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PD CEN/TR 614-3:2010

Current

Current

The latest, up-to-date edition.

Safety of machinery Ergonomic principles for the design of mobile machinery

Available format(s)

Hardcopy , PDF

Language(s)

English

Published date

31-12-2010

1 Scope
2 Terms and definitions
3 General design principles
4 Design of workplaces
5 Design of signals, displays and control actuators
6 Mental workload
7 Visibility
8 Environmental factors
9 Information for use
Annex A (informative) - Method for assessing the level
        of visibility
Annex B (informative) - Method for assessing vibration
Bibliography

Gives the ergonomic principles to be followed during the design process of mobile machinery with special emphasis on the aspects in which mobile machinery differs from static machinery. The ergonomic design principles describes here apply to either or both seated and standing positions. Applies to the design of mobile (self-propelled and towable) machines in order to ensure ergonomic working conditions for the operator.

This Technical Report establishes the ergonomic principles to be followed during the design process of mobile machinery with special emphasis on the aspects in which mobile machinery differs from static machinery.

The ergonomic design principles given in this Technical Report apply to either or both seated and standing positions.

This Technical Report is applicable for the design of mobile (self-propelled and towable) machines in order to ensure ergonomic working conditions for the operator.

This Technical Report applies only to driving and operating mobile machinery and not to performing other tasks (e.g. sorters on a potato harvesting machine). Pedestrian-controlled and handheld machinery are not included. This Technical Report also applies to vehicle-mounted machinery when observing their functional properties e.g. mobile cranes.

Installing, cleaning, and repairing of mobile machinery is not included.

Basic concepts and general ergonomic principles for the design of machinery are dealt with in prEN ISO 12100 and EN 614-1 and EN 614-2.

NOTE 1 EN 614-1 provides a framework for incorporating ergonomics principles in the design process. This framework helps designers to perform ergonomics analyses and design actions at the appropriate stages of the design process.

NOTE 2 EN 614-2 provides principles of the design of the work tasks in interaction with machinery design. This framework helps designers to focus on the work task design and on the optimal allocation of work tasks between the operator and the machine.

Committee
PH/9
DocumentType
Standard
Pages
34
PublisherName
British Standards Institution
Status
Current

Standards Relationship
CEN/TR 614-3:2010 Identical

EN 1005-4:2005+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Human physical performance - Part 4: Evaluation of working postures and movements in relation to machinery
EN 12096:1997 Mechanical vibration - Declaration and verification of vibration emission values
EN 894-3:2000+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators - Part 3: Control actuators
EN 1032:2003+A1:2008 Mechanical vibration - Testing of mobile machinery in order to determine the vibration emission value
ISO 14122-3:2016 Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 3: Stairs, stepladders and guard-rails
EN 80416-2:2001 Basic principles for graphical symbols for use on equipment - Part 2: Form and use of arrows
EN 547-2:1996+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Human body measurements - Part 2: Principles for determining the dimensions required for access openings
ISO 14122-1:2016 Safety of machinery — Permanent means of access to machinery — Part 1: Choice of fixed means and general requirements of access
EN 1088:1995+A2:2008 Safety of machinery - Interlocking devices associated with guards - Principles for design and selection
IEC 61310-2:2007 Safety of machinery - Indication, marking and actuation - Part 2: Requirements for marking
EN 981:1996+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - System of auditory and visual danger and information signals
EN 894-2:1997+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators - Part 2: Displays
CR 12349:1996 Mechanical vibration - Guide to the health effects of vibration on the human body
CEN/CLC Guide 6:2014 Guide for addressing accessibility in standards
ISO 3411:2007 Earth-moving machinery Physical dimensions of operators and minimum operator space envelope
EN 61310-2:2008 Safety of machinery - Indication, marking and actuation - Part 2: Requirements for marking
EN ISO 3411:2007 Earth-moving machinery - Physical dimensions of operators and minimum operator space envelope (ISO 3411:2007)
ISO 5353:1995 Earth-moving machinery, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry Seat index point
EN 614-2:2000+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Ergonomic design principles - Part 2: Interactions between the design of machinery and work tasks
EN 1837:1999+A1:2009 Safety of machinery - Integral lighting of machines
EN ISO 10075-2:2000 Ergonomic principles related to mental workload - Part 2: Design principles (ISO 10075-2:1996)
CEN/TR 15172-1:2005 Whole-body vibration - Guidelines for vibration hazards reduction - Part 1: Engineering methods by design of machinery
EN 547-1:1996+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Human body measurements - Part 1: Principles for determining the dimensions required for openings for whole body access into machinery
EN ISO 13850:2015 Safety of machinery - Emergency stop function - Principles for design (ISO 13850:2015)
EN 1005-1:2001+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Human physical performance - Part 1: Terms and definitions
EN 1005-2:2003+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Human physical performance - Part 2: Manual handling of machinery and component parts of machinery
EN ISO 7731:2008 Ergonomics - Danger signals for public and work areas - Auditory danger signals (ISO 7731:2003)
EN 614-1:2006+A1:2009 Safety of machinery - Ergonomic design principles - Part 1: Terminology and general principles
EN ISO 13857:2008 Safety of machinery - Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs (ISO 13857:2008)
EN ISO 11688-2 : 2000 ACOUSTICS - RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR THE DESIGN OF LOW-NOISE MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT - PART 2: INTRODUCTION TO THE PHYSICS OF LOW-NOISE DESIGN
EN 30326-1:1994/A2:2011 MECHANICAL VIBRATION - LABORATORY METHOD FOR EVALUATING VEHICLE SEAT VIBRATION - PART 1: BASIC REQUIREMENTS (ISO 10326-1:1992/AMD 2:2011)
EN ISO 11200:2014 Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Guidelines for the use of basic standards for the determination of emission sound pressure levels at a work station and at other specified positions (ISO 11200:2014)
EN ISO 13732-1:2008 Ergonomics of the thermal environment - Methods for the assessment of human responses to contact with surfaces - Part 1: Hot surfaces (ISO 13732-1:2006)
ISO 447:1984 Machine tools Direction of operation of controls
EN ISO 5353:1998 Earth-moving machinery, and tractors and machinery for agriculture and forestry - Seat index point (ISO 5353:1995)
EN 60447:2004 Basic and safety principles for man-machine interface, marking and identification - Actuating principles
EN ISO 12001:2009 Acoustics - Noise emitted by machinery and equipment - Rules for the drafting and presentation of a noise test code (ISO 12001:1996)
ISO 5008:2002 Agricultural wheeled tractors and field machinery Measurement of whole-body vibration of the operator
EN ISO 14122-3:2016 Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 3: Stairs, stepladders and guard-rails (ISO 14122-3:2016)
ISO 5006:2017 Earth-moving machinery — Operator's field of view — Test method and performance criteria
EN 1005-5:2007 Safety of machinery - Human physical performance - Part 5: Risk assessment for repetitive handling at high frequency
EN ISO 7730:2005 Ergonomics of the thermal environment - Analytical determination and interpretation of thermal comfort using calculation of the PMV and PPD indices and local thermal comfort criteria (ISO 7730:2005)
EN 547-3:1996+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Human body measurements - Part 3: Anthropometric data
EN ISO 14122-4:2016 Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 4: Fixed ladders (ISO 14122-4:2016)
EN ISO 6385:2016 ERGONOMIC PRINCIPLES IN THE DESIGN OF WORK SYSTEMS (ISO 6385:2016)
EN ISO 14122-2:2016 Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 2: Working platforms and walkways (ISO 14122-2:2016)
EN 12464-2:2014 Light and lighting - Lighting of work places - Part 2: Outdoor work places
EN ISO 3740:2000 ACOUSTICS - DETERMINATION OF SOUND POWER LEVELS OF NOISE SOURCES - GUIDELINES FOR THE USE OF BASIC STANDARDS
ISO 13857:2008 Safety of machinery Safety distances to prevent hazard zones being reached by upper and lower limbs
EN 13059:2002+A1:2008 Safety of industrial trucks - Test methods for measuring vibration
EN ISO 6682:2008 Earth-moving machinery - Zones of comfort and reach for controls (ISO 6682:1986, including Amd 1:1989)
EN 13490:2001+A1:2008 Mechanical vibration - Industrial trucks - Laboratory evaluation and specification of operator seat vibration
ISO 7730:2005 Ergonomics of the thermal environment — Analytical determination and interpretation of thermal comfort using calculation of the PMV and PPD indices and local thermal comfort criteria
EN ISO 21281:2005 Construction and layout of pedals of self-propelled sit-down rider-controlled industrial trucks - Rules for the construction and layout of pedals (ISO 21281:2005)
EN ISO 13849-1:2015 Safety of machinery - Safety-related parts of control systems - Part 1: General principles for design (ISO 13849-1:2015)
EN ISO 4871:2009 Acoustics - Declaration and verification of noise emission values of machinery and equipment (ISO 4871:1996)
IEC 61310-1:2007 Safety of machinery - Indication, marking and actuation - Part 1: Requirements for visual, acoustic and tactile signals
EN ISO 7250 : 1997 BASIC HUMAN BODY MEASUREMENTS FOR TECHNOLOGICAL DESIGN
ISO/TR 22411:2008 Ergonomics data and guidelines for the application of ISO/IEC Guide 71 to products and services to address the needs of older persons and persons with disabilities
EN ISO 2867:2011 Earth-moving machinery - Access systems (ISO 2867:2011)
CEN/TR 15172-2:2005 Whole-body vibration - Guidelines for vibration hazards reduction - Part 2: Management measures at the workplace
EN 1005-3:2002+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Human physical performance - Part 3: Recommended force limits for machinery operation
ISO 7000:2014 Graphical symbols for use on equipment Registered symbols
EN 80416-1:2009 Basic principles for graphical symbols for use on equipment - Part 1: Creation of graphical symbols for registration
EN ISO 11688-1:2009 Acoustics - Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment - Part 1: Planning (ISO/TR 11688-1:1995)
EN 12053:2001+A1:2008 Safety of industrial trucks - Test methods for measuring noise emissions
ISO 2867:2011 Earth-moving machinery Access systems
EN ISO 14122-1:2016 Safety of machinery - Permanent means of access to machinery - Part 1: Choice of fixed means and general requirements of access (ISO 14122-1:2016)
ISO/TR 11688-2:1998 Acoustics Recommended practice for the design of low-noise machinery and equipment Part 2: Introduction to the physics of low-noise design
EN 61310-1:2008 Safety of machinery - Indication, marking and actuation - Part 1: Requirements for visual, acoustic and tactile signals
ISO 6385:2016 Ergonomics principles in the design of work systems
EN 894-4:2010 Safety of machinery - Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators - Part 4: Location and arrangement of displays and control actuators
ISO 5007:2003 Agricultural wheeled tractors — Operator's seat — Laboratory measurement of transmitted vibration
EN ISO 14738:2008 Safety of machinery - Anthropometric requirements for the design of workstations at machinery (ISO 14738:2002, including Cor 1:2003 and Cor 2:2005)
EN ISO 7096:2008/AC:2009 EARTH-MOVING MACHINERY - LABORATORY EVALUATION OF OPERATOR SEAT VIBRATION
NEN 5518 : 2000 ERGONOMIC REQUIREMENTS FOR THE DESIGN AND EVALUATION OF CABINS OF TRUCKS AND VANS
EN 894-1:1997+A1:2008 Safety of machinery - Ergonomics requirements for the design of displays and control actuators - Part 1: General principles for human interactions with displays and control actuators

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