• IEEE 141 : 1993

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    IEEE Recommended Practice for Electric Power Distribution for Industrial Plants

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    Withdrawn date:  01-11-2023

    Language(s): 

    Published date:  29-04-1994

    Publisher:  Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers

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    Table of Contents - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Chapter 1 - Overview
      1.1 Scope and general information
      1.2 Industrial plants
      1.3 Industry Applications Society (IAS)
      1.4 Professional registration
      1.5 Professional liability
      1.6 Codes and standards
      1.7 Handbooks
      1.8 Periodicals
      1.9 Manufacturers' Data
      1.10 Safety
      1.11 Maintenance
      1.12 Design considerations
      1.13 Estimating
      1.14 Contracts
      1.15 Access and loading
      1.16 Contractor performance
      1.17 Environmental considerations
      1.18 Technical files
      1.19 Electronic systems
      1.20 Programmable logic controller
      1.21 Bibliography
    Chapter 2 - System planning
      2.1 Introduction
      2.2 Definitions
      2.3 Basic design considerations
      2.4 Planning guide for the supply and distribution
            system
      2.5 Power system modernization and evaluation
            studies/programs
      2.6 References
      2.7 Bibliography
    Chapter 3 - Voltage considerations
      3.1 General
      3.2 Voltage control in electric power systems
      3.3 Voltage selection
      3.4 Voltage ratings for low-voltage utilization
            equipment
      3.5 Effect of voltage variations on low-voltage
            and medium-voltage utilization equipment
      3.6 Voltage drop considerations in locating the
            low-voltage secondary distribution system
            power source
      3.7 Improvement of voltage conditions
      3.8 Phase-voltage unbalance in three-phase systems
      3.9 Voltage sags and flicker
      3.10 Harmonics
      3.11 Calculation of voltage drops
      3.12 References
      3.13 Bibliography
    Chapter 4 - Short-circuit current calculations
      4.1 Introduction
      4.2 Sources of fault current
      4.3 Fundamentals of short-circuit current calculations
      4.4 Restraints of simplified calculations
      4.5 Detailed procedure
      4.6 Example of short-circuit current calculation for
            a power system with several voltage levels
      4.7 Example of short-circuit current calculation for
            a low-voltage system (under 1000 V)
      4.8 Calculation of short-circuit currents for dc
            systems
      4.9 References
      4.10 Bibliography
    Annex 4A - Typical impedance data for short-circuit
               studies
    Chapter 5 - Application and coordination of protective
                devices
      5.1 Purpose
      5.2 Analysis of system behaviour and protection needs
      5.3 Protective devices and their applications
      5.4 Performance limitations
      5.5 Principles of protective relay application [38],
            [40], [50]
      5.6 Protection requirements
      5.7 Use and interpretation of time-current
            coordination curves
      5.8 Specific examples - applying the fundamentals
      5.9 Acceptance testing (commissioning), maintenance,
            and field testing
      5.10 Bibliography
    Chapter 6 - Surge voltage protection
      6.1 Nature of the problem
      6.2 Travelling-wave behaviour
      6.3 Insulation voltage withstand characteristics
      6.4 Arrester characteristics and ratings
      6.5 Arrester selection
      6.6 Selection of arrester class
      6.7 Application concepts
      6.8 References
      6.9 Bibliography
    Chapter 7 - Grounding
      7.1 Introduction
      7.2 System grounding
      7.3 Equipment grounding
      7.4 Static and lightning protection grounding
      7.5 Connection to earth
      7.6 Ground resistance measurement
      7.7 References
      7.8 Bibliography
    Chapter 8 - Power factor and related considerations
      8.1 General scope
      8.2 Current and power flow fundamentals
      8.3 Benefits of power-factor improvement
      8.4 Typical plant power factor
      8.5 Instruments and measurements for power-factor
            studies
      8.6 Techniques to improve the power factor
      8.7 Calculation methods for improving power factor
      8.8 Location of reactive power supply
      8.9 Capacitors with induction motors
      8.10 Capacitor standards and operating characteristics
      8.11 Controls for switched capacitors
      8.12 Transients and capacitor switching
      8.13 Protection of capacitors and capacitor banks
      8.14 Resonance and harmonics
      8.15 Inspection and field testing of power capacitors
      8.16 References
      8.17 Bibliography
    Chapter 9 - Harmonics in power systems
      9.1 Introduction
      9.2 Importance of understanding effects of harmonics
      9.3 History of harmonic problems and solutions
      9.4 Definition and sources of harmonic currents and
            voltages
      9.5 Characteristics of harmonics
      9.6 Static power converter theory
      9.7 System response characteristics
      9.8 Effects of harmonics
      9.9 Harmonic analysis
      9.10 Mitigation techniques
      9.11 Industry standards
      9.12 Bibliography
    Chapter 10 - Power switching, transformation, and motor
                 control apparatus
     10.1 Introduction
     10.2 Switching apparatus for power circuits
     10.3 Switchgear
     10.4 Transformers
     10.5 Unit substations
     10.6 Motor control equipment
     10.7 Adjustable speed drives
     10.8 Bibliography
    Chapter 11 - Instruments and meters
     11.1 Introduction
     11.2 Basic objectives
     11.3 Switchboard and panel instruments
     11.4 Portable instruments
     11.5 Recording instruments
     11.6 Miscellaneous instruments
     11.7 Meters
     11.8 Auxiliary devices
     11.9 Typical installations
     11.10 Bibliography
    Chapter 12 - Cable systems
     12.1 Introduction
     12.2 Cable construction
     12.3 Cable outer finishes
     12.4 Cable ratings
     12.5 Installation
     12.6 Connectors
     12.7 Terminations
     12.8 Splicing devices and techniques
     12.9 Grounding of cable systems
     12.10 Protection from transient overvoltage
     12.11 Testing
     12.12 Locating cable faults
     12.13 Cable specification
     12.14 References
     12.15 Bibliography
    Chapter 13 - Busways
     13.1 Origin
     13.2 Busway construction
     13.3 Feeder busway
     13.4 Plug-in busway
     13.5 Lighting busway
     13.6 Trolley busway
     13.7 Standards
     13.8 Selection and application of busways
     13.9 Layout
     13.10 Installation
     13.11 Field testing
     13.12 Busways over 600 V (metal-enclosed bus)
     13.13 References
    Chapter 14 - Electrical conservation through energy
                 management
     14.1 Introduction
     14.2 Finding energy conservation opportunities
     14.3 The energy management process
     14.4 Calculating energy savings
     14.5 Load management
     14.6 Efficiencies of electrical equipment
     14.7 Metering
     14.8 Lighting
     14.9 Cogeneration
     14.10 Peak shaving
     14.11 Summary
     14.12 Bibliography
    Chapter 15 - Industrial substations: plant-utility
                 interface considerations
     15.1 Introduction
     15.2 Planning stage
     15.3 Design stage
     15.4 Construction stage
     15.5 Operating stage
     15.6 Bibliography
    Chapter 16 - Cost estimating of industrial power systems
     16.1 Introduction
     16.2 Information required
     16.3 Factors to be considered
     16.4 Preparing the cost estimate
     16.5 Classes of estimates
     16.6 Equipment and material costs
     16.7 installation costs
     16.8 Other costs
     16.9 Example
     16.10 Bibliography
    Annex 16A (informative) - Selected sources for cost-estimating
              information
    Annex A (informative) - Power system device function
            numbers
    INDEX

    Abstract - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    This publication provides a recommended practice for the electrical design of industrial facilities.

    General Product Information - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    Document Type Standard
    Publisher Institute of Electrical & Electronics Engineers
    Status Withdrawn
    Supersedes

    Standards Referenced By This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    IEEE 902 : 1998 MAINTENANCE, OPERATION, AND SAFETY OF INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL POWER SYSTEMS
    16/30337938 DC : 0 BS EN 80005-1 - UTILITY CONNECTIONS IN PORT - HIGH VOLTAGE SHORE CONNECTION (HVSC) SYSTEMS - PART 1: GENERAL REQUIREMENTS
    IEEE 741-2007 IEEE Standard Criteria for the Protection of Class 1E Power Systems and Equipment in Nuclear Power Generating Stations
    IEEE 844-2000 IEEE Recommended Practice for Electrical Impedance, Induction, and Skin Effect Heating of Pipelines and Vessels
    IEEE DRAFT C37.95 : D6 99 DRAFT GUIDE FOR PROTECTIVE RELAYING OF UTILITY CONSUMER INTERCONNECTIONS
    FIPS PUB 94 : 0 GUIDELINE ON ELECTRICAL POWER FOR ADP INSTALLATIONS
    IEEE DRAFT 1036 : D13A 2006 APPLICATION OF SHUNT POWER CAPACITORS
    IEEE 3001.11-2017 IEEE Recommended Practice for Application of Controllers and Automation to Industrial and Commercial Power Systems
    IEEE 1242-1999 IEEE Guide for Specifying and Selecting Power, Control, and Special-Purpose Cable for Petroleum and Chemical Plants
    IEEE 3004.8-2016 IEEE Recommended Practice for Motor Protection in Industrial and Commercial Power Systems
    IEEE 3001.8-2013 IEEE Recommended Practice for the Instrumentation and Metering of Industrial and Commercial Power Systems
    IEEE DRAFT C37.48.1 : D13 2000 DRAFT GUIDE FOR THE OPERATION, CLASSIFICATION, APPLICATION AND COORDINATION OF CURRENT-LIMITING FUSES WITH RATED VOLTAGES 1-38 KV
    IEEE 1234-2007 IEEE Guide for Fault Locating Techniques on Shielded Power Cable Systems
    CSA C293.2 : 2017 STANDARD FOR SKIN EFFECT TRACE HEATING OF PIPELINES, VESSELS, EQUIPMENT, AND STRUCTURES - APPLICATION GUIDE FOR DESIGN, INSTALLATION, TESTING, COMMISSIONING, AND MAINTENANCE
    IEC/ISO/IEEE 80005-1:2012 Utility connections in port - Part 1: High Voltage Shore Connection (HVSC) Systems - General requirements
    API 14FZ : 2013 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR DESIGN, INSTALLATION, AND MAINTENANCE OF ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS FOR FIXED AND FLOATING OFFSHORE PETROLEUM FACILITIES FOR UNCLASSIFIED AND CLASS 1, ZONE 0, ZONE 1, AND ZONE 2 LOCATIONS
    NFPA 780 : 2017 INSTALLATION OF LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEMS
    NFPA 70B : 2016 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE
    IEEE DRAFT 1147 : D8 2005 GUIDE FOR THE REHABILITATION OF HYDROELECTRIC POWER PLANTS
    IEEE C37.96-2012 IEEE Guide for AC Motor Protection
    IEEE C37.48.1-2002 IEEE Guide for the Operation, Classification, Application, and Coordination of Current-Limiting Fuses with Rated Voltages 1-38kV
    IEEE 844.2/CSA C293.2-2017 IEEE/CSA Standard for Skin Effect Trace Heating of Pipelines, Vessels, Equipment, and Structures--Application Guide for Design, Installation, Testing, Commissioning, and Maintenance
    PIP ELCGL01 : 2013 ELECTRICAL DESIGN CRITERIA
    UFC 3-550-07 : 2017 UNIFIED FACILITIES CRITERIA - OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE (O&M;): EXTERIOR POWER DISTRIBUTION SYSTEMS
    NFPA 70B:2023 Standard for Electrical Equipment Maintenance
    TM 5-811-1 : V19950228 ARMY TECHNICAL MANUAL - ELECTRICAL POWER SUPPLY AND DISTRIBUTION
    IEEE 3007.1 : 2010 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR THE OPERATION AND MANAGEMENT OF INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL POWER SYSTEMS
    IEEE C37.302-2015 IEEE Guide for Fault Current Limiter (FCL) Testing of FCLs Rated above 1000 V AC
    IEEE C37.20.2-2015 IEEE Standard for Metal-Clad Switchgear
    NETA ATS : 2017 ACCEPTANCE TESTING SPECIFICATIONS FOR ELECTRICAL POWER EQUIPMENT AND SYSTEMS
    IEEE 3004.5-2014 IEEE Recommended Practice for the Application of Low-Voltage Circuit Breakers in Industrial and Commercial Power Systems
    IEEE C37.13-2015 REDLINE IEEE Standard for Low-Voltage AC Power Circuit Breakers Used in Enclosures
    NEMA PB 1:2011 Panelboards
    NEMA ICS 18:2001 (R2007) INDUSTRIAL CONTROL AND SYSTEMS: MOTOR CONTROL CENTERS
    NEMA ICS 3:2005 (R2010) INDUSTRIAL CONTROL AND SYSTEMS: MEDIUM VOLTAGE CONTROLLERS RATED 2001 TO 7200 VOLTS AC
    NEMA PB 2:2011 Deadfront Distribution Switchboards
    ANSI/NEMA AB 3:2013 Molded-Case Circuit Breakers and Their Application
    IEEE 1531-2003 IEEE Guide for Application and Specification of Harmonic Filters
    EEE 602 : 2007 ELECTRIC SYSTEMS IN HEALTH CARE FACILITIES
    PD IEC/PAS 80005-3:2014 Utility connections in port Low Voltage Shore Connection (LVSC) Systems. General requirements
    IEEE C62.23-1995 IEEE Application Guide for Surge Protection of Electric Generating Plants
    IEEE DRAFT 400.1 : D8 2006 FIELD TESTING OF LAMINATED DIELECTRIC, SHIELDED POWER CABLE SYSTEMS RATED 5 KV AND ABOVE WITH HIGH DIRECT CURRENT VOLTAGE
    CSA C22.2 No. 273 : 2014(R2019) CABLEBUS
    IEEE DRAFT 1242 : D4 99 DRAFT GUIDE FOR SPECIFYING AND SELECTING POWER, CONTROL AND SPECIAL PURPOSE CABLE FOR PETROLEUM AND CHEMICAL PLANTS
    CSA C22.2 No. 293.1 : 2017 SKIN EFFECT TRACE HEATING OF PIPELINES, VESSELS, EQUIPMENT, AND STRUCTURES - GENERAL, TESTING, MARKING, AND DOCUMENTATION REQUIREMENTS
    IEEE 1709-2010 IEEE Recommended Practice for 1 kV to 35 kV Medium-Voltage DC Power Systems on Ships
    IEEE 1159-2009 IEEE Recommended Practice for Monitoring Electric Power Quality
    IEC TR 62655:2013 Tutorial and application guide for high-voltage fuses
    API 14F : 2008 : R2013 DESIGN, INSTALLATION, AND MAINTENANCE OF ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS FOR FIXED AND FLOATING OFFSHORE PETROLEUM FACILITIES FOR UNCLASSIFIED AND CLASS 1, DIVISION 1 AND DIVISION 2 LOCATIONS
    API 540 : 1999 : R2006 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS IN PETROLEUM PROCESSING PLANTS
    IEEE 1458-2005 IEEE Recommended Practice for the Selection, Field Testing, and Life Expectancy of Molded Case Circuit Breakers for Industrial Applications
    IEEE 1547.2 : 2008 APPLICATION GUIDE FOR IEEE STD 1547[TM], IEEE STANDARD FOR INTERCONNECTING DISTRIBUTED RESOURCES WITH ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS
    IEEE 3001.5-2013 IEEE Recommended Practice for the Application of Power Distribution Apparatus in Industrial and Commercial Power Systems
    IEEE 45.8-2016 IEEE Recommended Practice for Electrical Installations on Shipboard--Cable Systems
    IEEE 1818-2017 IEEE Guide for the Design of Low-Voltage Auxiliary Systems for Electric Power Substations
    IEEE C62.72-2007 IEEE Guide for the Application of Surge Protective Devices for Low Voltage (1000 Volts or Less) AC Power Circuits
    IEEE 3001.2-2017 IEEE Recommended Practice for Evaluating the Electrical Service Requirements of Industrial and Commercial Power Systems
    IEEE 1100 : 2005 POWERING AND GROUNDING ELECTRONIC EQUIPMENT
    CSA C22.4 PACKAGE : 2009 CONSISTS OF C22.4 NO. 1-09, OBJECTIVE-BASED INDUSTRIAL ELECTRICAL CODE AND C22.4 NO. 2-09, OBJECTIVE-BASED INDUSTRIAL ELECTRICAL CODE - SAFETY MANAGEMENT SYSTEM REQUIREMENTS
    BS ISO/IEC/IEEE 80005-1:2012 Utility connections in port High Voltage Shore Connection (HVSC) Systems. General requirements
    PD IEC/TR 62655:2013 Tutorial and application guide for high-voltage fuses
    IEEE DRAFT 551 : D5 2005 CALCULATING AC SHORT-CIRCUIT CURRENTS IN INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL POWER SYSTEMS
    IEEE C37.13.1-2006 IEEE Standard for Definite Purpose Switching Devices for Use in Metal-Enclosed Low-Voltage Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
    IEEE C37.121-2012 GUIDE FOR SWITCHGEAR - UNIT SUBSTATION - REQUIREMENTS
    IEEE C37.230-2007 IEEE Guide for Protective Relay Applications to Distribution Lines
    IEEE 463-2013 REDLINE IEEE Standard for Electrical Safety Practices in Electrolytic Cell Line Working Zones
    IEEE 3006.2-2016 IEEE Recommended Practice for Evaluating the Reliability of Existing Industrial and Commercial Power Systems
    IEEE 1792-2011 IEEE Recommended Practice for Nuclear Power Generating Station (NPGS) Preferred Power Supply (PPS) Reliability
    API 14F:2008 DESIGN, INSTALLATION, AND MAINTENANCE OF ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS FOR FIXED AND FLOATING OFFSHORE PETROLEUM FACILITIES FOR UNCLASSIFIED AND CLASS 1, DIVISION 1 AND DIVISION 2 LOCATIONS
    API 540:1999 ELECTRICAL INSTALLATIONS IN PETROLEUM PROCESSING PLANTS
    IEEE 242 : 2001 PROTECTION AND COORDINATION OF INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL POWER SYSTEMS
    IEEE 1147-2005 IEEE Guide for the Rehabilitation of Hydroelectric Power Plants
    IEEE 241 : 1990 ELECTRIC POWER SYSTEMS IN COMMERCIAL BUILDINGS
    CSA C22.4 No. 1 : 2009(R2018) OBJECTIVE-BASED INDUSTRIAL ELECTRICAL CODE
    IEEE 1036-2010 IEEE Guide for the Application of Shunt Power Capacitors
    IEEE C37.27-2008 REDLINE IEEE Application Guide for Low-Voltage AC Power Circuit Breakers Applied with Separately-Mounted Current-Limiting Fuses
    IEEE DRAFT 741 : D1 2006 CRITERIA FOR THE PROTECTION OF CLASS 1E POWER SYSTEMS AND EQUIPMENT IN NUCLEAR POWER GENERATING STATIONS
    IEEE 3007.3-2012 IEEE Recommended Practice for Electrical Safety in Industrial and Commercial Power Systems
    IEC PAS 80005-3:2014 Utility connections in port - Part 3: Low Voltage Shore Connection (LVSC) Systems - General requirements
    IEEE C37.95-2014 IEEE Guide for Protective Relaying of Utility-Consumer Interconnections
    IEEE C37.121-2012 REDLINE IEEE Guide for Switchgear - Unit Substation - Requirements
    IEEE 1349-2011 REDLINE IEEE Guide for Application of Electric Motors in Class I, Division 2 and Class I, Zone 2 Hazardous (Classified) Locations
    IEEE 1584.1-2013 IEEE Guide for the Specification of Scope and Deliverable Requirements for an Arc-Flash Hazard Calculation Study in Accordance with IEEE Std 1584(TM)
    IEEE 551 : 2006 CALCULATING SHORT-CIRCUIT CURRENTS IN INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL POWER SYSTEMS
    IEEE 1453-2015 REDLINE IEEE Recommended Practice for the Analysis of Fluctuating Installations on Power Systems
    IEEE 1623-2004 IEEE Guide for the Functional Specification of Medium Voltage (1 kV - 35 kV) Electronic Shunt Devices for Dynamic Voltage Compensation
    IEEE 2030.2-2015 IEEE Guide for the Interoperability of Energy Storage Systems Integrated with the Electric Power Infrastructure
    API 14F REDLINE : 2008 DESIGN, INSTALLATION, AND MAINTENANCE OF ELECTRICAL SYSTEMS FOR FIXED AND FLOATING OFFSHORE PETROLEUM FACILITIES FOR UNCLASSIFIED AND CLASS 1, DIVISION 1 AND DIVISION 2 LOCATIONS
    IEEE/CSA 844.1/CSA C22.2 No.293.1-2017 IEEE/CSA Standard for Skin Effect Trace Heating of Pipelines, Vessels, Equipment, and Structures - General, Testing, Marking, and Documentation Requirements
    IEEE C37.20.3-2013 REDLINE IEEE Standard for Metal-Enclosed Interrupter Switchgear (1 kV-38 kV)
    IEEE C37.21-2005 IEEE Standard for Control Switchboards
    IEEE C37.20.1-2015 REDLINE IEEE Standard for Metal-Enclosed Low-Voltage (1000 Vac and below, 3200 Vdc and below) Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
    IEEE 1143-2012 IEEE Guide on Shielding Practice for Low Voltage Cables

    Standards Referencing This Book - (Show below) - (Hide below)

    NEMA HP 100.4 : 1991(R2010) HIGH TEMPERATURE INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL CABLES INSULATED AND JACKETED WITH ECTFE FLUOROPOLYMERS
    IEEE C37.91-2008 REDLINE IEEE Guide for Protecting Power Transformers
    IEEE 519-2014 REDLINE IEEE Recommended Practice and Requirements for Harmonic Control in Electric Power Systems
    IEEE C57.12.51-2008 REQUIREMENTS FOR SEALED DRY-TYPE POWER TRANSFORMERS, 501 KVA AND LARGER, THREE-PHASE, WITH HIGH-VOLTAGE 601 TO 34500 VOLTS, LOW-VOLTAGE 208Y/120 TO 4160 VOLTS
    NEMA TR1 : 2013 TRANSFORMERS, STEP VOLTAGE REGULATORS AND REACTORS
    IEEE C37.20 : 69(R1981) SWITCH GEAR ASSEMBLIES AND METAL-ENCLOSED BUS
    IEEE C57.12.10-2010 TRANSFORMERS - 230 KV AND BELOW 833/958 THROUGH 8333/10 417 KVA, SINGLE-PHASE, AND 750/862 THROUGH 60 000/80 000/100 000 KVA, THREE-PHASE WITHOUT LOAD TAP CHANGING; AND 3750/4687 THROUGH 60 000/80 000/100 000 KVA WITH LOAD TAP CHANGING - SAFETY REQUIREMENT
    IEEE C37.14-2015 REDLINE IEEE Standard for DC (3200 V and below) Power Circuit Breakers Used in Enclosures
    IEEE C37.90-2005 IEEE Standard for Relays and Relay Systems Associated with Electric Power Apparatus
    IEEE C37.20.1-2015 REDLINE IEEE Standard for Metal-Enclosed Low-Voltage (1000 Vac and below, 3200 Vdc and below) Power Circuit Breaker Switchgear
    IEEE 1127-2013 REDLINE IEEE Guide for the Design, Construction, and Operation of Electric Power Substations for Community Acceptance and Environmental Compatibility
    IEEE C37.46-2010 FOR HIGH VOLTAGE EXPULSION AND CURRENT-LIMITING TYPE POWER CLASS FUSES AND FUSE DISCONNECTING SWITCHES
    IEEE C37.16-2009 LOW-VOLTAGE POWER CIRCUIT BREAKERS AND AC POWER CIRCUIT PROTECTORS - PREFERRED RATINGS, RELATED REQUIREMENTS, AND APPLICATION RECOMMENDATIONS
    IEEE C57.12.59-2015 IEEE Guide for Dry-Type Transformer Through-Fault Current Duration
    IEEE 525-2007 IEEE Guide for the Design and Installation of Cable Systems in Substations
    IEEE 979-2012 IEEE Guide for Substation Fire Protection
    NEMA BU 1.1:2010 General Instructions for Handling, Installation, Operation and Maintenance of Busway Rated 600 V or Less
    IEEE C37.95-2014 IEEE Guide for Protective Relaying of Utility-Consumer Interconnections
    CSA Z99 : 1975 GRAPHIC SYMBOLS FOR ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS DIAGRAMS
    NEMA SG 3 : 1995 LOW-VOLTAGE POWER CIRCUIT BREAKERS
    IEEE C62.41-1991 IEEE Recommended Practice for Surge Voltages in Low-Voltage AC Power Circuits
    NEMA MG 1 : 2016 MOTORS AND GENERATORS
    NEMA MG 2:2014 Safety Standard for Construction and Guide for Selection, Installation and Use of Electric Motors and Generators
    IEEE 487-2015 IEEE Standard for the Electrical Protection of Communications Facilities Serving Electric Supply Locations -- General Considerations
    IEEE C57.12.01-2015 REDLINE IEEE Standard for General Requirements for Dry-Type Distribution and Power Transformers
    NFPA 780 : 2017 INSTALLATION OF LIGHTNING PROTECTION SYSTEMS
    UL 1072:4ED 2006-06 Medium-Voltage Power Cables
    IEEE C57.12.20-2011 TRANSFORMERS - STANDARD FOR OVERHEAD TYPE DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS, 500 KVA AND SMALLER: HIGH VOLTAGE, 34500 VOLTS AND BELOW: LOW VOLTAGE, 7970/13800Y VOLTS AND BELOW
    NFPA 110 : 2016 EMERGENCY AND STANDBY POWER SYSTEMS
    IEEE C37.42-2009 SWITCHGEAR DISTRIBUTION CUTOUTS AND FUSE LINKS SPECIFICATIONS
    IEEE 81-2012 IEEE Guide for Measuring Earth Resistivity, Ground Impedance, and Earth Surface Potentials of a Grounding System
    ANSI C57.12.24 : 2009 TRANSFORMERS - UNDERGROUND-TYPE THREE-PHASE DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS, 2500 KVA AND SMALLER; HIGH VOLTAGE, 34 500 GRDY/19 920 VOLTS AND BELOW; LOW VOLTAGE, 480 VOLTS AND BELOW - REQUIREMENTS
    IEEE 386-2016 REDLINE IEEE Standard for Separable Insulated Connector Systems for Power Distribution Systems Rated 2.5 kV through 35 kV
    ANSI C57.12.25 : 1990 TRANSFORMERS - PAD-MOUNTED, COMPARTMENTAL-TYPE, SELF-COOLED, SINGLE-PHASE DISTRIBUTION TRANSFORMERS WITH SEPARABLE INSULATED HIGH-VOLTAGE CONNECTORS; HIGH VOLTAGE, 34 500 GRDY/19 920 VOLTS AND BELOW; LOW VOLTAGE, 240/120 VOLTS; 167 KVA AND SMALLER - REQUIREMENTS
    IEEE C37.20.2-2015 IEEE Standard for Metal-Clad Switchgear
    NEMA HP 100.2 : 1991(R2010) HIGH TEMPERATURE INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL CABLES INSULATED AND JACKETED WITH ETFE FLUOROPOLYMERS
    ANSI C34.2 : 1968 SEMICONDUCTOR POWER RECTIFIERS, PRACTICES AND REQUIREMENTS FOR,
    ANSI/NEMA FB 11-2000 PLUGS, RECEPTACLES AND CONNECTORS OF THE PIN AND SLEEVE TYPE FOR HAZARDOUS LOCATIONS
    ASHRAE 90.1 : 1999 ENERGY STANDARD FOR BUILDINGS EXCEPT LOW-RISE RESIDENTIAL BUILDINGS
    NFPA 70B : 2016 RECOMMENDED PRACTICE FOR ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT MAINTENANCE
    UL 83:16ED 2017-07 Standard for Thermoplastic-Insulated Wires and Cables
    IEEE 592-2007 REDLINE IEEE Standard for Exposed Semiconducting Shields on High-Voltage Cable Joints and Separable Connectors
    ANSI C50.10 : 1990 ROTATING ELECTRICAL MACHINERY - SYNCHRONOUS MACHINES
    IEEE C57.12.58-1991 IEEE Guide for Conducting a Transient Voltage Analysis of a Dry-Type Transformer Coil
    IEEE C57.12.00-2015 IEEE Standard for General Requirements for Liquid-Immersed Distribution, Power, and Regulating Transformers
    NEMA WC 55 : 1992(R1999) INSTRUMENTATION CABLES AND THERMOCOUPLE WIRE
    IEEE 493 : 2007 DESIGN OF RELIABLE INDUSTRIAL AND COMMERCIAL POWER SYSTEMS
    WC 5-1992 THERMOPLASTIC-INSULATED WIRE AND CABLE FOR THE TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    NEMA WC 57 : 2014 CONTROL, THERMOCOUPLE EXTENSION, AND INSTRUMENTATION CABLES
    IEEE C57.96-2013 IEEE Guide for Loading Dry-Type Distribution and Power Transformers
    WC 8:1988 ETHYLENE-PROPYLENE-RUBBER-INSULATED WIRE AND CABLE FOR THE TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION OF ELECTRICAL ENERGY
    ANSI/NEMA PB 2.1:2013 General Instructions for Proper Handling, Installation, Operation and Maintenance of Deadfront Distribution Switchboards Rated 600 Volts or Less
    ICEA P 32 382 : 2007(R2018) SHORT CIRCUIT CHARACTERISTICS OF INSULATED CABLES
    IEEE C37.48-2005 IEEE Guide for the Application, Operation, and Maintenance of High-Voltage Fuses, Distribution Enclosed Single-Pole Air Switches, Fuse Disconnecting Switches, and Accessories
    IEEE C57.12.90-2010 IEEE Standard Test Code for Liquid-Immersed Distribution, Power, and Regulating Transformers
    ANSI C37.6 : 1971 SCHEDULE OF PREFERRED RATINGS FOR AC HIGH-VOLTAGE CIRCUIT BREAKERS RATED ON A TOTAL CURRENT BASIS
    NEMA HP 100.3 : 1991(R2010) HIGH TEMPERATURE INSTRUMENTATION AND CONTROL CABLES INSULATED AND JACKETED WITH CROSS-LINKED (THERMOSET) POLYOLEFIN (XLPO)
    IEEE 315 : 1975 GRAPHIC SYMBOLS FOR ELECTRICAL AND ELECTRONICS DIAGRAMS (INCLUDING REFERENCE DESIGNATION LETTERS)
    UL 857:13ED 2009-03 Busways
    IEEE C37.99-2012 IEEE Guide for the Protection of Shunt Capacitor Banks
    ASHRAE 90 : A80 ENERGY CONSERVATION IN NEW BUILDING DESIGN
    ANSI C97.1 : 1972
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