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BS 5839-1:2017

Current

Current

The latest, up-to-date edition.

Fire detection and fire alarm systems for buildings Code of practice for design, installation, commissioning and maintenance of systems in non-domestic premises

Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Language(s)

English

Published date

29-03-2018

Foreword
Section 1 - General
1 Scope
2 Normative references
3 Terms and definitions
4 Need for a fire detection and fire alarm system and
   type of system
5 Categories of system
6 Exchange of information and definition of responsibilities
7 Variations from the recommendations of this standard
Section 2 - Design considerations
8 Relationship between system category and protected areas
9 Actuation of other fire protection systems or safety facilities
10 Systems in explosive gas or dust atmospheres
11 System components
12 Monitoring, integrity and reliability of circuits external to
   control equipment
13 Detection zones
14 Alarm zones
15 Communication with the fire and rescue service
16 Audible alarm signals
17 Visual alarm signals
18 Fire alarm warnings for people who are Deaf and hard
   of hearing
19 Staged fire alarms
20 Manual call points
21 Types of fire detector and their selection
22 Spacing and siting of automatic fire detectors
23 Control and indicating equipment
24 Networked systems
25 Power supplies
26 Cables, wiring and other interconnections
27 Radio-linked systems
28 Electromagnetic compatibility
29 Electrical earthing
Section 3 - Limitation of false alarms and unwanted fire alarm
            signals
30 Responsibility for limitation of false alarms and unwanted fire
   alarm signals
31 Categories of false alarms
32 Acceptable rate of false alarms
33 Causes of false alarms
34 Design process for limitation of false alarms and unwanted fire
   alarm signals
35 Measures to limit false alarms and prevent unwanted fire
   alarm signals
Section 4 - Installation
36 Responsibility of installer
37 Installation practices and workmanship
38 Inspection and testing of wiring
Section 5 - Commissioning and handover
39 Commissioning
40 Documentation
41 Certification
42 Acceptance
43 Verification
Section 6 - Maintenance
44 Routine testing
45 Inspection and servicing
46 Non-routine attention
Section 7 - Users responsibilities
47 Premises management
48 Logbook
Annex A (informative) - Choice of appropriate category of fire
        detection and fire alarm system
Annex B (informative) - Typical noise levels in buildings
Annex C (normative) - Control and transmission equipment
        for tactile alarm devices provided for people who are deaf
        and hard of hearing
Annex D (normative) - Method for calculating standby battery
        capacity
Annex E (informative) - The selection and application of fire
        Detectors
Annex F (informative) - Model format for system logbook
Annex G (informative) - Model certificates
Bibliography

Gives recommendations for the planning, design, installation, commissioning and maintenance of fire detection and fire alarm systems in and around buildings, other than domestic premises.

This part of BS5839 provides recommendations for the planning, design, installation, commissioning and maintenance of fire detection and fire alarm systems in and around buildings, other than domestic premises. It does not recommend whether or not a fire detection and fire alarm system should be installed in any given premises. Recommendations for fire detection and fire alarm systems in domestic premises are given in BS5839‑6.

The term fire detection and fire alarm systems, in the context of this part of BS5839, includes systems that range from those comprising only one or two manual call points and sounders to complex networked systems that incorporate a large number of automatic fire detectors, manual call points and sounders, connected to numerous inter-communicating control and indicating panels.

The term also includes systems that are capable of providing signals to initiate the operation of other fire protection systems and equipment (such as fire extinguishing systems, smoke control systems or automatic door release equipment) or safety measures (such as shutdown of air handling systems, closing of oil or gas valves or grounding of lifts). It does not apply to the other systems and equipment themselves, or the ancillary circuits to interface with them. Recommendations for the planning, installation and servicing of facilities for operation of certain fire protection systems by the systems addressed within this part of BS5839 are given in BS7273(allparts).

This part of BS5839 does not cover systems whose primary function is to extinguish or control fire, such as sprinkler or automatic extinguishing systems, even though they might have a secondary alarm function; it does, however, cover the use of a signal from an automatic extinguishing system as one initiating element of a fire alarm system (e.g. by use of a pressure or flow switch).

This part of BS5839 does not cover voice alarm systems. Recommendations for voice alarm systems and voice sounders are given in BS5839‑8.

This part of BS5839 does not cover systems combining fire alarm functions with other non-fire related functions. Recommendations for such integrated systems are given in DD CLC/TS50398.

This part of BS5839 does not cover the 999 (or 112) public emergency call system, or manually or mechanically operated sounders.

This part of BS5839 does not cover audible or visual way-guidance systems which are designed to complement fire alarm systems.

Recommendations for fire detection and fire alarm systems in electronic data processing installations and similar critical electronic equipment rooms are given in BS6266, which provides recommendations over and above those given in this part of BS5839.

Recommendations for fire detection and fire alarm systems in hospitals are given in the NHS Estates publications HTM 05-03 Part B [N1] (in England and Wales) or SHTM 82 [N2] (in Scotland).

This part of BS5839 applies to extensions and alterations to existing systems, at least in respect of the design, installation, commissioning and certification of the new work, albeit that the extended or altered system might not, overall, conform to the recommendations of this standard.

Committee
FSH/12/1
DevelopmentNote
Supersedes BS 5839-1(2013) & 16/30337833 DC. (09/2017)
DocumentType
Standard
ISBN
9780539000719
Pages
184
ProductNote
C1: see Figure 4
PublisherName
British Standards Institution
Status
Current
Supersedes

BS EN 54-23:2010 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Fire alarm devices. Visual alarm devices
BS 4678-4:1982 Cable trunking Specification for cable trunking made of insulating material
DD CLC/TS 50398:2009 Alarm systems. Combined and integrated systems. General requirements
PD 6669:2017 Guidance for the provision of Alarm Transmission Systems (ATS) for Alarm Systems in the UK
BS ISO 7240-15:2014 Fire detection and alarm systems Point-type fire detectors using smoke and heat sensors
BS 5839-6:2013 Fire detection and fire alarm systems for buildings Code of practice for the design, installation, commissioning and maintenance of fire detection and fire alarm systems in domestic premises
BS 7629-1:2015 Electric cables. Specification for 300/500 V fire resistant, screened, fixed installation cables having low emission of smoke and corrosive gases when affected by fire Multicore cables
BS EN 54-29:2015 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Multi-sensor fire detectors. Point detectors using a combination of smoke and heat sensors
BS EN 61672-1:2013 Electroacoustics. Sound level meters Specifications
BS EN 54-7:2001 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Smoke detectors. Point detectors using scattered light, transmitted light or ionization
BS 7846:2015 Electric cables. Thermosetting insulated, armoured, fire-resistant cables of rated voltage 600/1 000 V for fixed installations, having low emission of smoke and corrosive gases when affected by fire. Specification
BS EN 50200:2015 Method of test for resistance to fire of unprotected small cables for use in emergency circuits
BS 9999:2017 Fire safety in the design, management and use of buildings. Code of practice
BS EN ISO 13943:2017 Fire safety. Vocabulary
BS EN 54-26:2015 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Carbon monoxide detectors. Point detectors
BS 5839-9:2011 Fire detection and fire alarm systems for buildings Code of practice for the design, installation, commissioning and maintenance of emergency voice communication systems
BS EN 60702-2 : 2002 MINERAL INSULATED CABLES AND THEIR TERMINATIONS WITH A RATED VOLTAGE NOT EXCEEDING 750 V - PART 2: TERMINATIONS
BS EN 54-4:1998 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Power supply equipment
BS 7671(2008) : 2008 REQUIREMENTS FOR ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS - IET WIRING REGULATIONS
BS EN 54-2 : 1998 FIRE DETECTION AND FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS - PART 2: CONTROL AND INDICATING EQUIPMENT
BS EN 54-3:2014 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Fire alarm devices. Sounders
BS EN 54-5 : 2017 FIRE DETECTION AND FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS - PART 5: HEAT DETECTORS - POINT HEAT DETECTORS
BS EN 50136-1 : 2012 ALARM SYSTEMS - ALARM TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS FOR ALARM TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS
BS EN 60079-14:2014 Explosive atmospheres Electrical installations design, selection and erection
BS 8434-2(2003) : 2003 METHODS OF TEST FOR ASSESSMENT OF THE FIRE INTEGRITY OF ELECTRIC CABLES - PART 2: TEST FOR UNPROTECTED SMALL CABLES FOR USE IN EMERGENCY CIRCUITS - BS EN 50200 WITH A 930 DEGREE C FLAME AND WITH WATER SPRAY
BS EN 54-12:2015 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Smoke detectors. Line detectors using an optical beam
BS EN 54-13:2017 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Compatibility and connectability assessment of system components
BS EN 60079-17:2014 Explosive atmospheres Electrical installations inspection and maintenance
BS EN 12845:2015 Fixed firefighting systems. Automatic sprinkler systems. Design, installation and maintenance
PD 7974-4:2003 Application of fire safety engineering principles to the design of buildings Detection of fire and activation of fire protection systems. (Sub-system 4)
BS EN 54-30:2015 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Multi-sensor fire detectors. Point detectors using a combination of carbon monoxide and heat sensors
BS EN 54-10:2002 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Flame detectors. Point detectors
BS 7974:2001 Application of fire safety engineering principles to the design of buildings. Code of practice
BS EN 60702-1 : 2002 MINERAL INSULATED CABLES AND THEIR TERMINATIONS WITH A RATED VOLTAGE NOT EXCEEDING 750 V - PART 1: CABLES
BS ISO 7240-8:2014 Fire detection and alarm systems Point-type fire detectors using a carbon monoxide sensor in combination with a heat sensor
BS EN 54-25:2008 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Components using radio links
BS EN 54-31 : 2014 FIRE DETECTION AND FIRE ALARM SYSTEMS - PART 31: MULTI-SENSOR FIRE DETECTORS - POINT DETECTORS USING A COMBINATION OF SMOKE, CARBON MONOXIDE AND OPTIONALLY HEAT SENSORS
BS EN 54-21:2006 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Alarm transmission and fault warning routing equipment
BS 8591:2014 Remote centres receiving signals from alarm systems. Code of practice
BS EN 54-20:2006 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Aspirating smoke detectors
BS EN ISO 9000:2015 Quality management systems. Fundamentals and vocabulary
BS EN 54-11:2001 Fire detection and fire alarm systems Manual call points
IEC 60702-2:2002+AMD1:2015 CSV Mineral insulated cables and their terminations with a rated voltagenot exceeding 750 V - Part 2: Terminations

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