• IEEE C95.3 : 2002

    Superseded A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

    RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR MEASUREMENTS AND COMPUTATIONS OF RADIO FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS WITH RESPECT TO HUMAN EXPOSURE TO SUCH FIELDS, 100 KHZ - 300 GHZ

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Superseded date:  02-06-2021

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  01-01-2002

    Publisher:  Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1. Overview
       1.1 Scope
       1.2 Purpose
       1.3 Frequency range
       1.4 Quantities and parameters to be measured
       1.5 Types of situations covered
    2. References
    3. Definitions
    4. Measurement problems associated with RF hazard assessment
       4.1 Characteristics of RF EM radiation
       4.2 Summary of the measurement problem
       4.3 SAR measurement problems
       4.4 Induced current measurement problems
    5. Instrumentation
       5.1 Instrumentation for external field measurements
       5.2 Desirable electrical performance characteristics
       5.3 Desirable physical characteristics
       5.4 Instrument types for external field measurements
       5.5 External field measuring instruments
       5.6 Instruments for measuring induced (body) current
       5.7 Instruments for measuring internal fields and SAR
    6. Measurement of potentially hazardous exposure fields
       6.1 Preliminary considerations
       6.2 Safety precautions
       6.3 Measurement procedures for external fields
       6.4 Induced body current and contact current measurements
       6.5 Measurement procedures for internal fields (SAR)
       6.6 Estimation of SAR from external exposure-field
           measurement data
    7. Theoretical calculations of SAR
       7.1 General
       7.2 Factors affecting the internal fields
       7.3 Low-frequency internal fields
       7.4 High-frequency behavior
       7.5 Methods of calculation
       7.6 Theoretical considerations for the determination
           of SAR associated with near-field exposures
    Annex A (informative) Additional calibration techniques for
                          external field measuring instruments
    Annex B (informative) Theoretical calculations of exposure
                          fields
    Annex C (informative) Additional techniques for SAR
                          measurement
    Annex D (informative) Finite difference time domain (FDTD)
                          method
    Annex E (informative) Peak spatial-average SAR
    Annex F (informative) Normalized on-axis power density:
                          circular aperture
    Annex G (informative) Bibliography

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Provides specifications for preferred methods for measuring and computing external radio frequency electromagnetic fields to which persons may be exposed. Specifies preferred methods for the measurement and computation of the resulting fields and currents that are induced in bodies of humans exposed to these fields over the frequency range of 100 kHz - 300 GHz.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Committee IEEE
    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers
    Status Superseded
    Superseded By
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    MIL M 81927 : B MANUAL, TECHNICAL, GENERAL STYLE AND FORMAT OF (WORK PACKAGE CONCEPT)
    CEI 211-7/C : 2010 GUIDE FOR THE MEASUREMENT AND THE EVALUATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS IN THE FREQUENCY RANGE 10 KHZ - 300 GHZ, WITH REFERENCE TO THE HUMAN EXPOSURE - APPENDIX C: SISTEMS TO IMPLEMENT WIDEBAND WIRELESS ACCESS AND CONNECTION
    AECTP-500 : 2016 ELECTROMAGNETIC ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS TESTS AND VERIFICATION
    CEI EN 50496 : 2010 DETERMINATION OF WORKERS' EXPOSURE TO ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND ASSESSMENT OF RISK AT A BROADCAST SITE
    BS IEC/IEEE 62704-2 : 2017 DETERMINING THE PEAK SPATIAL-AVERAGE SPECIFIC ABSORPTION RATE (SAR) IN THE HUMAN BODY FROM WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES, 30 MHZ TO 6 GHZ - PART 2: SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR FINITE DIFFERENCE TIME DOMAIN (FDTD) MODELLING OF EXPOSURE FROM VEHICLE MOUNTED ANTENNAS
    I.S. EN 62232:2017 DETERMINATION OF RF FIELD STRENGTH, POWER DENSITY AND SAR IN THE VICINITY OF RADIOCOMMUNICATION BASE STATIONS FOR THE PURPOSE OF EVALUATING HUMAN EXPOSURE
    MIL STD 3001/1 : A PREPARATION OF DIGITAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION FOR MULTI-OUTPUT PRESENTATION OF TECHNICAL MANUALS (PART 1 OF 8 PARTS)
    BS EN 62226-1 : 2005 EXPOSURE TO ELECTRIC OR MAGNETIC FIELDS IN THE LOW AND INTERMEDIATE FREQUENCY RANGE - METHODS FOR CALCULATING THE CURRENT DENSITY AND INTERNAL ELECTRIC FIELD INDUCED IN THE HUMAN BODY - PART 1: GENERAL
    EN 62232 : 2017 DETERMINATION OF RF FIELD STRENGTH, POWER DENSITY AND SAR IN THE VICINITY OF RADIOCOMMUNICATION BASE STATIONS FOR THE PURPOSE OF EVALUATING HUMAN EXPOSURE (IEC 62232:2017)
    AAMI ISO TIR 10974 : 2012 ASSESSMENT OF THE SAFETY OF MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING FOR PATIENTS WITH AN ACTIVE IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE
    IEC/IEEE 62704-2:2017 Determining the peak spatial-average specific absorption rate (SAR) in the human body from wireless communications devices, 30 MHz to 6 GHz - Part 2: Specific requirements for finite difference time domain (FDTD) modelling of exposure from vehicle mounted antennas
    EN 61000-4-20:2010 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 4-20: TESTING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES - EMISSION AND IMMUNITY TESTING IN TRANSVERSE ELECTROMAGNETIC (TEM) WAVEGUIDES
    BS EN 61000-4-20:2003 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 4-20: TESTING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES - EMISSION AND IMMUNITY TESTING IN TRANSVERSE ELECTROMAGNETIC (TEM) WAVEGUIDES
    13/30276624 DC : 0 BS EN 62704-1 ED 1.0 - RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR DETERMINING THE PEAK SPATIAL-AVERAGE SPECIFIC ABSORPTION RATE (SAR) IN THE HUMAN BODY FROM WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES; 30 MHZ -6 GHZ - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR USING THE FINITE DIFFERENCE TIME DOMAIN (FDTD) METHOD SAR CALCULATIONS
    ANSI C63.19 : 2011 METHODS OF MEASUREMENT OF COMPATIBILITY BETWEEN WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES AND HEARING AIDS
    CEI EN 62226-1 : 2006 EXPOSURE TO ELECTRIC OR MAGNETIC FIELDS IN THE LOW AND INTERMEDIATE FREQUENCY RANGE - METHODS FOR CALCULATING THE CURRENT DENSITY AND INTERNAL ELECTRIC FIELD INDUCED IN THE HUMAN BODY - PART 1: GENERAL
    ISO 19859:2016 Gas turbine applications Requirements for power generation
    CEI EN 61000-4-20 : 2013 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 4-20: TESTING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES - EMISSION AND IMMUNITY TESTING IN TRANSVERSE ELECTROMAGNETIC (TEM) WAVEGUIDES
    IEEE C95.1-2345:2014 MILITARY WORKPLACES - FORCE HEALTH PROTECTION REGARDING PERSONNEL EXPOSURE TO ELECTRIC, MAGNETIC, AND ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS, 0 HZ TO 300 GHZ
    ISO/TR 10305-2:2003 Road vehicles Calibration of electromagnetic field strength measuring devices Part 2: IEEE standard for calibration of electromagnetic field sensors and probes, excluding antennas, from 9 kHz to 40 GHz
    I.S. EN 62226-1:2005 EXPOSURE TO ELECTRIC OR MAGNETIC FIELDS IN THE LOW AND INTERMEDIATE FREQUENCY RANGE - METHODS FOR CALCULATING THE CURRENT DENSITY AND INTERNAL ELECTRIC FIELD INDUCED IN THE HUMAN BODY - PART 1: GENERAL
    BS IEC 62232 : 2011 DETERMINATION OF RF FIELD STRENGTH AND SAR IN THE VICINITY OF RADIOCOMMUNICATION BASE STATIONS FOR THE PURPOSE OF EVALUATING HUMAN EXPOSURE
    13/30276620 DC : 0 BS EN 62704-2 ED 1.0 - DETERMINING THE PEAK SPATIAL-AVERAGE SPECIFIC ABSORPTION RATE (SAR) IN THE HUMAN BODY FROM WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES 30MHZ - 6MHZ - PART 2: SPECIFIC REQUIREMENTS FOR FINITE DIFFERENCE TIME DOMAIN (FDTD) MODELING OF EXPOSURE FROM VEHICLE MOUNTED ANTENNAS
    IEEE 1309 : 2013 CALIBRATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD SENSORS AND PROBES (EXCLUDING ANTENNAS) FROM 9 KHZ TO 40 GHZ
    BS EN 62232:2017 Determination of RF field strength, power density and SAR in the vicinity of radiocommunication base stations for the purpose of evaluating human exposure (IEC 62232:2017)
    IEC/IEEE 62704-1:2017 Determining the peak spatial-average specific absorption rate (SAR) in the human body from wireless communications devices, 30 MHz to 6 GHz - Part 1: General requirements for using the finite difference time-domain (FDTD) method for SAR calculations
    BS EN 50496:2008 DETERMINATION OF WORKERS' EXPOSURE TO ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS AND ASSESSMENT OF RISK AT A BROADCAST SITE
    IEEE C95.1 : 2005 SAFETY LEVELS WITH RESPECT TO HUMAN EXPOSURE TO RADIO FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS, 3 KHZ TO 300 GHZ
    ANSI C95.5 : 1981 RF AND MICROWAVE ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS, RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR MEASUREMENT OF HAZARDOUS,
    IEEE 475 : 2000 IEEE STANDARD MEASUREMENT PROCEDURE FOR FIELD DISTURBANCE SENSORS 300 MHZ TO 40 GHZ
    ISO/TS 10974:2012 Assessment of the safety of magnetic resonance imaging for patients with an active implantable medical device
    IEC 62232:2017 Determination of RF field strength, power density and SAR in the vicinity of radiocommunication base stations for the purpose of evaluating human exposure
    I.S. EN 61000-4-20:2010 ELECTROMAGNETIC COMPATIBILITY (EMC) - PART 4-20: TESTING AND MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES - EMISSION AND IMMUNITY TESTING IN TRANSVERSE ELECTROMAGNETIC (TEM) WAVEGUIDES
    UNE-EN 61000-4-20:2011 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) -- Part 4-20: Testing and measurement techniques - Emission and immunity testing in Transverse Electromagnetic (TEM) waveguides - Basic EMC publication
    BS ISO 19859 : 2016 GAS TURBINE APPLICATIONS - REQUIREMENTS FOR POWER GENERATION
    IEC 61000-4-20:2010 Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) - Part 4-20: Testing and measurement techniques - Emission and immunity testing in transverse electromagnetic (TEM) waveguides
    IEEE DRAFT C63.19 : 2005 METHODS OF MEASUREMENT OF COMPATIBILITY BETWEEN WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES AND HEARING AIDS
    IEEE C95.7 : 2014 RADIO FREQUENCY SAFETY PROGRAMS, 3 KHZ TO 300 GHZ
    BS PD ISO/TS 10974 : 2012 ASSESSMENT OF THE SAFETY OF MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING FOR PATIENTS WITH AN ACTIVE IMPLANTABLE MEDICAL DEVICE
    BS PD IEC TR 62630 : 2010 GUIDANCE FOR EVALUATING EXPOSURE FROM MULTIPLE ELECTROMAGNETIC SOURCES
    IEC TR 62630:2010 Guidance for evaluating exposure from multiple electromagnetic sources
    CEI 211-7 : 2001 GUIDE FOR THE MEASUREMENT AND THE EVALUATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS IN THE FREQUENCY RANGE 10 KHZ - 300 GHZ, WITH REFERENCE TO THE HUMAN EXPOSURE
    IEEE 1528 : 2013 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR DETERMINING THE PEAK SPATIAL-AVERAGE SPECIFIC ABSORPTION RATE (SAR) IN THE HUMAN HEAD FROM WIRELESS COMMUNICATIONS DEVICES: MEASUREMENT TECHNIQUES
    14/30244780 DC : 0 BS ISO 19859 - GAS TURBINE APPLICATIONS - REQUIREMENTS FOR POWER GENERATION
    IEC 62226-1:2004 Exposure to electric or magnetic fields in the low and intermediate frequency range - Methods for calculating the current density and internal electric field induced in the human body - Part 1: General
    EN 62226-1 : 2005 EXPOSURE TO ELECTRIC OR MAGNETIC FIELDS IN THE LOW AND INTERMEDIATE FREQUENCY RANGE - METHODS FOR CALCULATING THE CURRENT DENSITY AND INTERNAL ELECTRIC FIELD INDUCED IN THE HUMAN BODY - PART 1: GENERAL

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEEE 1309 : 2013 CALIBRATION OF ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELD SENSORS AND PROBES (EXCLUDING ANTENNAS) FROM 9 KHZ TO 40 GHZ
    ANSI C63.4 : 2014 METHODS OF MEASUREMENT OF RADIO-NOISE EMISSIONS FROM LOW-VOLTAGE ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT IN THE RANGE OF 9 KHz TO 40 GHz
    SAE ARP 958 : 1999 ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE MEASUREMENT ANTENNAS; STANDARD CALIBRATION METHOD
    ANSI C63.2 : 2009 SPECIFICATIONS OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE AND FIELD STRENGTH MEASURING INSTRUMENTATION IN THE FREQUENCY RANGE 9 KHZ TO 40 GHZ
    IEEE C95.1 : 2005 SAFETY LEVELS WITH RESPECT TO HUMAN EXPOSURE TO RADIO FREQUENCY ELECTROMAGNETIC FIELDS, 3 KHZ TO 300 GHZ
    MIL STD 462 : D MEASUREMENT OF ELECTROMAGNETIC INTERFERENCE CHARACTERISTICS
    ANSI/NCSL Z540 2 : 1997(R2012) U.S. GUIDE TO EXPRESSION OF UNCERTAINTY IN MEASUREMENT
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