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UNI EN 815 : 2009

Superseded

Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

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superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

SAFETY OF UNSHIELDED TUNNEL BORING MACHINES AND RODLESS SHAFT BORING MACHINES FOR ROCK - SAFETY REQUIREMENTS

Superseded date

11-09-2014

Published date

01-01-2009

Foreword
Introduction
1 Scope
  1.1 Field of application
  1.2 Description of the machines
  1.3 Hazards
  1.4 This European Standard applies primarily to
       machines which are manufactured after the this
       European Standard
2 Normative references
3 Definitions
4 List of significant hazards
  4.1 Mechanical hazards
  4.2 Electrical hazards
  4.3 Thermal hazards
  4.4 Hazards generated by noise
  4.5 Hazards generated by vibrations
  4.6 Hazards generated by laser
  4.7 Hazards generated by materials and substances
  4.8 Hazards generated by neglect of ergonomic
       principles
  4.9 Hazards caused by failure of energy supply
  4.10 Hazards caused by missing and/or incorrectly
       positioned safety related measures
5 Safety requirements and/or provisions
  5.1 General safety requirements
       5.1.1 Contact surfaces
       5.1.2 Hoses and pipes under pressure
  5.2 Cutter head
  5.3 Handling of heavy loads
       5.3.1 Transport and lifting
       5.3.2 Handling of machine parts
       5.3.3 Handling of elements for rock support
  5.4 Gripping and regripping
  5.5 Access to and egress from operating positions
       and servicing points
       5.5.1 General
       5.5.2 Walkways
       5.5.3 Access openings
  5.6 Protection against falling objects and flood
       5.6.1 Falling objects
       5.6.2 Flood
  5.7 Control points
       5.7.1 Ergonomics
       5.7.2 Visibility
       5.7.3 Cab
  5.8 Guards and protective devices
       5.8.1 General
       5.8.2 Specification of guards
       5.8.3 Access to cutter head
       5.8.4 Conveyor
  5.9 Control systems and devices
       5.9.1 General
       5.9.2 Control systems
       5.9.3 Control devices
       5.9.4 Starting, warning systems, stopping
              and emergency stopping
       5.9.5 Failure of the power supply
  5.10 Towing connection
  5.11 Laser guidance
  5.12 Ventilation, control of dust and gas
       5.12.1 General
       5.12.2 Dust suppression
       5.12.3 Dedusting
       5.12.4 Atmospheric changes
  5.13 Noise
  5.14 Electrical equipment
       5.14.1 General
       5.14.2 Protective measures
       5.14.3 Cables and leads
       5.14.4 Transformers
       5.14.5 Bonding
       5.14.6 Switch gear
       5.14.7 Lighting
       5.14.8 Emergency lighting
  5.15 Isolation of power supply
  5.16 Energy supply other than electricity
  5.17 Fire protection
       5.17.1 Fire extinguishing system
       5.17.2 Fixed fire extinguishing systems
       5.17.3 Installation of portable fire extinguishers
       5.17.4 Water sprays
  5.18 Storage of safety equipment for personnel
  5.19 Indicators
       5.19.1 Marking
       5.19.2 Warning signs
       5.19.3 Warning devices
       5.19.4 Symbols
  5.20 Maintenance
6 Verification of safety measures and/or provisions
7 Information for use
  7.1 General
  7.2 Instruction handbooks
       7.2.1 General
       7.2.2 Identification of handbooks
       7.2.3 Content of operator's handbook
       7.2.4 Content of maintenance handbook
       7.2.5 Spare parts list
Annex A (normative) - Protective measures for electrical
        accessories and lighting
Annex B (informative) - Bibliography
Annex C (informative) - Figures
Annex ZA (informative) - Relationship between this
         European Standard and the Essential Requirements
         of EU Directive 98/37/EC
Annex ZB (informative) - Relationship between this
         European Standard and the Essential Requirements
         of EU Directive 2006/42/EC

Applies to unshielded tunnel boring machines, TBM's, and rodless shaft boring machines, SBM's, and their towed or attached back-up equipment for driving tunnels or shafts in rock where the whole area is excavated in one or more steps by mechanical means.

DocumentType
Standard
PublisherName
Ente Nazionale Italiano di Unificazione (UNI)
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

ISO 3449:2005 Earth-moving machinery — Falling-object protective structures — Laboratory tests and performance requirements
IEC 60079-10:2002 Electrical apparatus for explosive gas atmospheres - Part 10: Classification of hazardous areas
EN 418 : 1992 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - EMERGENCY STOP EQUIPMENT, FUNCTIONAL ASPECTS - PRINCIPLES FOR DESIGN
EN 982:1996+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components - Hydraulics
EN 981:1996+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - System of auditory and visual danger and information signals
ISO/TR 11688-1:1995 Acoustics Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment Part 1: Planning
EN 61310-2:2008 Safety of machinery - Indication, marking and actuation - Part 2: Requirements for marking
ISO 6405-2:2017 Earth-moving machinery Symbols for operator controls and other displays Part 2: Symbols for specific machines, equipment and accessories
EN ISO 3457:2008 Earth-moving machinery - Guards - Definitions and requirements (ISO 3457:2003)
EN 22860 : 1985 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - MINIMUM ACCESS DIMENSIONS INCORPORATING AN AGREED COMMON MODIFICATION
ISO 4413:2010 Hydraulic fluid power General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components
EN 23164 : 1985 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - LABORATORY EVALUATIONS OF ROLL-OVER & FALLING-OBJECT PROTECTIVE STRUCTURES - SPECIFICATION FOR THE DEFLECTION-LIMITING VOLUME
EN 292-1 : 1991 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - BASIC CONCEPTS, GENERAL PRINCIPLES FOR DESIGN - BASIC TERMINOLOGY, METHODOLOGY
EN 60947-1:2007/A2:2014 LOW-VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR - PART 1: GENERAL RULES (IEC 60947-1:2007/A2:2014)
ISO 3795:1989 Road vehicles, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry — Determination of burning behaviour of interior materials
EN 563:1994/A1:1999/AC:2000 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - TEMPERATURES OF TOUCHABLE SURFACES - ERGONOMICS DATA TO ESTABLISH TEMPERATURE LIMIT VALUES FOR HOT SURFACES
ISO 4301-2:2009 Cranes Classification Part 2: Mobile cranes
ISO 6405-1:2017 Earth-moving machinery Symbols for operator controls and other displays Part 1: Common symbols
EN 25353 : 1988 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY & TRACTORS & MACHINERY FOR AGRICULTURE & FORESTRY - SEAT INDEX POINT
EN 23411 : 1988 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - HUMAN PHYSICAL DIMENSIONS OF OPERATORS & MINIMUM OPERATOR SPACE ENVELOPE
EN 60439-1:1999/A1:2004 LOW VOLTAGE SWITCHGEAR AND CONTROLGEAR ASSEMBLIES - PART 1 - TYPE TESTED AND PARTIALLY TYPE TESTED ASSEMBLIES
ENV 1070 : 1993 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - TERMINOLOGY
EN 983:1996+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Safety requirements for fluid power systems and their components - Pneumatics
EN 954-1 : 1996 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - SAFETY-RELATED PARTS OF CONTROL SYSTEMS - PART 1: GENERAL PRINCIPLES FOR DESIGN
ISO 4414:2010 Pneumatic fluid power General rules and safety requirements for systems and their components
EN 60825 : 1991 RADIATION SAFETY OF LASER PRODUCTS, EQUIPMENT CLASSIFICATION, REQUIREMENTS AND USER'S GUIDE
EN 292-2 : 91 AMD 1 95 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - BASIC CONCEPTS, GENERAL PRINCIPLES FOR DESIGN - TECHNICAL PRINCIPLES AND SPECIFICATION
EN 60529:1991/AC:2016-12 DEGREES OF PROTECTION PROVIDED BY ENCLOSURES (IP CODE) (IEC 60529 EDITION 2.2 CORRIGENDUM 2:2015)
ISO 4301-1:2016 Cranes — Classification — Part 1: General
ISO 3864:1984 Safety colours and safety signs
ISO 2867:2011 Earth-moving machinery Access systems
ISO/TR 11688-2:1998 Acoustics Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment Part 2: Introduction to the physics of low-noise design
EN 61310-1:2008 Safety of machinery - Indication, marking and actuation - Part 1: Requirements for visual, acoustic and tactile signals
EN 50014:1997/A2:1999 ELECTRICAL APPARATUS FOR POTENTIALLY EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES - GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
EN ISO 11202:2010 Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions applying approximate environmental corrections (ISO 11202:2010)
EN 60204-1 : 2006 COR 2010 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT OF MACHINES - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS

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