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EN 60812:2006

Superseded

Superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

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superseded

A superseded Standard is one, which is fully replaced by another Standard, which is a new edition of the same Standard.

Analysis techniques for system reliability - Procedure for failure mode and effects analysis (FMEA)

Superseded date

04-03-2020

Published date

17-05-2006

FOREWORD
1 Scope
2 Normative references
3 Terms and definitions
4 Overview
  4.1 Introduction
  4.2 Purpose and objectives of the analysis
5 Failure modes and effects analysis
  5.1 General considerations
  5.2 Preliminary tasks
  5.3 Failure mode, effects, and criticality
      analysis (FMECA)
  5.4 Report of analysis
6 Other considerations
  6.1 Common-cause failures
  6.2 Human factors
  6.3 Software errors
  6.4 FMEA regarding consequences of system failure
7 Applications
  7.1 Use of FMEA/FMECA
  7.2 Benefits of FMEA
  7.3 Limitations and deficiencies of FMEA
  7.4 Relationships with other methods
Annex A (informative) Summary of procedures for FMEA and FMECA
Annex B (informative) Examples of analyses
Annex ZA (normative) Normative references to international
                       publications with their corresponding
                       European publications
Bibliography

This International Standard describes Failure Mode and Effects Analysis (FMEA) and Failure Mode, Effects and Criticality Analysis (FMECA), and gives guidance as to how they may be applied to achieve various objectives by: providing the procedural steps necessary to perform analysis; identifying appropriate terms; defining basic principles; providing examples of the necessary worksheets or other tabular forms.

Committee
CLC/SR 56
DevelopmentNote
Supersedes HD 485 (05/2006)
DocumentType
Standard
PublisherName
European Committee for Standards - Electrical
Status
Superseded
SupersededBy
Supersedes

Standards Relationship
OVE/ONORM EN 60812 : 2006 Identical
BS EN 60812:2006 Identical
IEC 60812:2006 Identical
I.S. EN 60812:2006 Identical
NEN EN IEC 60812 : 2006 Identical
SN EN 60812 : 2006 Identical
CEI EN 60812 : 2006 Identical
DIN EN 60812:2015-08 (Draft) Identical
NBN EN 60812 : 2006 Identical
PN EN 60812 : 2009 Identical
UNE-EN 60812:2008 Identical
NF EN 60812 : 2006 Identical
UNE-EN 60812:2006 Identical

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BS EN 61427-2:2015 Secondary cells and batteries for renewable energy storage. General requirements and methods of test On-grid applications
BS EN 61226:2010 Nuclear power plants. Instrumentation and control important to safety. Classification of instrumentation and control functions
I.S. EN 14593-1:2005 RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE DEVICES - COMPRESSED AIR LINE BREATHING DEVICES WITH DEMAND VALVE - PART 1: DEVICES WITH A FULL FACE MASK - REQUIREMENTS, TESTING AND MARKING
CEI EN 61869-6 : 1ED 2017 INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS - PART 6: ADDITIONAL GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR LOW-POWER INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS
CEI EN 60300-3-12 : 2012 DEPENDABILITY MANAGEMENT - PART 3-12: APPLICATION GUIDE - INTEGRATED LOGISTIC SUPPORT
BS EN 50495:2010 Safety devices required for the safe functioning of equipment with respect to explosion risks
BS EN 61907:2010 Communication network dependability engineering
BS EN 61078:2016 Reliability block diagrams
BS EN 62282-3-1:2007 Fuel cell technologies Stationary fuel cell power systems. Safety
CEI EN 50495 : 2011 SAFETY DEVICES REQUIRED FOR THE SAFE FUNCTIONING OF EQUIPMENT WITH RESPECT TO EXPLOSION RISKS
CEI EN 62308 : 2010 EQUIPMENT RELIABILITY - RELIABILITY ASSESSMENT METHODS
I.S. EN 62282-5-1:2012 FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES - PART 5-1: PORTABLE FUEL CELL POWER SYSTEMS - SAFETY (IEC 62282-5-1:2012 (EQV))
EN 50126-1:2017 Railway Applications - The Specification and Demonstration of Reliability, Availability, Maintainability and Safety (RAMS) - Part 1: Generic RAMS Process
I.S. EN 61869-6:2016 INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS - PART 6: ADDITIONAL GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR LOW-POWER INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMERS
EN 62282-3-1 : 2007 FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES - PART 3-1: STATIONARY FUEL CELL POWER SYSTEMS - SAFETY
EN 61162-460:2015 Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Digital interfaces - Part 460: Multiple talkers and multiple listeners - Ethernet interconnection - Safety and security
EN 60300-3-12:2011 Dependability management - Part 3-12: Application guide - Integrated logistic support
EN 62940:2017 Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems - Integrated communication system (ICS) - Operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results
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EN 60300-3-4:2008 Dependability management - Part 3-4: Application guide - Guide to the specification of dependability requirements
EN 61869-6:2016 Instrument transformers - Part 6: Additional general requirements for low-power instrument transformers
EN 61907:2010 Communication network dependability engineering
EN 61882:2016 Hazard and operability studies (HAZOP studies) - Application guide
EN 62308 : 2006 EQUIPMENT RELIABILITY - RELIABILITY ASSESSMENT METHODS
EN 50495:2010 Safety devices required for the safe functioning of equipment with respect to explosion risks
EN 61025:2007 Fault tree analysis (FTA)
BS EN 61869-6:2016 Instrument transformers Additional general requirements for low-power instrument transformers
UNE-EN 50495:2010 Safety devices required for the safe functioning of equipment with respect to explosion risks
BS EN 62282-5-1:2012 Fuel cell technologies Portable fuel cell power systems. Safety
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BS EN 60706-2:2006 Maintainability of equipment Maintainability requirements and studies during the design and development phase
PREN 14387 : DRAFT 2017 RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE DEVICES - GAS FILTER(S) AND COMBINED FILTER(S) - REQUIREMENTS, TESTING, MARKING
PREN 14593-1 : DRAFT 2016 RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE DEVICES - COMPRESSED AIR LINE BREATHING APPARATUS WITH DEMAND VALVE - PART 1: DEVICES WITH A FULL FACE MASK- REQUIREMENTS, TESTING AND MARKING
17/30348247 DC : 0 BS EN 14593-1 - RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE DEVICES - COMPRESSED AIR LINE BREATHING APPARATUS WITH DEMAND VALVE - PART 1: DEVICES WITH A FULL FACE MASK - REQUIREMENTS, TESTING AND MARKING
BS EN 60300-3-12:2011 Dependability management Application guide. Integrated logistic support
CEI EN 60706-2 : 2006 MAINTAINABILITY OF EQUIPMENT - PART 2: MAINTAINABILITY REQUIREMENTS AND STUDIES DURING THE DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT PHASE
CEI EN 60300-3-11 : 2011 DEPENDABILITY MANAGEMENT - PART 3-11: APPLICATION GUIDE - RELIABILITY CENTRED MAINTENANCE
BS EN 62308:2006 Equipment reliability. Reliability assessment methods
UNE-EN 62402:2011 Obsolescence management - Application guide
EN 61226:2010 Nuclear power plants - Instrumentation and control important to safety - Classification of instrumentation and control functions
I.S. EN 60300-3-11:2009 DEPENDABILITY MANAGEMENT - PART 3-11: APPLICATION GUIDE - RELIABILITY CENTRED MAINTENANCE
I.S. EN 62282-3-1:2007 FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES - PART 3-1: STATIONARY FUEL CELL POWER SYSTEMS - SAFETY
BS EN 61496-1:2013 Safety of machinery. Electro-sensitive protective equipment General requirements and tests
UNE-EN 60300-3-11:2013 Dependability management -- Part 3-11: Application guide - Reliability centred maintenance
PREN 14594 : DRAFT 2016 RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE DEVICES - CONTINUOUS FLOW COMPRESSED AIR LINE BREATHING DEVICES - REQUIREMENTS, TESTING AND MARKING
EN 60987:2015 Nuclear power plants - Instrumentation and control important to safety - Hardware design requirements for computer-based systems
DIN EN 15233:2007-11 Methodology for functional safety assessment of protective systems for potentially explosive atmospheres
BS EN 15233:2007 Methodology for functional safety assessment of protective systems for potentially explosive atmospheres
I.S. EN 14143:2013 RESPIRATORY EQUIPMENT - SELF-CONTAINED RE-BREATHING DIVING APPARATUS
VDI 4068 Blatt 1:2016-03 Competent persons - Qualification criteria and commissioning
VDI 4007:2012-06 Reliability goals - Determination, check, review, certificate
VDI 4003:2007-03 Reliability management
VDI 4002 Blatt 2:2011-09 Reliability Engineer - Requirements for qualification
VDI/VDE 3516 Blatt 1:1978-10 Process analytical equipment
VDI 2263 Blatt 7.1:2013-03 Dust fires and dust explosions - Hazards - assessment - protective measures - Fire and explosion protection in spraying and drying integrated equipment - Examples
VDI/VDE 3528 Blatt 1:2017-06 Requirements of commercial grade products and criteria for their use in the instrumentation and control systems important to safety in nuclear power plants - General part
I.S. EN 60987:2015 NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS - INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL IMPORTANT TO SAFETY - HARDWARE DESIGN REQUIREMENTS FOR COMPUTER-BASED SYSTEMS
BS EN 60987:2015 Nuclear power plants. Instrumentation and control important to safety. Hardware design requirements for computer-based systems
12/30268377 DC : 0 BS EN 50156-2 - ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT FOR FURNACES AND ANCILLARY EQUIPMENT - PART 2: REQUIREMENTS FOR DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT AND TYPE APPROVAL OF SAFETY DEVICES AND SUBSYSTEMS
PREN 50156-2 : DRAFT 2012 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT FOR FURNACES AND ANCILLARY EQUIPMENT - PART 2: REQUIREMENTS FOR DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT AND TYPE APPROVAL OF SAFETY DEVICES AND SUBSYSTEMS
NF EN 50495 : 2010 SAFETY DEVICES REQUIRED FOR THE SAFE FUNCTIONING OF EQUIPMENT WITH RESPECT TO EXPLOSION RISKS
BS EN 60300-3-15:2009 Dependability management Application guide. Engineering of system dependability
EN 61078 : 1991 RELIABILITY BLOCK DIAGRAMS (IEC 61078:2016)
I.S. EN 50495:2010 SAFETY DEVICES REQUIRED FOR THE SAFE FUNCTIONING OF EQUIPMENT WITH RESPECT TO EXPLOSION RISKS
I.S. EN 60706-2:2006 MAINTAINABILITY OF EQUIPMENT - PART 2: MAINTAINABILITY REQUIREMENTS AND STUDIES DURING THE DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT PHASE
I.S. EN 60300-3-12:2011 DEPENDABILITY MANAGEMENT - PART 3-12: APPLICATION GUIDE - INTEGRATED LOGISTIC SUPPORT
DIN EN 14143:2013-10 RESPIRATORY EQUIPMENT - SELF-CONTAINED RE-BREATHING DIVING APPARATUS
DIN EN 15233 E : 2007 METHODOLOGY FOR FUNCTIONAL SAFETY ASSESSMENT OF PROTECTIVE SYSTEMS FOR POTENTIALLY EXPLOSIVE ATMOSPHERES
UNE-EN 60300-3-12:2014 Dependability management - Part 3-12: Application guide - Integrated logistic support
EN 61496-1:2013/AC:2015 SAFETY OF MACHINERY - ELECTRO-SENSITIVE PROTECTIVE EQUIPMENT - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND TESTS (IEC 61496-1:2012)
UNI EN 14143 : 2013 RESPIRATORY EQUIPMENT - SELF-CONTAINED RE-BREATHING DIVING APPARATUS
16/30339594 DC : DRAFT DEC 2016 BS EN 50129 - RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - COMMUNICATION, SIGNALLING AND PROCESSING SYSTEMS - SAFETY RELATED ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS FOR SIGNALLING
17/30348244 DC : 0 BS EN 14594 - RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE DEVICES - CONTINUOUS FLOW COMPRESSED AIR LINE BREATHING DEVICES - REQUIREMENTS, TESTING AND MARKING
BS EN 50156-2:2015 Electrical equipment for furnaces and ancillary equipment Requirements for design, development and type approval of safety devices and subsystems
UNE-EN 62282-3-1:2011 Fuel cell technologies - Part 3-1: Stationary fuel cell power systems - Safety
BS EN 61508-7:2010 Functional safety of electrical/electronic/ programmable electronic safety related systems Overview of techniques and measures
PREN 50126-1 : DRAFT 2015 RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - THE SPECIFICATION AND DEMONSTRATION OF RELIABILITY, AVAILABILITY, MAINTAINABILITY AND SAFETY (RAMS) - PART 1: GENERIC RAMS PROCESS
BS EN 62551:2012 Analysis techniques for dependability. Petri net techniques
BS EN 61165:2006 Application of Markov techniques
BS EN 61025:2007 Fault tree analysis (FTA)
UNE-EN 61882:2017 Hazard and operability studies (HAZOP studies) - Application guide
BS EN 61882:2016 Hazard and operability studies (HAZOP studies). Application guide
BS EN 61162-460:2015 Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems. Digital interfaces Multiple talkers and multiple listeners. Ethernet interconnection. Safety and security
EN 62619:2017 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes - Safety requirements for secondary lithium cells and batteries, for use in industrial applications
I.S. EN 61226:2010 NUCLEAR POWER PLANTS - INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL IMPORTANT TO SAFETY - CLASSIFICATION OF INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL FUNCTIONS
I.S. EN 14594:2005 RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE DEVICES - CONTINUOUS FLOW COMPRESSED AIR LINE BREATHING DEVICES - REQUIREMENTS, TESTING AND MARKING
EN 14594:2018 Respiratory protective devices - Continuous flow compressed air line breathing devices - Requirements, testing and marking
I.S. EN 62308:2006 EQUIPMENT RELIABILITY - RELIABILITY ASSESSMENT METHODS
S.R. CWA 15929:2009 BEST PRACTICES FOR THE DESIGN AND DEVELOPMENT OF CRITICAL INFORMATION SYSTEMS
BS EN 14143:2013 Respiratory equipment. Self-contained re-breathing diving apparatus
UNE-EN 14143:2014 Respiratory equipment - Self-contained re-breathing diving apparatus
EN 14143:2013 Respiratory equipment - Self-contained re-breathing diving apparatus
EN 15233:2007 Methodology for functional safety assessment of protective systems for potentially explosive atmospheres
BS EN 60300-3-11:2009 Dependability management Application guide. Reliability centred maintenance
BS EN 62619:2017 Secondary cells and batteries containing alkaline or other non-acid electrolytes. Safety requirements for secondary lithium cells and batteries, for use in industrial applications
I.S. EN 50156-2:2015 ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT FOR FURNACES AND ANCILLARY EQUIPMENT - PART 2: REQUIREMENTS FOR DESIGN, DEVELOPMENT AND TYPE APPROVAL OF SAFETY DEVICES AND SUBSYSTEMS
15/30330403 DC : 0 BS EN 50126-1 - RAILWAY APPLICATIONS - THE SPECIFICATION AND DEMONSTRATION OF RELIABILITY, AVAILABILITY, MAINTAINABILITY AND SAFETY (RAMS) - PART 1: GENERIC RAMS PROCESS
BS EN 62940:2017 Maritime navigation and radiocommunication equipment and systems. Integrated communication system (ICS). Operational and performance requirements, methods of testing and required test results
BS EN 60300-3-4:2008 Dependability management Application guide. Guide to the specification of dependability requirements
EN 14593-1:2018 Respiratory protective devices - Compressed air line breathing devices with demand valve - Part 1: Devices with a full face mask - Requirements, testing and marking
EN 62551 : 2012 ANALYSIS TECHNIQUES FOR DEPENDABILITY - PETRI NET TECHNIQUES (IEC 62551:2012)
EN 62282-5-1:2012 FUEL CELL TECHNOLOGIES - PART 5-1: PORTABLE FUEL CELL POWER SYSTEMS - SAFETY (IEC 62282-5-1:2012)
EN 61508-7:2010 Functional safety of electrical/electronic/programmable electronic safety-related systems - Part 7: Overview of techniques and measures
EN 60300-3-11 : 2009 DEPENDABILITY MANAGEMENT - PART 3-11: APPLICATION GUIDE - RELIABILITY CENTRED MAINTENANCE
EN 50156-2:2015 Electrical equipment for furnaces and ancillary equipment - Part 2: Requirements for design, development and type approval of safety devices and subsystems
EN 61427-2:2015 Secondary cells and batteries for renewable energy storage - General requirements and methods of test - Part 2: On-grid applications
EN 60706-2:2006 Maintainability of equipment - Part 2: Maintainability requirements and studies during the design and development phase
EN 61165:2006 Application of Markov techniques

IEC 61025:2006 Fault tree analysis (FTA)
SAE ARP 5580 : 2012 RECOMMENDED FAILURE MODES AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS (FMEA) PRACTICES FOR NON-AUTOMOBILE APPLICATIONS
IEC 61160:2005 Design review
IEC 61078:2016 Reliability block diagrams
IEC 61165:2006 Application of Markov techniques
EN 60300-3-1:2004 Dependability management - Part 3-1: Application guide - Analysis techniques for dependability - Guide on methodology
EN 61078 : 1991 RELIABILITY BLOCK DIAGRAMS (IEC 61078:2016)
SAE J 1739 : 2009 POTENTIAL FAILURE MODE AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS IN DESIGN (DESIGN FMEA), POTENTIAL FAILURE MODE AND EFFECTS ANALYSIS IN MANUFACTURING AND ASSEMBLY PROCESSES (PROCESS FMEA)
IEC 60300-3-1:2003 Dependability management - Part 3-1: Application guide - Analysis techniques for dependability - Guide on methodology
IEC 60300-1:2014 Dependability management - Part 1: Guidance for management and application
HD 617 : 200S1 FAULT TREE ANALYSIS (FTA)
IEC 60300-3-11:2009 Dependability management - Part 3-11: Application guide - Reliability centred maintenance
IEC 60300-2:2004 Dependability management - Part 2: Guidelines for dependability management
IEC 60300-3-9:1995 Dependability management - Part 3: Application guide - Section 9: Risk analysis of technological systems
ISO 9000:2015 Quality management systems — Fundamentals and vocabulary
BS 5760-5:1991 Reliability of systems, equipment and components Guide to failure modes, effects and criticality analysis (FMEA and FMECA)

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