LAND HIGHWAYS - SAFETY STANDARD
    NFPA SFPE PERFORMANCE BASED FIRE PROT : 2006 SFPE ENGINEERING GUIDE TO PERFORMANCE-BASED FIRE PROTECTION
    ASTM D 3675 : 2017 : REDLINE TEST METHOD FOR SURFACE FLAMMABILITY OF FLEXIBLE CELLULAR MATERIALS USING A RADIANT HEAT ENERGY SOURCE
    ASTM E 1546 : 2015 : REDLINE Standard Guide for Development of Fire-Hazard-Assessment Standards
    ISO/TS 17431:2006 Fire tests Reduced-scale model box test
    NFPA 260 : 2013 STANDARD METHODS OF TESTS AND CLASSIFICATION SYSTEM FOR CIGARETTE IGNITION RESISTANCE OF COMPONENTS OF UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE
    ASTM E 662 : 2017-02 TEST METHOD FOR SPECIFIC OPTICAL DENSITY OF SMOKE GENERATED BY SOLID MATERIALS
    ASTM E 1474 : 2014 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determining the Heat Release Rate of Upholstered Furniture and Mattress Components or Composites Using a Bench Scale Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    NFPA 261 : 2013 TEST FOR DETERMINING RESISTANCE OF MOCK-UP UPHOLSTERED FURNITURE MATERIAL ASSEMBLIES TO IGNITION BY SMOLDERING CIGARETTES
    SAE J 2464 : 2009 ELECTRIC AND HYBRID ELECTRIC VEHICLE RECHARGEABLE ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEM (RESS) SAFETY AND ABUSE TESTING
    NFPA 555 : 2017 METHODS FOR EVALUATING POTENTIAL FOR ROOM FLASHOVER
    BS EN 13823 : 2010 REACTION TO FIRE TESTS FOR BUILDING PRODUCTS - BUILDING PRODUCTS EXCLUDING FLOORINGS EXPOSED TO THE THERMAL ATTACK BY A SINGLE BURNING ITEM
    NFPA 257 : 2017 FIRE TEST FOR WINDOW AND GLASS BLOCK ASSEMBLIES
    NFPA 268 : 2017 TEST METHOD FOR DETERMINING IGNITIBILITY OF EXTERIOR WALL ASSEMBLIES USING A RADIANT HEAT ENERGY SOURCE
    NFPA 318 : 2018 PROTECTION OF SEMICONDUCTOR FABRICATION FACILITIES
    UL 263:14ED 2011-06 Fire Tests of Building Construction and Materials
    ASTM E 162 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Surface Flammability of Materials Using a Radiant Heat Energy Source
    ASTM E 1354 : 2017 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Heat and Visible Smoke Release Rates for Materials and Products Using an Oxygen Consumption Calorimeter
    ASTM E 1623 : 2016 : REDLINE Standard Test Method for Determination of Fire and Thermal Parameters of Materials, Products, and Systems Using an Intermediate Scale Calorimeter (ICAL)
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