• IEEE 80 : 2013

    Current The latest, up-to-date edition.

    GUIDE FOR SAFETY IN AC SUBSTATION GROUNDING

    Available format(s):  Hardcopy, PDF

    Language(s):  English

    Published date:  15-05-2015

    Publisher:  Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    1 Overview
    2 Normative references
    3 Definitions
    4 Safety in grounding
    5 Range of tolerable current
    6 Tolerable body current limit
    7 Accidental ground circuit
    8 Criteria of tolerable voltage
    9 Principal design considerations
    10 Special considerations for gas-insulated
       substations (GIS)
    11 Selection of conductors and connections
    12 Soil characteristics
    13 Soil structure and selection of soil model
    14 Evaluation of ground resistance
    15 Determination of maximum grid current
    16 Design of grounding system
    17 Special areas of concern
    18 Construction of a grounding system
    19 Field measurements of a constructed grounding
       system
    20 Physical scale models
    Annex A (informative) - Bibliography
    Annex B (informative) - Sample calculations
    Annex C (informative) - Graphical and approximate
            analysis of current division
    Annex D (informative) - Simplified step and mesh
            equations
    Annex E (informative) - Equivalent uniform soil model
            for non-uniform soils
    Annex F (informative) - Parametric analysis of grounding
            systems
    Annex G (informative) - Grounding methods for high-voltage
            stations with grounded neutrals
    Annex H (informative) - Benchmark

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Describes outdoor ac substations, either conventional or gas-insulated.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Development Note Supersedes IEEE DRAFT 80 (04/2001)
    Document Type Guide
    Publisher Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers
    Status Current
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    ASTM F 2249 : 2003 : R2009 Standard Specification for In-Service Test Methods for Temporary Grounding Jumper Assemblies Used on De-Energized Electric Power Lines and Equipment
    BS ISO/IEC/IEEE 80005-1:2012 Utility connections in port High Voltage Shore Connection (HVSC) Systems. General requirements
    16/30337938 DC : 0 BS EN 80005-1 - UTILITY CONNECTIONS IN PORT - HIGH VOLTAGE SHORE CONNECTION (HVSC) SYSTEMS - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    IEEE 1264 : 2015 GUIDE FOR ANIMAL DETERRENTS FOR ELECTRIC POWER SUPPLY SUBSTATIONS
    IEEE C37.122.4 : 2016 APPLICATION AND USER GUIDE FOR GAS-INSULATED TRANSMISSION LINES, RATED 72.5 KV AND ABOVE
    IEEE 487.3:2014 ELECTRICAL PROTECTION OF COMMUNICATION FACILITIES SERVING ELECTRIC SUPPLY LOCATIONS THROUGH THE USE OF HYBRID FACILITIES
    UFC 4-022-03 : 2013 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - SECURITY FENCES AND GATES
    IEEE 1268-2005 SAFETY IN THE INSTALLATION OF MOBILE SUBSTATION EQUIPMENT
    CSA C22.3 No. 6 : 2013 : INC : ERR ATA : 2014 PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES OF ELECTRICAL COORDINATION BETWEEN PIPELINES AND ELECTRIC SUPPLY LINES
    BS PD IEC TR 63042-100 : 2016 UHV AC TRANSMISSION SYSTEMS - PART 100: GENERAL INFORMATION
    IEEE DRAFT C37.95 : D6 99 DRAFT GUIDE FOR PROTECTIVE RELAYING OF UTILITY CONSUMER INTERCONNECTIONS
    CSA C22.3 No. 6 : 2013 PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES OF ELECTRICAL COORDINATION BETWEEN PIPELINES AND ELECTRIC SUPPLY LINES
    IEEE C37.122.1 : 2014 GAS-INSULATED SUBSTATIONS RATED ABOVE 52 KV
    IEEE 487.1 : 2014 ELECTRICAL PROTECTION OF COMMUNICATION FACILITIES SERVING ELECTRIC SUPPLY LOCATIONS THROUGH THE USE OF ON-GRID ISOLATION EQUIPMENT
    IEEE 1234 : 2007 FAULT-LOCATING TECHNIQUES ON SHIELDED POWER CABLE SYSTEMS
    IEEE 525-2007 DESIGN AND INSTALLATION OF CABLE SYSTEMS IN SUBSTATIONS
    IEEE DRAFT 1127 : D7 DEC 96 DRAFT GUIDE FOR THE DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION, AND OPERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER SUBSTATIONS FOR COMMUNITY ACCEPTANCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL COMPATIBILITY
    NFPA 780 : 2017 INSTALLATION OF LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEMS
    NFPA 70B : 2016 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE
    IEEE 837-2014 QUALIFYING PERMANENT CONNECTIONS USED IN SUBSTATION GROUNDING
    NACE SP 01 77 : 2014 MITIGATION OF ALTERNATING CURRENT AND LIGHTNING EFFECTS ON METALLIC STRUCTURES AND CORROSION CONTROL SYSTEMS
    NACE RP 01 77 : 0 MITIGATION OF ALTERNATING CURRENT AND LIGHTNING EFFECTS ON METALLIC STRUCTURES AND CORROSION CONTROL SYSTEMS
    BS 7354(1990) : 1990 CODE OF PRACTICE FOR DESIGN OF HIGH-VOLTAGE OPEN-TERMINAL STATIONS
    IEEE 1031 : 2011 GUIDE FOR THE FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION OF TRANSMISSION STATIC VAR COMPENSATORS
    IEEE C57.13.3 : 2014 GUIDE FOR GROUNDING OF INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMER SECONDARY CIRCUITS AND CASES
    CSA C22.3 No. 61936-1 : 2008 : R2015 POWER INSTALLATIONS EXCEEDING 1 KV A.C. - PART 1: COMMON RULES
    CSA C22.3 No. 61936-1 : 2008 POWER INSTALLATIONS EXCEEDING 1 KV A.C. - PART 1: COMMON RULES
    IEEE DRAFT C57.13.3 : D9 2005 GUIDE FOR GROUNDING OF INSTRUMENT TRANSFORMER SECONDARY CIRCUITS AND CASES
    C22.1-15 PACKAGE Consists of C22.1-15, Canadian electrical code, part I (23rd edition), safety standard for electrical installations; C22.1HB-15, Canadian electrical code handbook - an explanation of rules of the Canadian electrical code, part I and the 2015 Electrical quick reference
    IEEE DRAFT C37.108 : D6 98 DRAFT GUIDE FOR THE PROTECTION OF NETWORK TRANSFORMERS
    CAN/CSA-C22.3 NO. 6-13 (R2017) Principles and practices of electrical coordination between pipelines and electric supply lines
    CSA C22.3 No. 8 : 1991 RAILWAY ELECTRIFICATION GUIDELINES
    IEC 61936-1:2010+AMD1:2014 CSV Power installations exceeding 1 kV a.c. - Part 1: Common rules
    CSA M421 : 2011 USE OF ELECTRICITY IN MINES
    Z462-18 Workplace electrical safety
    C22.1HB-18 Canadian Electrical Code Handbook - An Explanation of the Rules of the Canadian Electrical Code, Part I
    IEEE C62.42-2005 APPLICATION OF COMPONENT SURGE-PROTECTIVE DEVICES FOR USE IN LOW-VOLTAGE [EQUAL TO OR LESS THAN 1000 V (AC) OR 1200 V (DC)] CIRCUITS
    IEEE C62.23-1995 APPLICATION GUIDE FOR SURGE PROTECTION OF ELECTRIC GENERATING PLANTS
    UFC 3-550-01 : CHANGE 1 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - EXTERIOR ELECTRICAL POWER DISTRIBUTION
    IEEE 487.2 : 2013 ELECTRICAL PROTECTION OF COMMUNICATION FACILITIES SERVING ELECTRIC SUPPLY LOCATIONS THROUGH THE USE OF OPTICAL FIBER SYSTEMS
    ENA ER S34 : ISSUE 1 AMD 2 1988 A GUIDE FOR ASSESSING THE RISE OF EARTH POTENTIAL AT SUBSTATION SITES
    ASTM F 2249 : 2003 Standard Specification for In-Service Test Methods for Temporary Grounding Jumper Assemblies Used on De-Energized Electric Power Lines and Equipment
    08/30191891 DC : DRAFT OCT 2008 BS EN 61936-1 - POWER INSTALLATIONS EXCEEDING 1 KV A.C. - PART 1: COMMON RULES
    IEEE 1827 : 2016 ELECTRICAL AND CONTROL DESIGN OF HYDROELECTRIC WATER CONVEYANCE FACILITIES
    IEC PAS 80005-3:2014 Utility connections in port - Part 3: Low Voltage Shore Connection (LVSC) Systems - General requirements
    IEEE 1048 : 2003 PROTECTIVE GROUNDING OF POWER LINES
    EN 61936-1 : 2010 AMD 1 2014 POWER INSTALLATIONS EXCEEDING 1 KV A.C. - PART 1: COMMON RULES (IEC 61936-1:2010/A1:2014)
    API 540 : 1999 : R2006 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS IN PETROLEUM PROCESSING PLANTS
    IEEE 1662-2008 DESIGN AND APPLICATION OF POWER ELECTRONICS IN ELECTRICAL POWER SYSTEMS
    IEEE C62.72 : 2007 APPLICATION OF SURGE-PROTECTIVE DEVICES FOR USE ON THE LOAD SIDE OF SERVICE EQUIPMENT IN LOW-VOLTAGE (1000 V OR LESS, 50 HZ OR 60 HZ) AC POWER CIRCUITS
    NASA KSC STD E 0012 : 2013 FACILITY GROUNDING AND LIGHTNING PROTECTION, STANDARD FOR
    CSA M421 : 2011 : R2016 USE OF ELECTRICITY IN MINES
    CSA C22.3 No. 1 : 2015(R2020) OVERHEAD SYSTEMS
    IEEE 3001.2:2017 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR EVALUATING THE ELECTRICAL SERVICE REQUIREMENTS OF INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL POWER SYSTEMS
    CSA CE CODE SAFETY PACKAGE : 2012 CE CODE SAFETY PACKAGE
    C22.10-10 Québec Construction Code, Chapter V - Electricity Canadian Electrical Code, Part I (Twenty-first Edition) with Québec Amendments
    IEEE 81-2012 GUIDE FOR MEASURING EARTH RESISTIVITY, GROUND IMPEDANCE, AND EARTH SURFACE POTENTIALS OF A GROUND SYSTEM
    PD IEC/PAS 80005-3:2014 (published 2014-11) Utility connections in port Low Voltage Shore Connection (LVSC) Systems. General requirements
    IEEE 524A : 1993 GUIDE TO GROUNDING DURING THE INSTALLATION OF OVERHEAD TRANSMISSION LINE CONDUCTORS - SUPPLEMENT TO IEEE GUIDE TO THE INSTALLATION OF OVERHEAD TRANSMISSION LINE CONDUCTORS
    IEEE 367 : 2012 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR DETERMINING THE ELECTRIC POWER STATION GROUND POTENTIAL RISE AND INDUCED VOLTAGE FROM A POWER FAULT
    CSA C22.3 No. 1 : 2010 : INC : UPD 1 : 2011 : R2015 OVERHEAD SYSTEMS
    IEEE DRAFT 367 : D5.1 SEP 95 DRAFT RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR DETERMINING THE ELECTRIC POWER STATION GROUND POTENTIAL RISE AND INDUCED VOLTAGE FROM A POWER FAULT
    AEP-24 : 2006 AIRCRAFT ELECTRICAL HAZARDS ON THE FLIGHT LINE
    IEEE C62.92.5-2009 IEEE Guide for the Application of Neutral Grounding in Electrical Utility Systems, Part V-Transmission Systems and Subtransmission Systems
    IEEE 979:2012 GUIDE FOR SUBSTATION FIRE PROTECTION
    IEEE 1127-2013 GUIDE FOR THE DESIGN, CONSTRUCTION AND OPERATION OF ELECTRIC POWER SUBSTATIONS FOR COMMUNITY ACCEPTANCE AND ENVIRONMENTAL COMPATIBILITY
    IEEE 1246 : 2011 GUIDE FOR TEMPORARY PROTECTIVE GROUNDING SYSTEMS USED IN SUBSTATIONS
    CSA C22.3 No. 1 : 2010 OVERHEAD SYSTEMS
    IEEE 1695 : 2016 IEEE Guide to Understanding, Diagnosing, and Mitigating Stray and Contact Voltage
    ASTM F 2249 : 2003 : R2015 Standard Specification for In-Service Test Methods for Temporary Grounding Jumper Assemblies Used on De-Energized Electric Power Lines and Equipment
    I.S. EN 61936-1:2010 POWER INSTALLATIONS EXCEEDING 1 KV A.C. - PART 1: COMMON RULES
    API 540:1999 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS IN PETROLEUM PROCESSING PLANTS
    IEC TR 63042-100:2016 UHV AC transmission systems - Part 100: General information
    IEEE 1147 : 2005 GUIDE FOR THE REHABILITATION OF HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANTS
    BS EN 61936-1 : 2010 POWER INSTALLATIONS EXCEEDING 1 KV A.C - PART 1: COMMON RULES
    IEEE 1185 : 2010 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR CABLE INSTALLATION IN GENERATING STATIONS AND INDUSTRIAL FACILITIES
    UNE-EN 61936-1:2012 Power installations exceeding 1 kV a.c. -- Part 1: Common rules
    EI MODEL CODE SAFE PRACTICE PT1 : 2010 THE SELECTION, INSTALLATION, INSPECTION, AND MAINTENANCE OF ELECTRICAL AND NON ELECTRICAL APPARATUS IN HAZARDOUS AREAS
    IEEE C37.246 : 2017 GUIDE FOR PROTECTION SYSTEMS OF TRANSMISSION-TO-GENERATION INTERCONNECTIONS
    IEEE 3007.3 : 2012 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR ELECTRICAL SAFETY IN INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL POWER SYSTEMS
    IEEE 1303 : 2011 GUIDE FOR STATIC VAR COMPENSATOR FIELD TESTS
    IEEE C62.92.3 : 2012 GUIDE FOR THE APPLICATION OF NEUTRAL GROUNDING IN ELECTRICAL UTILITY SYSTEMS, PART 3 - GENERATOR AUXILIARY SYSTEMS
    IEEE 1590 : 2009 ELECTRICAL PROTECTION OF COMMUNICATION FACILITIES SERVING ELECTRIC SUPPLY LOCATIONS USING OPTICAL FIBER SYSTEMS
    IEEE C37.95 : 2014 GUIDE FOR PROTECTIVE RELAYING OF UTILITY-CONSUMER INTERCONNECTIONS
    IEEE 487-2015 THE ELECTRICAL PROTECTION OF COMMUNICATIONS FACILITIES SERVING ELECTRIC SUPPLY LOCATIONS - GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS
    IEEE 3003.2 : 2014 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR EQUIPMENT GROUNDING AND BONDING IN INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL POWER SYSTEMS
    IEEE C57.129-2007 GENERAL REQUIREMENTS AND TEST CODE FOR OIL-IMMERSED HVDC CONVERTER TRANSFORMERS
    IEEE C57.143:2012 GUIDE FOR APPLICATION FOR MONITORING EQUIPMENT TO LIQUID-IMMERSED TRANSFORMERS AND COMPONENTS
    IEEE 1623-2004 GUIDE FOR THE FUNCTIONAL SPECIFICATION OF MEDIUM VOLTAGE (1 KV - 35 KV) ELECTRONIC SHUNT DEVICES FOR DYNAMIC VOLTAGE COMPENSATION
    IEC/ISO/IEEE 80005-1:2012 Utility connections in port - Part 1: High Voltage Shore Connection (HVSC) Systems - General requirements
    IEEE 789-2013 STANDARD PERFORMANCE REQUIREMENTS FOR COMMUNICATIONS AND CONTROL CABLES FOR APPLICATION IN HIGH-VOLTAGE ENVIRONMENTS
    IEEE 1143:2012 GUIDE ON SHIELDING PRACTICE FOR LOW VOLTAGE CABLES
    C22.1-18 Canadian Electrical Code, Part I (24th Edition), Safety Standard for Electrical Installations
    NACE 35110 : 0 AC CORROSION STATE-OF-THE-ART: CORROSION RATE, MECHANISM, AND MITIGATION REQUIREMENTS

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEEE 525-2007 DESIGN AND INSTALLATION OF CABLE SYSTEMS IN SUBSTATIONS
    IEEE 81-2012 GUIDE FOR MEASURING EARTH RESISTIVITY, GROUND IMPEDANCE, AND EARTH SURFACE POTENTIALS OF A GROUND SYSTEM
    IEEE 837-2014 QUALIFYING PERMANENT CONNECTIONS USED IN SUBSTATION GROUNDING
    IEEE C37.010 : 1999 AC HIGH-VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKERS > 1000 VAC RATED ON A SYMMETRICAL CURRENT BASIS
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